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A Writer Awakens: On ZZ Packer#8217;s #8220;Brownies#8221; The writer's first tool—even more important than language—is empathy: Michael Byers on ZZ Packer's Brownies as a story about becoming a writer. ZZ Packer was just twenty-six when she published “Brownies” in Harper#8217;s , part of a remarkable string of maths, early successes that preceded her highly praised collection Drinking Coffee Elsewhere (Riverhead, 2003) , still her only book in print. Seen from this distance, #8220;Brownies#8221; is a youthful effort, in parts awkward and straining, elsewhere surprising, assured, and cv writing us sheffield, moving. Caught at this gawky early moment, Packer shows herself to nuig homework, be what she has to this point remained: a writer of nss camp essay, great and imperfectly fulfilled promise. #8220;Brownies#8221; benefits from a brilliant and intrinsically interesting conceit. Sometime around 1983, at Camp Crescendo— somewhere, we gather, in the vicinity of Atlanta—an all-black troop of Brownies encounters the all-white Troop 909. Certain members of the nuig black scout group claim one of the assistant letter white scouts has called them #8220;nigger,#8221; though it#8217;s clear to maths, the reader that this claim is dubious at best. The story tracks the Brownies#8217; halting, finally unsuccessful plans to take their revenge upon the white scouts. How moving and convincing this is—that a group of African-American fourth graders would decide to contest the cv writing us sheffield great powers by picking a fight against an unlikely and innocent enemy.

The heartbreaking twist: the white scouts are mentally disabled, and the girl identified as the name-caller is discovered to be mute. No slur was ever spoken. Worse, the presence of another disfavored group makes clear the reality of the maths Brownies#8217; own inferior position within the larger culture. #8220;Why did we have to be stuck at a camp with retarded girls? You know?#8221; one girl asks. The answer: #8220; You know why.#8221; Instead of providing an opportunity for revenge, the presence of service, Troop 909 offers a lesson in humiliation and subjection. But #8220;Brownies#8221; is not really—or not only—about race, equality, and fairness. It is nuig maths homework, a about becoming a writer.

Like many important stories, it is itself about we hire you, telling stories. I#8217;m always a little balked by the early pages of nuig maths homework, #8220;Brownies.#8221; A great deal of time is jennifers, spent in backstory—long, muddled passages in which we are introduced to one character after another. Nuig Maths Homework. I find I have to stop and reread to jennifers, make sure I#8217;m not missing something crucial, and even then I have trouble tracking the people. Arnetta and Octavia, later the instigators of much of the action, are indistinguishable. Drema and Elise are shown #8220;doubled up on nuig, each other like inextricably entwined kites,#8221; a description that in no way helps me see these girls. It doesn#8217;t matter—they#8217;re only there to fill space anyway. Mrs. Assistant Experience. Margolin is vivid enough, huffing and puffing and leading with her bosom, but how does she differ from Mrs. Hedy, exactly? One is religious, the other has had an operation? Or does the religious one also have the operation?

Mrs. Hedy is Octavia#8217;s mother, a fact that never seems to matter. And the corny joke—that nobody ever sees baby pigeons—is here first made ridiculous, with Mrs. Homework. Margolin given a belt #8220;made entirely from the feathers of baby pigeons#8221; (an obvious impossibility), then overstuffed with portent: #8220;Whites were like those baby pigeons: real and existing, but rarely thought about.#8221; It is the group portrait that Packer is struggling with. As #8220;Brownies#8221; is cover letter experience, a portrait of groups in conflict, this difficulty slows and maths homework, stalls the story. Packer is also wrestling with a peculiar, difficult point of view—Snot, or Laurel, our first-person protagonist, is largely buried in these early pages. This will make perfect sense later, but here, early, as Packer uses Laurel to convey a great deal of information without using that information to essays, also render Laurel as a character, the maths homework effect is of why should we hire, baffling. We get a great flood of data, but there#8217;s nobody at home within the point of view to nuig, help direct the flow. The exception to this is Packer#8217;s portrait of jennifers, Daphne —or really Packer#8217;s rendering of Laurel#8217;s observation of nuig maths homework, Daphne. On Transportation. This is maths, a portrait of an individual, as seen by an individual, and the description is simple, sharp, and moving: Daphne hardly ever spoke, but when she did her voice was petite and tinkly, the voice one might expect from a shiny new earring.

She#8217;d written a poem once, for papers about torture, Langston Hughes Day, a poem brimming with all the teacher-winning ingredients#8230;. [To the prize ceremony Daphne had] worn clean, though faded, jumpers and dresses, but when she went up to the dais to maths, receive her prize journal, pages trimmed in gold, she wore a new dress with a velveteen bodice and a taffeta skirt as wide as an umbrella. Daphne has the advantage of being seen in term papers about isolation, of course, and in action. Unlike other troop members, she is nuig maths homework, also given the advantage of containing within herself a set of contrasting states: silent but her voice also tinkling, dressed in faded but also in fancy clothes, quiet and withdrawn but also the person honored in front of an audience. These contrasts make her vivid to us, and complicated. Daphne is also a writer, which matters to our protagonist. Daphne#8217;s poem haunts Laurel. #8220;Those last lines pricked me,#8221; she tells us, they were so eerie, and as my father and I ate cereal, I#8217;d whisper over my Froot Loops, like a mantra, #8220; You are my father, the veteran.

You are my father, the veteran, the jennifers resume veteran, the nuig maths veteran,#8221; until my father#8230;marched me up to my teacher one morning and said, #8220;Can you tell me what the hell#8217;s wrong with this kid?#8221; We surely hear the us sheffield influence of #8220;Bullet in nuig homework the Brain,#8221; Tobias Wolff#8217;s masterpiece, which concludes with its own repeated mantra— they is, they is, they is. Like #8220;Brownies,#8221; that story#8217;s central figure is also a writer. Wolff was Packer#8217;s teacher (and mine) in Stanford#8217;s Stegner program in the late 1990s, when Wolff#8217;s story first made its own glorious, disruptive passage through all our skulls. In the portrait of Daphne there is nothing strained, no dumb jokes or outsize metaphors. Cv Writing Us Sheffield. The language is quieter, befitting its subject, and signaling Daphne#8217;s importance to the story. Nuig Homework. She is the key to us sheffield, its meaning. There are great silences in #8220;Brownies.#8221; The unspoken slur.

The silence of the disabled girl accused of speaking it. The silence on nuig homework, the bus after the Brownies leave Camp Crescendo, insulted and on transportation, humbled. And, of course, the nuig silence of our narrator. She is our protagonist, yet she barely speaks a word before the story#8217;s conclusion. Her only words, in fact, are those that effectively move the assistant cover letter with plot along.

It is she who points out that Troop 909 will be alone in the bathroom, which sets in motion the Brownies#8217; plan. Homework. Laurel is, in effect, the creator of the action. Considered another way, Laurel is the story#8217;s writer. Even as the glorious last pages approach, the story continues to stall, falter, and fail. The meandering scene at should you, the creek between Janice, Arnetta, Octavia, Elise, and Laurel seems to exist only to allow Laurel the opportunity to mention the bathroom, which then makes possible the Brownies#8217; first visit to homework, the bathroom, which gives Laurel the opportunity to observe the of why should we hire you patient, saintly Daphne cleaning the mess they find there, bending, the thin of her back hunched like a maid caught in stage limelight. Maths Homework. Stray strands of her hair were lit nearly transparent#8230; She abided, bent. Then she began again, picking up leaves, wads of paper, the cotton fluff innards from should a torn stuffed toy. She did it so methodically, so exquisitely, so humbly, she must have been trained. I thought of those dresses she wore, faded and old, yet so pressed and clean; I then saw the poverty in them, I then could imagine her mother, cleaning the houses of others, returning home, weary. It is an excellent passage, once we get to it, and a crucial one.

Laurel is struck by something unfamiliar, experiences empathy for Daphne, and nuig maths homework, finds herself imagining an unfamiliar life. Laurel is on her way not only to maturity but to a certain kind of maturity—a writerly kind. Jennifers. This is the beginning of a writer#8217;s awakening. But I can#8217;t help feeling, every time I read this story, that Packer has taken too long to arrive here. Nuig Maths Homework. The recognition that Troop 909 will be alone should be made to cover letter with experience, happen in the bathroom, not at the creek. Nuig Maths Homework. And the story then takes a long time—far too long—to arrive at essay, its climactic scene. The girls return to the cabin and sing to Mrs. Hedy. Nuig Maths Homework. She is mourning #8220;an imminent divorce from her husband,#8221; the first we have heard of this. It takes a full three songs to dispel Mrs. Hedy#8217;s gloom.

Next we learn of Mrs. Nss Camp Essay. Margolin#8217;s mysterious operation and nuig, its lingering aftermath, the principle purpose of which appears to be to remove Mrs. Margolin from the cabin. Left alone with the on transportation ineffective Mrs. Hedy, the Brownies are at last—many pages later—ready to nuig maths homework, head out teacher assistant cover letter, through the darkened woods and confront their enemies, the girls of homework, Troop 909. And it is here, finally, with all the players in position, that the story begins to cover letter experience, soar.

From this point to its conclusion, the story knows exactly what it is about, and it is about it continually. The story arises from the supposed utterance of nuig, a forbidden word. So it is only fitting that when Arnetta confronts Troop 909, it is the sound of the response that strikes Laurel. #8220;What I hadn#8217;t expected,#8221; she says, was the voice in which the denial was said. The girl sounded as though her tongue were caught in her mouth. #8220;That#8217;s a BAD word!#8221; the girl continued. #8220;We don#8217;t say BAD words.#8221; It is language, and the use of it, that informs the rest of this confrontation between the troops. Octavia orders Janice to shut up, then tells the disabled girl, #8220;You don#8217;t have to tell anyone that we were here.#8221; The girl, catching the scent of nss camp essay, some all-too-rare advantage, asks why she shouldn#8217;t talk. #8220;If you said anything,#8221; Arnette replies, #8220;then you#8217;d be a tattletale.#8221; But every silence in the story has been broken: The girl looked sad for a moment, the perked up quickly. Nuig Homework. A flash of should we hire, genius crossed her face. #8220;I like tattletale.#8221; The adults return to the scene. Troop 909#8217;s leader appears and offers new language to use: her girls are #8220; not retarded. They are delayed learners#8230; Many of nuig, them just have special needs.#8221; She even offers a possible explanation: #8220;Some of our girls are echolalic#8230; That means they will say whatever they hear, like an echo.#8221; Arnetta now accuses one of the girls, #8220;a small girl, smaller than any of us.#8221; But the chosen girl #8220;#8216;doesn#8217;t speak.

She can, but she doesn#8217;t.'#8221; The Brownies#8217; case has fallen apart. They are not innocent victims. They have made innocent victims of people even more helpless than they. The force of their own suffering has brought them here, and this is the great sadness of nss camp essay, #8220;Brownies#8221;: that such small people should feel such suffering, and homework, should make an attempt to inflict it in turn upon others, who are themselves sufferers. Two days later, on the nearly silent bus ride home, Laurel sits beside Daphne.

Daphne gives Laurel her journal #8220;without a word of explanation.#8221; One nascent writer recognizing another. The journal is empty. Laurel is of why should we hire you, almost—but not quite—ready to begin her own story. I opened the journal she#8217;d given me. I looked out the window, trying to decide what to write, searching for lines, but nothing could compare with the maths lines Daphne had written. #8220; My father, the veteran,#8221; my favorite line of all time. The line replayed itself in my head, and I gave up trying to write. What opens the door to language for nss camp essay, Laurel?

First: the Brownies themselves acknowledge the painful truth. Until now, no one has spoken explicitly of their second-class status. The words have been too painful to utter. But now they are necessary. They are the nuig truth that can no longer go unrecognized. #8220;You know,#8221; Octavia whispered, #8220;why did we have to be stuck at a camp with retarded girls? You know?#8221; #8220; You know why,#8221; Arnetta answered. She narrowed her eyes like a cat. #8220;My mama and I were in the mall in Buckhead, and this white lady just kept looking at us. Cv Writing. I mean, like we were foreign or something. Like we were from China.#8221; #8220;What did the nuig woman say?#8221; And now Laurel speaks. #8220;There was this time,#8221; I said, #8220;when my father and papers about torture, I were in the mall and#8221; #8220;Oh, shut up, Snot,#8221; Octavia said. Nuig Maths. Daphne, her fellow writer and truthteller, steps in: #8220;Go on, Laurel,#8221; Daphne said to service, me. It was the first time she#8217;d spoken the whole trip, and she#8217;d said my name#8230; I studied the maths homework girls, waiting for Octavia to tell me to #8220;shut up#8221; again before I even had a chance to resume, utter another word, but everyone was amazed that Daphne had spoken.

I gathered my voice. And so language, and storytelling, begins to offer a means of homework, understanding. Laurel, now newly named for us, and for herself, describes the altruism and dogmatic goodness of the Mennonites she and teacher assistant cover letter with, her father encountered in the mall. Some people are good and kind, or at least act in maths a good and kindly way. And it is resume, always the temptation, Laurel#8217;s story informs us, to take advantage of a subjected group. No matter who you are, you will be tempted to be cruel. Nuig Homework. You are not made good just because someone is taking advantage of you. Instead, you make yourself good through the choices you make: to clean the term about bathroom, as Daphne does, or to nuig maths homework, paint a porch, as the Mennonites agree to do. You are empowered to enact your own goodness.

This understanding arrives to us even as it arrives to Laurel: #8220;Why,#8221; Arnetta asked archly, as though she didn#8217;t believe a word, #8220;would someone pick a porch? If they#8217;ll do anything, why not make them paint the whole house? Why not ask for a hundred bucks?#8221; I thought about it, and I remembered the words my father had said to them about painting our porch, though I had never seemed to think about his words after he#8217;d said them. #8220;He said,#8221; I began, only then understanding the on transportation words as they uncoiled from my mouth, #8220;it was the only time he#8217;d have a white man on his knees doing something for nuig maths, a black man for free.#8221; I remembered the Mennonites bending like Daphne had bent cleaning the restroom. I remembered the cv writing us sheffield dark blue of their bonnets, the black of maths homework, their shoes. They painted the porch as though scrubbing a floor.

Cruelty is always an option. Laurel finds her voice in order to say this. The writer#8217;s first tool—even more important than language—is empathy. Discovering empathy for the Mennonites, whom her father has subjected, and discovering it for her father, too—and for herself, as one of those poor Brownies thrown in with Troop 909—Laurel has become a storyteller. I#8217;ve heard ZZ read this story aloud—twice, some years apart—and both times she broke down a little at cv writing service us sheffield, the last few paragraphs, her own voice shaking as she fought back tears. It is, maybe, a sort of creation story for herself: maybe she sees herself in Laurel and Daphne both. I don#8217;t know whether this story is in nuig any way autobiographical, but, when reading Laurel and Daphne to life, maybe she reads herself to life as well. Essays On Transportation. ZZ#8217;s been silent, at least relatively so, for a long time now.

Such silences aren#8217;t uncommon following a highly praised debut. Junot Diaz and Jeffrey Eugenides each took almost a decade to emerge with a second book, for example. It#8217;s a lonely time. The pressure to produce can be daunting. Expectations are immense. Writing a novel under such scrutiny is very hard—novel writing requires solitude and maths homework, a sense of being hidden away with your own world drawn up around your shoulders like a blanket. And life interferes: family, travel, teaching. And novels fail at least as often as they succeed, and they die inventively and aggressively—half-born, sinking beneath a swamp of research, remaining thin and under-realized despite our best efforts to plump them full of life, a heart refusing to beat no matter how conscientiously we#8217;ve stitched the veins and arteries together. As writers, we can only should we hire sympathize with such lengthy pauses—such long intakes of breath. We can only empathize, and look forward to the next thing ZZ has to say.

Michael Byers is the author of The Coast of Good Intentions , a book of stories, and two novels, Long for This World and Percival’s Planet . Nuig. His first book was a finalist for the PEN/Hemingway Award and won the Sue Kaufman Prize from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, among other citations. A former Stegner Fellow at Stanford, he teaches creative writing at the University of essay we hire, Michigan. Thank you for maths homework, that. I bought and read Ms. Packer#8217;s collection when it first appeared but I had forgotten its contents almost entirely retaining only an impressionistic sense that I#8217;d liked it.

What a treat to service us sheffield, have heard her read her own story. We are a community of writers dedicated to reviewing, recommending, and discussing quality fiction from maths homework presses and writers with a focus on emerging authors. Fiction Writers Review welcomes previously unpublished reviews, essays, literary interviews, and Shop Talk features from fiction writers, poets, graphic novelists, playwrights, and cv writing service us sheffield, screenwriters. Maths Homework. The editors will also consider work from librarians, journalists, other publishing professionals, and literary critics interested in forming connections. Copyright Fiction Writers Review, 2008-2017.

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– Rare Records – Rare Rock, Jazz and RB Albums. Butcher Cover – The Beatles’ Best-Known Album. A promotional poster for the Yesterday and Today album. Record collecting is a vast hobby, and maths homework often an obscure one. The prices that collectors pay for certain records would likely baffle a large segment of the public, and many valuable records are those by artists that aren’t even well known to the public at large. There’s one huge exception to that, however. The original release of the album Yesterday and jennifers resume Today by the Beatles, with the so-called “Butcher cover”, is one of the most widely recognized valuable albums in nuig maths the world, and jennifers one that is known to many non collectors. It’s also an album that many people who don’t specifically collect records by the Beatles would love to nuig, have in their collection… …all because of the album’s cover, rather than the content. The Yesterday and Today album, released in June 1966, was originally printed with a cover depicting the Beatles dressed in essays on transportation butcher smocks, surrounded by pieces of raw meat and plastic doll parts. Due to public outrage, the album was quickly withdrawn and the cover replaced by one with a more modest design.

The value of the copies of nuig, Yesterday and Today with a Butcher cover lies with the cover itself; the records within them are relatively common. Cv Writing? For those interested in owning a Butcher cover, there is both good news and bad news. The good news is that Capitol Records produced the better part of a million copies of nuig maths homework, that album in 1966. The bad news is that many of those covers were either destroyed or altered, and assistant cover letter the surviving examples can often sell for a breathtaking amount of money on the collector’s market. In this article, we’re going to discuss the infamous Butcher cover in detail, outlining the history of the nuig homework album and cover, the various versions of the nss camp essay album that exist, how to identify one, and nuig maths the value of the Butcher cover in the collector’s market. Browse by Category. Click any of the links below to jennifers, jump to maths homework, each category: Clicking on any image will open a larger version in a new window.

Yesterday and Today Album History. The final version of service, Yesterday and Today with the nuig maths homework Trunk cover. From January, 1964, when Capitol Records released Meet the Beatles in America, through the August, 1966, release of Revolver, the Beatles’ American albums differed in content, and sometimes in of why you cover art and title, from their British counterparts. This was mostly due to maths, different industry practices within those two countries. In Britain, albums usually contained fourteen songs, and cv writing service us sheffield usually did not contain songs that had been previously released as singles. The reasoning for nuig maths, this was that the teacher assistant cover public would not be interested in buying expensive albums that contained songs that they had already purchased as singles. In America, albums usually contained twelve songs, and it was quite common for albums to contain songs that had previously been released as singles. In Britain, the Beatles and their record company, Parlophone, carefully planned out their releases, choosing songs that were intended to be released as singles while assigning others to albums. In the United States, Capitol Records, spurred on by the tidal wave of Beatlemania, was interested in releasing as many albums as possible, with twelve tracks, of course, rather than the fourteen used in Britain.

Fewer tracks meant greater profits and fewer royalties to pay. These independent decisions led to significant differences in the Beatles’ catalog in the two countries, with far more albums being released in nuig homework the United States than in Britain. Essay Of Why Should You? By putting singles and nuig maths their B-sides on us sheffield albums and by cutting the number of nuig homework, tracks from fourteen to twelve, Capitol occasionally found themselves with enough tracks left over from various projects to release a unique album to be released only in the United States and Canada. Should We Hire? One of these albums was Yesterday and Today , which was scheduled for release on nuig June 20, 1966. Yesterday and term papers about torture Today was an album planned by the American record company and was compiled with little, if any, input from the Beatles themselves. The tracks were taken from nuig, a variety of sources: “Act Naturally” and teacher with experience “Yesterday” were originally on maths homework the UK version of the 1965 LP Help!, but had been omitted from the U.S. Version. “Drive My Car”, “If I Needed Someone”, “Nowhere Man” and nss camp essay “What Goes On” were taken from the UK version of the 1965 LP Rubber Soul and had been left off of the American version of the album.

“Day Tripper” and “We Can Work It Out” had been released as a single and in maths the UK, those two songs had not been intended to appear on an album. “And Your Bird Can Sing”, “Doctor Robert”, and resume “I’m Only Sleeping” were tracks intended for the then-unreleased Revolver album, which wouldn’t be released until August, 1966. The completed track lineup is listed below. The album was given the title “ Yesterday and homework Today ” to take advantage of the song “Yesterday”, which had reached #1 on the American charts in October, 1965. The Beatles were reportedly unhappy with the way that Capitol records reconfigured their intended releases, but were unable to do anything about it. This was eventually resolved when the teacher cover with group signed a new contract in 1967, and all releases from that time forward were identical in both the U.S. and the UK. Nuig Maths? As for Yesterday and Today, the Beatles likely knew as little as the American public about the content of the album prior to its release.

The back cover for all versions of Yesterday and jennifers Today. “Act Naturally” (Morrison–Russell) – 2:27. “And Your Bird Can Sing” – 2:02. “If I Needed Someone” (George Harrison) – 2:19. “What Goes On” (Lennon–McCartney–Richard Starkey) – 2:44. With the track listings for Yesterday and Today all set, the only thing left for Capitol to nuig maths homework, do was come up with a cover design for the album. The Original Cover Design – The Butcher Cover. As Yesterday and Today was intended to be a North American-only release (it would also be released in Canada), Capitol did not have cover art on hand, and resume requested that the nuig band’s management provided them with suitable artwork for the album cover. The photos supplied came from a photo shoot that the band had done in March, 1966 with photographer Robert Whitaker, which were originally intended to be used for a piece of about, conceptual art called A Somnambulant Adventure.

For these photos, the Beatles were dressed in butcher smocks and sat on or stood around a bench while surrounded with parts from plastic dolls and raw meat. Though these photos were not taken with the intention of nuig homework, using them for an album cover, the band’s management submitted them to Capitol, and one of the photos was chosen to be used for the cover of the Yesterday and Today album. Whitaker had no idea that he’d inadvertently created the Butcher cover. Butcher Covers Are Shipped And Withdrawn. A copy of the letter Capitol sent to reviewers asking for the albums to be returned. As Beatles albums had continued to sell well since their arrival in America in early 1964, Capitol had high hopes for sales of Yesterday and Today . Teacher Assistant Cover With Experience? In anticipation of this, the company printed some 750,000 covers at homework their three pressing plants – Los Angeles, California, Scranton, Pennsylvania, and Jacksonville, Illinois. The front cover slicks for service, the cover were printed on a special paper with a slightly rough texture, and homework the photo used was given a slightly grainy appearance in order to make the finished cover look somewhat as though it had been painted on canvas.

At the time of the release of Yesterday and nss camp essay Today , record companies in America were still pressing records in both stereo and mono, as stereo records were playable only on stereo equipment and nuig most buyers only had mono record players. Because of teacher assistant cover experience, this, approximately 80%-90% of the finished covers were in mono, with the homework remainder in stereo. Several hundred copies of the finished Yesterday and Today album were shipped to radio stations and reviewers in order to help the album receive press attention prior to release. Essays? Most of the remaining copies were shipped to distributors around the homework country. Reaction to the album from the few people who received advance copies was predictably hostile, and jennifers distributors and retailers expressed concern about the maths cover art. As the album’s release date approached, Sir Joseph Lockwood, the papers torture chairman of EMI, the company that owned Capitol Records, made the decision to recall the album. Distributors and nuig maths reviewers were asked to return all copies of the album to jennifers, Capitol Records, as described in an article in a contemporaneous article in Billboard magazine about the maths struggles of distributors to return the albums with the term torture Butcher cover to the record company. It’s worth noting that while the copies of the Butcher cover that were sent to reviewers ahead of the release date are valuable, so is the letter from Capitol requesting that the album be returned to them.

While photocopies of the “Butcher cover recall letter” are common, collectors have paid several thousand dollars for original copies of the recall letter. An alternate version of the replacement cover, used on maths the 8 track tape of Yesterday and Today. Capitol quickly came up with a replacement cover design; this one was much more innocuous and depicted the band surrounding a steamer trunk. This image may have been considered for teacher cover with experience, use as the original cover of the album, and several different prototype cover slicks exist with slight variations on nuig homework this image. The decision then needed to essay, be made as to what to do about the returned albums, that had the design that would soon be known as the “Butcher cover.” The decisions as to what to do about the covers may have been made at nuig homework the corporate level or by individual plant managers. At the Jacksonville, Illinois, plant, all of the returned copies had the records removed and nss camp essay the covers were reportedly taken to a landfill, where they were dumped into a hole that was then filled with water. At the Los Angeles and maths homework Scranton plants, a different decision was reached – the cover slicks with the new artwork would be pasted over nss camp essay, the existing “ Butcher cover ” slicks. This process proved to be less expensive than reprinting the maths covers completely, but was also more time consuming. Not only was the process of aligning a new slick over cv writing service us sheffield, the old one rather precisely a difficult task, but the finished covers then had to be trimmed at the mouth (the right edge) to account for maths homework, any misalignment at the opening of the on transportation cover. Once the covers were either reprinted (Jacksonville) or modified (Los Angeles and maths Scranton), the albums were again shipped to nss camp essay, distributors for their June 20, 1966 release date.

It has been estimated that the nuig maths homework cost (in 1966 dollars) of Capitol’s recall of Yesterday and Today cost the company some $250,000, and effectively wiped out any profits the company was likely to see from the album in the foreseeable future. It’s worth noting that the us sheffield Butcher cover was released in maths homework the United States only in the vinyl format. Reel to cv writing us sheffield, reel tape and 8 track tape versions of the album were not issued until about maths, a month after the record. By this time, the decision to use the second cover had already been made. Cassette copies of essays on transportation, Yesterday and nuig maths Today were not released until two years later and all of them were issued with the trunk cover photo. Album Release And Reception. Despite the problems with the cover, the album was released as scheduled, and promptly went to #1 on the American Billboard album charts, where it remained for five weeks. The album was soon certified gold for amassing more than $1 million in teacher with gross sales.

On the day of nuig maths homework, release, the album that most buyers saw in nss camp essay the stores was the second cover with the steamer trunk photo. Probably half of those actually had Butcher cover slicks underneath them. A small handful of original copies with the maths exposed Butcher cover slick were sold at retail, though it has been estimated that only nss camp essay, a few hundred were sold this way. There have been a couple of copies offered for sale on maths the market over the years that still had both the original shrink wrap and price sticker intact, demonstrating that at least a few copies of the on transportation original cover did reach store shelves. Collectors and Butcher Covers. Reproduction of a proposed alternate album cover. The fact that the nuig homework original covers for Yesterday and Today were withdrawn and replaced wasn’t a secret, and the public soon discovered that many of them had purchased albums that had a cover with a second cover underneath. Not only jennifers resume, that, but it was fairly easy to see the old cover under the new one on most copies, as the new cover was mostly white and the cover underneath was quite a bit darker. In addition, due to the haste with which the new slicks were applied to the old covers, many covers had trunk slicks that were slightly misaligned, making it even more obvious that there was another cover underneath the trunk cover. A few enterprising individuals discovered that steam from a tea kettle could be carefully applied to the cover, which allowed the trunk slick to be removed and the Butcher cover underneath to nuig homework, be exposed. With time, the glue used to attach the trunk cover slicks became pretty secure, and attempts to peel the covers using steam became less successful, resulting in thousands of badly damaged and jennifers largely useless Butcher covers.

Within a few months, all of the maths homework “pasteover” copies of Yesterday and Today had been sold, and by essays, the end of 1966, all of the copies seen in stores were copies that were manufactured with the trunk cover only. Butcher Cover Terminology. By January, 1967, four distinctly different versions of Yesterday and Today were in existence. These were the original issues with the maths “Butcher cover” photo, the second version of the album, with the trunk cover slick pasted over the Butcher cover, the buyer-created versions with the jennifers resume trunk cover removed, and the fourth version, which was manufactured with the trunk cover slick. While all versions of the album are currently sought out by collectors, the first issues are unquestionably the nuig maths most prized and the most valuable. Essay Of Why? The second issue is also quite valuable, and the third issue may or may not be, depending on nuig maths homework condition. The fourth version is of interest only to hard-core Beatles collectors and people who simply like the Yesterday and teacher assistant letter Today album, which, the opinion of the Beatles themselves notwithstanding, is a pretty good collection of songs.

First State Butcher Covers. A rare stereo First State Butcher cover. The original issues of Yesterday and maths homework Today , which never had the trunk slick pasted over them, are among the on transportation most valuable and sought out albums in all of record collecting. While 750,000 of them were printed, most were either destroyed or had trunk cover slicks pasted over homework, them. In the end, only a few hundred examples of teacher assistant, these first issues survive today.

Among collectors, this version of Yesterday and Today is known as a “First State” issue. These First State issues exist in both stereo and nuig maths homework mono, as do all later versions of the Yesterday and Today album pressed through early 1968. After that, the album was available in should stereo only (with the trunk cover, of course.) First State stereo issues of the Butcher cover are much rarer than their mono counterparts, and outnumber them by a ratio of roughly 10:1. Second State Butcher Covers. A mono copy of a Second State Butcher cover. The copies of Yesterday and maths Today that were shipped to stores with trunk cover slick pasted over the Butcher cover slick (and still have them attached) are known as Second State Butcher covers. Second State issues are much more common than First State issues, as several hundred thousand copies were probably shipped to distributors and retailers in 1966. While Second State Butcher covers were common in 1966, they’re significantly harder to find a half a century later.

Over time, many of these albums have ended up in the trash, as albums often do, and quite a few of them were likely owned and eventually discarded by people who had no idea that they owned a version of the Butcher cover. Even among surviving examples of Butcher covers, Second State Butcher covers have become more rare over cv writing us sheffield, time, as many people have peeled them to reveal the nuig original Butcher cover underneath, often with varying degrees of service us sheffield, success. Because of peeling and general attrition, Second State Butcher covers are somewhat scarce today. As with First State issues, Second State Butcher covers are significantly more common in nuig maths homework mono than they are in stereo. Third State Butcher Covers. A nicely peeled “third state” Butcher cover. The term “Third State Butcher cover” refers to a Second State cover that has had the nss camp essay trunk cover removed. Third State copies of Yesterday and Today tend to come in the most broad range of conditions of nuig maths, all the jennifers variations of the album. Third State versions that have been professionally peeled often appear, at first glance, to be First State issues.

On the other hand, Third State copies that have been badly peeled by nuig maths homework, amateurs are frequently in horrible condition, and we’ve seen examples where parts of both slicks were removed, leaving bare cardboard in papers about torture places that were originally covered by the Butcher cover slick. On the plus side, poorly-peeled Third State examples of the Butcher cover are often the most affordable variation for collectors, as poorly-peeled examples might sell for less than 10% of the price of nuig maths homework, a professionally peeled Third State cover. The Yesterday and Today Trunk Covers. The final version of Yesterday and Today with the Trunk cover. The final version, which is teacher assistant letter with, not referred to as a “Fourth State” version of Yesterday and Today , is simply known as the “Trunk Cover.” These are the versions of the album that were printed after all of the Second State copies had been shipped. Trunk cover versions of Yesterday and homework Today have only one slick attached to the front cover and never had the original Butcher cover slick mounted underneath.

The photos used for the trunk cover were from a photo shoot that was taken shortly after the shoot that produced the original Butcher cover photos. Resume? Capitol printed test slicks of several variations of the trunk cover before settling on one that had an all white background. The version with the purple surrounding the trunk was used on the 8 track version of the album, however. This cover was used on all copies of Yesterday and Today from June, 1966 until the late 1980s, when the album was deleted by Capitol as part of the homework company’s move to unify the American and British Beatles catalog. Identifying A Butcher Cover. Closeup of a Second State Butcher cover. Ringo’s collar can be seen as indicated. It would seem pretty straightforward to essay we hire you, identify a Butcher cover; after all, it has that photo on the front, right? That’s true of nuig homework, First State issues, which are easily identifiable as Butcher covers. It’s also true of Third State versions, as the trunk cover has been peeled to reveal the Butcher cover slick underneath. On the other hand, it can be difficult to distinguish a Second State Butcher cover from a later trunk cover issue, and cv writing service us sheffield we’ve seen numerous trunk cover copies offered for sale over the years by unsure sellers who listed it for sale with the homework phrase “may be a Butcher cover.”

It is actually fairly easy to distinguish between a Second State Butcher cover and cv writing service us sheffield a run-of-the-mill trunk cover, and once you know how to maths homework, tell the essay of why should we hire you difference, it becomes quite obvious. Parts of the artwork on the original cover were black, while large portions of the trunk cover are white. On Second State issues, there is one part of the homework cover in particular where the original Butcher cover can be seen through the white part of the trunk cover slick. In the original Butcher cover photo, Ringo Starr was wearing a black turtleneck sweater underneath his white butcher smock and the part of the turtleneck that appears in that photo is essay should, triangular in shape. On Second State issues, the part of the trunk cover slick that is directly above that black triangular area is all white. On Second State covers, this black triangle is always visible through the trunk cover, and nuig it appears about 2 1/4” below the letters “oda” in the word “Today” in essay should you the album’s title. Assuming that you’re in a room with good light or outside in sunlight, the maths triangular area will be plainly visible.

You won’t have to strain or struggle to see it; if you can’t see it, then you’re holding a later trunk cover version of the album. Many later trunk cover issues of Yesterday and Today have a red emblem in this same location, indicating that the album received a gold record award from the Recording Industry Association of America for achieving more than $1 million in sales. Us Sheffield? If this emblem appears on the cover, then the album in question is NOT a Second State Butcher cover. If you do find that you’re holding a Second State Butcher cover, it’s also possible to tell which pressing plant made the album. If you examine the lower right hand corner of the back cover, you will see a small logo for the RIAA. Next to this logo is a number. The number will identify the pressing plant. 2 – A stereo cover that came from the pressing plant in Scranton, Pennsylvania.

3 – A mono cover that came from the maths homework pressing plant in Scranton, Pennsylvania. 4 – (Jacksonville, Illinois) 5 – A stereo cover that came from the cv writing service us sheffield pressing plant in nuig maths Los Angeles, California. 6 – A mono cover that came from the pressing plant in Los Angeles, California. Butcher covers from the Jacksonville, Illinois, pressing plant would have the number 4 on assistant cover experience the back cover, but all but a handful of First State issues from the Jacksonville plant are believed to have been destroyed, meaning that there are no Second State issues from that particular pressing plant. If there were, they would have a number 4 on the back cover. Is It a First State or a Good Peel? While many Second State Butcher covers have been peeled by amateurs using steam or other methods, these results are often unreliable and can result in badly damaged covers.

There are, however, a few people who have found nondestructive methods for peeling Second State issues that can result in a finished product that is virtually indistinguishable from a First State issue. The difference in price in the collector’s market between a First State issue in exceptional condition and a Third State issue in similar condition can be many thousands of dollars. How can one tell the difference? There are several ways to tell if you’re looking at nuig maths homework a true First State Butcher cover or are instead looking at a Third State version where someone has done an exceptional job of removing the trunk cover slick. Most covers that have had the trunk cover slick removed will have a some glue residue on them. Essay Should You? Under bright light or sunlight, this glue residue can be seen in the form of streaks or rings on the cover. These streaks or rings may be faint, but they can usually be seen under strong light. Another way to check is to get a piece of tissue paper and lightly moisten it (don’t get it too wet!.) Place the damp tissue on nuig maths homework the cover and should you allow it to dry. Once it’s dry, try to nuig maths, remove it. If the tissue sticks or offers resistance when you try to remove it, then the cover in question is nss camp essay, a peeled Third State issue. If it removes easily or can be removed by simply blowing on it, then you may, indeed, have a First State issue.

All Second State versions of the Butcher cover were trimmed prior to being shrinkwrapped. Maths Homework? Because of this trimming, which was done to address alignment issues at the right side, or mouth, of the cover, a Second State Butcher cover will not be quite as wide as a First State cover. Cover Letter With? First State covers will be about nuig maths, 1/8” wider than Second State covers. Should you not have a First State cover handy for comparison, and few of us do, you could also compare the cover in jennifers question to other Beatles albums of the same period. At the moment, we happen to have a Second State cover on hand, and it measures 12 1/4” wide. A copy of The Beatles Second Album that we have on the shelf measures about 12 3/8” wide in comparison. As we’ve mentioned the difference in price between a First State issue and a nice Third State issue can be $10,000 or more. Be sure you know what you’re buying before you buy. Should You Peel A Butcher Cover? A poorly peeled Butcher cover. Don’t try this!

In 1966, it was often possible to turn a Second State Butcher cover into a very presentable Third State version by simply using steam from a tea kettle to remove the maths homework trunk slick from the cover. We’ve seen copies where this was done that looked nearly identical to First State issues. Those days are long gone; some fifty years of aging has pretty much rendered the adhesive impervious to steam. If you try that method today, you’re likely to end up with a soggy mess and a ruined Butcher cover. Short version: Don’t attempt to peel a Butcher cover yourself! Period.

Don’t do it. We’ve seen numerous horrible examples of covers that were ruined by nss camp essay, amateurs who were attempting to peel their cover themselves. Consider this – a really nice Third State cover in stereo can sell for as much as several thousand dollars. A ruined one might sell for $0. There are individuals who have developed methods of maths homework, removing the top slick using various chemicals. These processes usually work quite well, and papers about the results are often nearly indistinguishable from maths, First State issues.

Of course, these people who peel Beatles Butcher covers using these methods are professionals, and they charge a fee for the service. Still, if you own a Second State version, it may (or may not; read on) be worthwhile to consider having it professionally peeled. Obviously, such a decision must lie with the individual, but there are several factors to take into consideration when considering whether or not to peel a Second State issue. All versions of the on transportation Butcher cover are collectible, and collectors are interested in nuig maths homework owning all three versions in teacher assistant letter experience the best possible condition. All three are relatively uncommon, and the First State versions are quite rare. Second State versions, however, are becoming increasingly rare, as many thousands of them have been peeled over the years.

As these records were sold when new as Second State issues, they have value to collectors “as-is”, that is, in their original unpeeled state. If your Second State version is in pristine condition, be it still sealed or perhaps still in the original shrink wrap, or even in mint condition, you should probably leave it alone. Nuig Maths Homework? It’s worth the most it’s ever going to be worth in its current condition. Keep in mind that Second State Butcher covers are collectible in their own right, as that’s the way the album was sold when it was first released to the public. Every time someone peels one, there’s one less Second State copy left in on transportation the world.

As time goes on, they’re becoming increasingly rare. On the other hand, if there are any problems at all with the front cover, it may well be beneficial to have it professionally peeled. Such problems might include either excessive front cover wear or perhaps writing on the cover. Another example would be excessive foxing, which is an age-related deterioration of the paper that causes brownish spots or blotches to appear on nuig maths the cover. Foxing is most commonly seen on white paper, so it shows up often on Second State Butcher covers that have been improperly stored. Again, the decision is up to you. Collectors are paying surprisingly high prices for Second State issues in better than average condition these days. If your Second State Butcher cover is in exceptional condition, you won’t increase its value in any way by having it peeled. If it has problems, however, you can turn a so-so Second State issue into a very nice and more valuable Third State issue by having it professionally peeled.

If in cv writing doubt, you might want to consult with someone who peels them professionally. Nuig Maths? They can make a recommendation, and the pros will tell you if you have an example that would be best left alone. Whatever you do, don’t try to essays, peel a Beatles Butcher cover yourself! A sealed, unopened mono Second State Butcher cover. With most records, establishing value is usually pretty easy. Nuig Maths Homework? There is usually one version of essay should we hire, a record that’s collectible, and there’s a “going rate” for nuig, mint copies, with copies in lesser condition selling for less, with the price determined by service us sheffield, the condition.

Establishing values for Butcher covers is a bit more complex, as the price is nuig maths homework, determined by jennifers, many factors, instead of just the condition. Here are the nuig maths homework factors that help establish the “value” of a Butcher cover: State – Is it a First State, Second State, or Third State issue? Each version has their own price ranges. Format – Is the album a mono version or a stereo version? Mono copies are substantially more common than stereo copies, so stereo copies will sell for higher prices. On the other hand, the values don’t correspond to their rarity. There may be ten times as many mono copies as stereo copies, but stereo copies usually only sell for about twice as much money. Condition – As with any collectible, condition is of the utmost importance in determining the value of a Butcher cover.

The better the condition, the term torture higher the price. Copies that are still sealed in nuig homework their original factory shrinkwrap and have never been opened have sold for jennifers, astonishing amounts of homework, money. Resume? A sealed stereo First State Butcher cover sold for $75,000 in 2015. Sealed mono First State versions have sold for as much as $30,000 (with exceptions; see the next section about “Livingston” Butcher covers.) Values for unsealed, opened copies of First State issues have sold for anywhere from $5000-$25,000, depending on whether they are mono or stereo. Collectors are also interested in still sealed Second State issues. While Second State versions are more common than First State issues, sealed copies are quite rare, as most people who bought the album in 1966 opened them and played them. Sealed mono Second State versions have sold for $5000-$7000 and stereo copies have sold of upwards of $10,000. Pricing for Second State issues can vary widely, though nice mono examples often sell for $500-$1500 and stereo copies from $1000-$3000. The widest price ranges come with Third State issues, as the condition for copies seen on the market is all over the map. We’ve seen badly peeled Third State copies sell for as little as $50, and the condition was so poor that we thought even that price was generous.

Then again, truly pristine, professionally peeled stereo Third State issues have sold for as much as $3000. It all depends on homework condition. One nice thing about nss camp essay, Butcher covers is nuig maths homework, that the demand is always there, regardless of term papers torture, condition. This is the one record that everyone seems to maths homework, know about, even if they’re not Beatles collectors or even record collectors. Most record collectors, regardless of their interest in the Beatles, would like to have a copy of the infamous Beatles Butcher cover in their collection, and for those types of collectors, condition often doesn’t matter. We’ve found that badly peeled Third State versions are often the easiest ones to sell, simply because they’re the jennifers resume most affordable for maths homework, buyers. Few people have $25,000 at hand for a First State issue, but nearly everyone can find $100 or so for a badly peeled Third State version. About? Once you own one of those, you can rightly claim that you own perhaps the most famous record in all of record collecting. It’s worth noting that the prices listed above are the highest examples of nuig homework, prices paid for pristine copies of Butcher covers in various configurations. About? Most copies offered for sale sell for less, though prices can vary widely according to condition, state, format, and the fluid nature of the collecting market.

The “Livingston” Butcher Covers. A copy of the letter that accompanied some of the Livingston Butcher covers. While a First State Butcher cover is nuig, generally regarded as the cv writing service most desirable variation of the Yesterday and Today album, the ultimate example to nuig maths homework, own would be to essays, have a copy of the so-called “Livingston” Butcher covers. Alan Livingston was the president of nuig homework, Capitol Records in the 1960s, and term papers torture he signed the Beatles to Capitol Records. He was also president of the label at maths the time of the release of we hire, Yesterday and Today , and he is the man who made the decision to have the original cover withdrawn. Withdrawn they were, with most copies replaced with Second State issues with new cover slicks pasted over the original. Homework? Before the covers were altered, Livingston put twenty four sealed copies of the First State Butcher cover in a box and took them home.

Nineteen of those copies were mono, and five were stereo. Twenty years later, in assistant cover letter experience 1986, Alan Livingston’s son Peter appeared at a Beatles convention in Los Angeles with four sealed First State copies from his father’s box – two in nuig mono and jennifers two in nuig maths homework stereo. He sold three of the four records that day, and eventually sold all of them. Peter Livingston also arranged to have his father sign a notarized letter stating that he was the president of Capitol Records in the 1960s and that the accompanying record came from his personal collection. These so-called “Livingston” Butcher covers are now among the most highly sought out records in all of Beatles collecting. With so few of them available and teacher assistant cover letter the impeccable provenance that comes with the letter, the prices paid for nuig homework, Livingston Butcher covers have steadily increased since Peter Livingston sold them for $1000 (for the teacher letter mono) and maths $2500 (for a stereo copy) in 1986. It has been nearly a decade since either a mono or a stereo Livingston Butcher cover has appeared for sale, but the last mono copy sold for $44,000 and teacher assistant the last stereo copy sold for $85,000. We personally know a collector who has offered $125,000 to one of the five owners of a stereo copy, and his offer was politely declined. In time, it’s possible that a stereo Livingston Butcher cover may sell for homework, $250,000, though at least one of those owners has vowed never to resume, sell.

You can read more about the nuig homework Livingston Butcher covers here. Since the original release of Yesterday and Today in nss camp essay 1966, the album has been released in only two other countries – Canada and Japan. The Canadian release was contemporaneous with the homework American version and was intended to be issued with the same cover with the nss camp essay infamous Butcher photo. Unlike the American copies, which were already in nuig maths transit to should, distributors and retailers at the time of the recall, the Canadian pressings were still in the production stage. Because of this, no Canadian Butcher covers were ever shipped to distributors or stores. Paul White, former vice president of Capitol Records of nuig, Canada, had received two completed mono covers and a cover slick (not a completed cover) for the stereo version from the printer that was producing the cover. He gave one of the essays on transportation mono copies to an associate and nuig homework he kept the other one, along with the stereo slick. To date, no other completed Canadian mono Butcher covers have surfaced, and no completed stereo covers are known to exist. All copies shipped to papers about torture, stores from the day of release used the trunk cover photo, there are are no Canadian Second State copies in existence.

The Japanese version of nuig homework, Yesterday and nss camp essay Today was not released until 1970. Homework? All copies ever printed in that country used the resume artwork with the trunk cover. Counterfeit Butcher Covers. No, this copy is not authentic… Sooner or later, it always happens. When a manufactured commodity becomes rare and demand increases, someone tries to fill that demand. In the case of rare records, that always comes in the form of duplication, or counterfeiting. Like many rare Beatles records, such as Introducing the Beatles , the First State Butcher cover has been counterfeited on several occasions. Most of these copies can be easily detected by anyone with even passing familiarity with original 1960s Capitol Records Beatles albums. The cover construction is usually different, and the printed covers usually have a slick, rather than a slightly rough, texture to homework, them. Nss Camp Essay? The vinyl used on the records is usually thinner than those used on the originals, and many of the counterfeits are accompanied by colored vinyl records.

All original Butcher covers were shipped with black vinyl records. The going price for current counterfeit pressings is about $40, and many collectors find that to nuig, be an acceptable price. Jennifers? Be aware, however, that these pressings are unlikely to maths homework, increase in resume value in the future, as they’re only imitations and not the homework real thing. Without a doubt, the Beatles Butcher cover is the most famous and of why should we hire you infamous record in all of record collecting. They are rare, they are interesting, and they just happened to be a product of the most famous rock and roll group in the history of the medium. All of maths homework, those things combine to make the Butcher cover one of the most fascinating albums in the record collecting hobby, and of why you it’s likely that mint condition copies of all three “states” of the album will continue to rise in value in nuig the future.

It’s also amazing to look at the original cover photo some fifty years after the original release. To this day, the response from many remains unchanged from that of the public in 1966:

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ny bar essay scoring Thank you for visiting The Rail. This blog’s regular features, including live race analysis and news and notes from Joe Drape, Melissa Hoppert and others, can now be found on the sports home page. Nuig Maths Homework. This change in presentation will provide readers with a single destination for resume, all important and maths, timely horse racing news. No changes have been made in about, the reporting, editing and other resources devoted to nuig homework, our horse racing coverage. Essays On Transportation. Thank you for reading. This Summer, New York Loves Horse Racing. Say what you will about the wisdom, or the inadvisability, of government’s direct involvement in horse racing in New York, there are certain programmatic areas in which a close collaboration with the state can have a powerful and nuig homework, positive impact. To that end, and for the first time in the 36-year history of New York State’s iconic “I Love NY” tourism campaign, a thrilling action image of horse racing is featured on the cover of the service, state’s annual summer travel guide – its signature promotional publication.

The splashy color photo features horses captured in midair as they land over a steeplechase obstacle on the turf homestretch at nuig homework Saratoga Race Course. Term Papers About Torture. The Eclipse Award-winning photographer Skip Dickstein shot the photo for The Albany Times Union, which allowed the state to use it for this year’s guide. Published in nuig, both print and online editions, the of why should we hire, travel guide is produced by the New York State Department of nuig maths homework Economic Development’s Division of Tourism and resume, has long been one of the essential tools used to promote New York as a destination to nuig, consumers. Our scoring system was pretty rudimentary: 3 points for picking a winner, 2 points for choosing a horse to place (who comes in second or better), and 1 point for predicting a horse to show (who comes in third or better). We’ve used it consistently to pick every Triple Crown race since the The Rail’s inception six seasons ago, and here’s a look at how the blog’s contributors have fared. (Melissa Hoppert leads with 32 points, and Jim Squires — who sat out 2010 — is second with 28 points.) We did not use bonus points for upsets and underdogs, but Joe Drape did pick long-shot winners Animal Kingdom and Palace Malice. And in case you’re wondering, Melissa also had the best single season (10 out of a possible 18 points in 2010), and only Joe and Peter Blair put points on the board every year. The Rail’s celebrity guest pickers, who joined us beginning in 2009, totaled 17 points. The highest among them was Bob Bowman, the coach of the Olympic champion swimmer Michael Phelps, who tallied 4 points in the 2009 Preakness. (Fun fact: Bowman and Phelps are horse owners now.) Bobby Flay, our first and only two-time guest, was shut out on both tries. Q. and A. With John Nerud: Still Saratoga Dreaming at 100. For John Nerud, even at 100 years old, the memories of Saratoga remain remarkably fresh and vivid, slices of an jennifers amazing life.

And as Saratoga prepares to celebrate its 150th anniversary as one of homework America’s most treasured thoroughbred racing landscapes, Nerud is papers eager to nuig homework, join the essay of why should, lovefest. From a young, untested groom in nuig homework, his early 20s to one of the country’s most accomplished Hall of Fame trainers and nss camp essay, horsemen, Nerud has seen it all. And you sense the sincerity when he says of Saratoga, “That’s why it’s so popular, because it’s kept its charm.” During a recent interview from his home in Old Brookville, N.Y., Nerud answered a range of questions about maths Saratoga, racing and essays on transportation, horses he loved and nuig maths homework, respected. When did you go to Saratoga for the first time? Probably around 1937. I had come there on a horse cart.

I had been in Cuba and Charlestown. I went to Saratoga for the first time, and sleeping conditions were pretty rough. On Transportation. But you go out to the racetrack, and you can always find a bed. I had a little money and had breakfast, but I didn’t have a job then, so it was back for lunch.There was a Frenchman running the maths, kitchen, and I told him that I’d like something to eat and didn’t have any money. And he looked straight at me and term, said, “Will you work?” I said, “You betcha I will, and maths, I can work.” He reached under the counter and threw me a $20 meal ticket. Teacher Letter Experience. That was like a piece of a horse.

In the evening, he had me a job. I went down to Mrs. Jock Whitney’s private stable, and I went to work for her. She had a jumping stable, and, of nuig maths homework course, you had the best places to sleep and the best equipment available and an absolutely marvelous, beautiful stable. And we ran one horse at the meeting, and he fell. After Long Battle With Illness, Paynter Is Set to Make Return to Racetrack. 7:39 p.m. | Update Paynter’s return to the races, was nothing short of sensational. Assistant Letter With Experience. Hurried out of the homework, gate, Paynter took control of Friday’s allowance race early while being put under pressure from Majestic City. Coming off the turn, Paynter was allowed to draw away and won under mild encouragement by more than four lengths, earning a 114 Beyer speed figure. Paynter is cv writing scheduled to nuig, make his first start Friday, in an allowance race at Hollywood Park, since his spectacular Grade I victory in the Haskell Stakes in nss camp essay, July. Nuig Homework. Since that time, Paynter sustained a life-threatening bout of papers colitis, as well as laminitis.

It is remarkable that he is nuig homework alive, let alone racing again. Paynter was a lightly raced colt last year, not yet ready for the challenges of the early parts of the nss camp essay, Triple Crown series. On Preakness day, he ran in an allowance race on the undercard. He won that race with ease. In the Belmont Stakes, he tried to go wire-to-wire and was narrowly defeated by Union Rags.

Union Rags was later retired with a leg injury. Paynter regrouped and went into the second part of his 3-year-old campaign as one of the potential stars of the sport. The three top horses from the Triple Crown, I’ll Have Another, Bodemeister and nuig maths, Union Rags, had been retired. A win in cv writing, the Travers Stakes would have made Paynter a legitimate candidate for homework, year-end honors. Service. In the Haskell, it appeared that he could dominate the field; he was sent off as the even-money favorite. He won the race by an impressive three and nuig maths, three-quarters lengths.

On July 29, two days after winning the Haskell, Paynter developed a fever and pneumonia; he was sent to the Mid Atlantic Equine Medical Center in New Jersey. Nss Camp Essay. Shortly after this episode he was shipped to Belmont Park and then to Saratoga, for his recovery. His participation in the Travers was put in doubt. Dominguez, a Top Rider, Is Forced to Retire After a Head Injury. Ramon Dominguez announced his retirement from riding Thursday, after his doctors told him he could not risk another head injury. Dominguez, 36, was at the top of his game on nuig maths Jan.

18 when a horse he was riding got tangled with a competitor and threw him to the hard Aqueduct inner dirt track. Essays On Transportation. He then took a kick to the head from a horse coming from behind him, fracturing his skull. His future has been uncertain since, and after months of rehabilitation and a final round of nuig maths visits with specialists, Dominguez said he would not return. “Riding thoroughbreds has always been my passion and my calling,” Dominguez said in a statement. Nss Camp Essay. “When I was 13 and watched my first horse race in Venezuela, I knew that I would become a jockey, and my riding career has brought happiness and nuig maths, success beyond what I ever expected. “While I hoped and service us sheffield, even expected to nuig homework, be able to return to the saddle, as a result of my injuries and upon should the advice of nuig my treating physicians, it has been determined that I will no longer be able to pursue my career as a jockey.” Surprises Add Luster to a Season Without a Crown. In February, it starts with the annual listing of horses that are nominated for the Triple Crown. I print it, grab my highlighters and start color coding. I highlight horses I am familiar with, their trainers, where they were bred, anything unusual.

I study the names, the dams, the cv writing service us sheffield, sires and the owners. I look up their accomplishments as 2-year-olds. Some of them I have already seen and cheered on. Others are unknown. But this pristine list, now colorful and nuig, scribbled upon, is neatly folded up and placed in my purse, where I will drag it around the essay of why should we hire, country studying it every weekend until the Kentucky Derby.

This year, there were 369 3-year-olds nominated from the nuig, 26,000 foals born in 2010. Bob Baffert had 23 on the list. Todd Pletcher had 29 nominees. D. Wayne Lukas had 11. There were seven fillies to watch. I even noted who the 34 grays were. In March, I carefully added the jennifers resume, 13 late nominees. Nuig Homework. Had I chosen my Derby horse? Not yet. But I was watching.

After a Taxing Campaign, Orb Enjoys a Relaxing Retreat. If you’re a clover plant in northeastern Maryland, be very afraid. Should We Hire. The Kentucky Derby winner Orb checked into the Fair Hill Equine Therapy Center on Sunday afternoon and, if Wednesday’s visit was any indication, he’s not in town for the views. He’s here for the grass. “I get him out here, he does not want to go back to the barn,” Mike Call said while grazing the 3-year-old colt. “The first day, he looked at nuig maths all the grass and had this look like, Where am I?” The therapy center is a barn/training facility within the grounds of term papers Fair Hill Training Center. There are stalls, shedrows, round pens, turnout paddocks and maths, some state-of-the-art therapeutic options like a hyperbaric chamber, water treadmill and cv writing service, cold saltwater spa. There are also acres of grass, and Orb will get his share. His daily schedule starts with a walk, then a two-hour grazing/wandering session with Call, then some round-pen time, lunch, more grazing, a session in the hyperbaric chamber, more grazing and homework, then dinner.

Read more… Q. and A. Essays On Transportation. With Bobby Flay: Cooking Is Only One of His Passions. The celebrity chef and horse breeder and owner Bobby Flay, who fell in love with the sport when his grandfather took him to Saratoga when he was 16, was honored with the Earle I. Mack Thoroughbred Retirement Foundation Champion Award at the inaugural Belmont Stakes Charity Celebration on Thursday night. The award is given to an individual for homework, outstanding efforts and influence on racehorse welfare, safety and papers, retirement. Flay, a newly appointed board member of the New York Racing Association, has raised hundreds of thousands of dollars for thoroughbred retirement and is an outspoken proponent of owners’ responsibility to their horses. The event, held at Flay’s Bar Americain in maths, Midtown, raised more than $450,000 for the Grayson-Jockey Club Research Foundation and the Thoroughbred Retirement Foundation.

How important are these charities to you? I just think that thoroughbred aftercare in general is something that needs to be part of should we hire you what we do. It’s almost unfortunate that we have to nuig homework, have these events. We shouldn’t have to cover with, have them. People should be responsible enough to maths, take care of their own horses. Not practically, but financially — that you make sure that they’re O.K. after they finish racing. Obviously that’s not going to nss camp essay, happen overnight, so I think just making people aware and getting people to understand that these horses are living, breathing, incredible animals.

They are not machines. Even though they sometimes seem like they are machines because they are so incredible, they are not. Maths Homework. And they need to be cared for. Essay: Medication Continues to essays, Stifle America’s Triple Crown Hopes. It is nuig maths homework no coincidence that there has not been a Triple Crown winner since the administration of raceday Lasix became the standard for Kentucky Derby runners some 35 or so years ago. An understanding and appreciation of the veterinary science of equine behavior are necessary to elucidate how raceday Lasix impoverishes the medical welfare of racehorses, and why permissive raceday and torture, day-before medication should be banned in American horseracing to nuig homework, protect the heath and assistant letter with, welfare of the racehorses and the sport.

The data from non-Lasix, non-raceday medication jurisdictions indicates clean-running horses sustain significantly fewer breakdowns than horses running on Lasix in America. All the while, the overseas horses experience longer, more racing-durable careers. Frankel and Black Caviar are poster horses for maths homework, raceday-medication-free durability. Over the jennifers, last few years in the United States and nuig maths homework, Canada, we have watched two raceday-medicated horses break down for every 1,000 starts. Resume. Meanwhile, the homework, overseas jurisdictions that do not allow raceday injections of performance-enhancing drugs experience less than one breakdown for every 2,000 starts while reporting no overwhelming or significant problems with bleeding. Nss Camp Essay. Jurisdictions that do not allow horses to be injected with drugs hours and days before they race have clearly demonstrated that restricted-medication racing is nuig maths safer than medicated racing. The Healer Behind the Belmont Winner of 1963. On June 8, 1963, Chateaugay, owned by Darby Dan Farm, trained by J. P. Conway and ridden by Braulio Baeza, won the teacher assistant letter with experience, Belmont Stakes at Aqueduct. With wind down the backstretch, he finished the one-and-one-half-mile race in 2:30.20 seconds, establishing a track record for that distance. Before this race, there was no track record at Aqueduct for this distance.

Chateaugay went off the second choice at 9-2, beating the favorite Candy Spots, who went off at homework 1-2. While many in the crowd were disgruntled by Chateaugay’s win, probably few were surprised because he was the second favorite. And probably only a very few were actually amazed by Chateaugay’s accomplishment. Among those amazed by Chateaugay’s Classic victory was his jockey, Braulio Baeza. In a recent phone conversation with Baeza, he relayed to us that only 12 months earlier, he piloted the then 2-year-old Chateaugay on a half-mile work at Belmont Park and thought the service, horse was “weakening under him.” The horse just couldn’t breathe. Nuig Homework. Conway, Chateaugay’s trainer, monitored the on transportation, colt’s work, observing he couldn’t run any farther. There was hope that Chateaugay had promising racing potential as his older full sister was Primonetta, also trained by Conway. She won the 1961 Prioress Stakes, Delaware Oaks and Alabama Stakes.

At this same time, in nuig maths, June 1962, Baeza rode Primonetta on her return start for her 4-year-old campaign, a race she won by 20-plus lengths. Of Why We Hire You. Primonetta would go on nuig maths homework to win six more races that year, including the Spinster Stakes, and be named Handicap Filly or Mare Champion of 1962. Philotimo: a Horse Rescue Success Story. There are horses who can uplift, cause a chuckle, spur a memory. Essay Should. Philotimo is a 6-year-old off-the-track chestnut thoroughbred gelding.

He’s transitioning to life as a riding horse. When he’s ready, he’ll compete in classes for retired racehorses as well as in open-company horse trials and events. Summer Brennan, his trainer, has big plans for him. His path to Brennan has been fraught. Seven months ago, the condition of Philotimo caused me to shudder.

He was depressed and nuig homework, starved enough that you could almost hang a jacket off his protruding hips or place a coffee cup on cv writing service the shelf at the top of his rib cage. The look on his face was blank, and his coat was rough with rain rot. Fast-forward to June. It’s hard to reconcile the maths, perky, on-the-mend Timo with the teacher cover with experience, wreck of a creature in from November. He is thriving. He has gained hundreds of nuig maths pounds and is starting to essays on transportation, muscle up. Timo’s recovery is not spontaneous. It is owed to the intercession of Heather Van Oort, Jaime Kalisz, Lynn Cross of Little Brook Farm and the Equine Clinic at Oakencroft, working together to bring Timo back from the precipice. The Rail’s Final Scoreboard, Year 6. Scoring points in maths homework, each Triple Crown race this year, Jim Squires won the crown (using a 3-2-1 point breakdown for win-place-show) as The Rail’s 2013 handicapping champion, beating Joe Drape, who correctly picked Palace Malice to resume, win the Belmont. How did our guest pickers do?

Patricia Barnstable-Brown, a co-host of the celebrity-packed Barnstable Brown Gala, earned 3 points as a guest picker in the Kentucky Derby, Mayor Stephanie C. Rawlings-Blake of Baltimore scored 1 point in maths, the Preakness, and the celebrity chef Bobby Flay was shut out in the Belmont. Aiken: A Special Place Where the Horse Rules. When Dogwood Stable’s president and chief cheerleader, W. Cothran Campbell, who is known as Cot, expressed his delight at winning the Belmont Stakes with Palace Malice, he included in his winner’s circle remarks an acknowledgement of the small city of Aiken, S.C., the home base for his racing partnership operation. Over the years, I’d clipped several magazine articles about Aiken — a city of nearly 30,000 about 20 miles northeast of Augusta, Ga. — knowing that a visit there would be in my future at some point. In early February, I finally had a chance to spend a few days in assistant cover with, Aiken to nuig maths homework, visit with a horsewoman friend who was spending the winter there. Cv Writing Us Sheffield. I jumped at the chance to escape the snows and chill of upstate New York and tour the town that had long been on my bucket list of must-see destinations. I’d long known of Aiken’s history as a winter haven for thoroughbreds, from reading about racing luminaries like the Hall of Fame trainer Mackenzie Miller, who spent winters there freshening horses and starting 2-year-olds from barns at the storied Aiken Training Track, also within the city along Two Notch Road.

Animal Kingdom a Favorite in Britain Ahead of Royal Ascot. Animal Kingdom is nuig homework fast becoming a favorite among the British betting public. He is of why should a favorite in the ante-post betting markets for the Queen Anne Stakes (Group 1) on nuig maths homework the opening day at Royal Ascot, being offered at 4-5 and even money in places. Those are short odds for a foreign invader, in a race that is more than a week away. Britons love their ante-post wagering ahead of big events. Animal Kingdom’s favoritism is on transportation a result of bullish work reports that have been coming steadily over the last few weeks from maths homework his base at David Lanigan’s Lambourn yard, as well as his credentials. Animal Kingdom won the nss camp essay, Kentucky Derby and most recently won the Dubai World Cup.

He was also an maths unlucky second in the Breeders’ Cup Mile off an eight-month layoff. Animal Kingdom will be the torture, first Kentucky Derby winner to race at the Royal Ascot since the Triple Crown winner Omaha, who raced in the two-and-a-half mile Ascot Gold Cup in 1936. Omaha lost that race to nuig maths, a filly named Quashed, the winner of the Epsom Oaks the year before. The Rail, with Joe Drape, The New York Times's horse racing reporter, and others from the racing community, gives readers a look at the race for service, the Triple Crown. Maths Homework. From the paddock to the starting gate to the winner's circle, The Rail provides an insider's view of the action.

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2016 Premier’s ANZAC Spirit School Prize Essay Frederick William Gum. On the nuig homework 20th of May 1918, in essay of why should we hire, the district Vaire-sous-Corbie a brave ANZAC by the name, Frederick William Gum, was shelled so far away form home#8230;a few months away from victory. His grieving mother, Annie Gum, received one package containing a diary. It was the tattered remnants of her son#8217;s final months; a young man who made the ultimate sacrifice for homework his country. Frederick William Gum was born on the 23rd of March 1892 at Fair View Farm, Amyton, South Australia, the service us sheffield first of 4 sons to William Gum and maths homework Annie Gray.

As a young boy he attended Amyton Public School built 1894. Amyton Public school was subject to ever changing teachers, making it hard for papers about torture the children to learn. for a while, Mr F. Mullet was Fredercik#8217;s teacher until he was transferred to Golden Grove in 1904 and succeeded by Mr J. Bourke (Flinders Ranges Research, 1996). Despite schooling troubles, Frederick exceeded expectations and became an expert mechanic for the Sunshine Harvesting Company in Victoria. Before the nuig war started he was send on business trip to of why should we hire you, Argentina as an expert for the company, but returned in March of 1916. Frederick enlisted on maths homework, May 10th 1916. He was the first of his close and essays on transportation extended family to enlist in maths homework, the A.I.F, starting to display the courage of a true ANZAC.

Frederick#8217;s younger brother, Percy Norman Gum, enlisted on September 11th of the same year. both brothers were placed in teh 5th Pioneer Battalion however Frederick was in the 4th Reinforcement, C Company. Essays? Although Frederick wasn#8217;t a part of Australia#8217;s courageous preliminary forces, soon after arriving home, after being away from his family for almost 2 years, he went straight to nuig maths, enlist and fight for the country he loved so dearly. His family was important to teacher with, him, but what about his mate#8217;s families? What about the families of Australia? Frederick knew what he had to fight to protect Australia, even without spending time with those he loved most. I believe that this shows the ANZAC spirit magnificently.

Many ask what the spirit of the ANZAC actually is. It is the creation of many as to how Australians represented themselves during the First World War. Nuig Homework? Historians coined the phrase #8220;ANZAC legend#8221; referring to how Australian#8217;s thought, spoke and wrote about their experiences of on transportation, war. An ANZAC with true spirit is seen as having endurance, courage, ingenuity, good humour and mateship, most qualities that everyone strives to have. However, in Australia, these are seen as the nuig homework qualities of our patriotism. Frederick embarked from Outer Harbour on the 14th of assistant cover with experience, August 1916, a two month long journey on A53 HMAT ltria, disembarking at Plymouth on the 30th of maths homework, October 1916 (Fig. 13,14).

Then he proceeded overseas to Estapies, France, per the Princess Victoria. Then, with his regiment Frederick marched out onto the bloodiest and most putrid battlefields in known history. He was taken on strength (officially a part of the 5th Pioneer Battalion) on the 7th of February 1917. On this day he was officially Private Frederick William Gum 2365, 4th reinforcement of the 5th Pioneer Battalion. He joined C Company in digging new trenches, maintaining old communication trenches and other manual labour as this was why the of why should we hire 5th Pioneer Battalion was created on the 3rd of March 1916 in Egypt (C. Martin 2016, F.H. Stevens 1937) The wet and nuig maths homework disease-filled trenches, guns firing at nss camp essay, an almost constant rate were his constant companions. There was rarely any sleep for himself and his fellow comrades, barely gaining any territory into No Man#8217;s Land. Boots were scarce as well as the food. After one horrible year in these conditions, Frederick proceeded on nuig, leave to the U.K. for exactly 15 days in February of 1918, returning to his battalion on essay of why should we hire, 22nd of homework, February (Figures 13,14).

However Frederick William Gum passed on the 20th of May 1918 along with 2 others in his party, Privates Archie Bowie and Young. They were working on a strong point outside the town of Ptes when out of nss camp essay, nowhere, shellfire rained upon nuig maths homework them, sadly killing them instantly. Together these three men now rest in peace int eh Aubigny British Cemtery, France. Frederick lies in lot number D.12 next to his fallen comrades. Even in today#8217;s society, #8220;ANZAC spirit#8221; still lives on nss camp essay, in many Australians. In cases of national disaster such as earthquakes, storms or bush fires, media displays the people who selflessly put their lives at risk to help out however they can. Frederick displays every quality that contributes to the ANZAC Spirit. Frederick endured a long, hard year and maths a half in the wintery, quagmire ofthe Somme stomaching through it with mates at his side. Service? He left his family to fight for his country; he spent less than a month with them before he travelled a long distance to nuig homework, Adelaide, to enlist.

This showed the courage it took to leave his struggling family behind. In the Argentine he had already been using his ingenuity to contribute to essays, an empire in nuig maths, the farming industry, and again he displayed that during his time as an ANZAC, once being a Base engineer before leaving for France. After his death Chronicle wrote #8220;Private Gum was well liked wherever he went, and on transportation made many firm friends by reason of his of nuig homework, June 1918, page 39).genuine good-fellowship and happy nature#8221; (Chronicle Saturday 15 June, 1918, page 39). Frederick showed his mateship in his final hours with a Pvt Young and Bowie. All three men displayed the service ANZAC Spirit in whilst working on a strong point. Still reeling from the nuig maths fact one of their mates was killed by a shell a few days earlier, all three men soldiered on.

They endured heavy shell fire, their courage carried them through hell, their ingenuity allowed them to keep working on teacher cover with, the strong hold. It#8217;s plausible that Frederick would#8217;ve made a joke to boost the morale of his mates before the shell hit, killing all three. It is homework near impossible to essays on transportation, imagine the nuig homework grief and pain felt by Frederick#8217;s mother and father, when the news reached them back in Australia. Not only had Percy been gassed and placed in hospital, but Frederick had lost his life in a distant country far from his family on the other side of the world. I#8217;m not entirely sure but it appears that William and Annie spent some time apart after their son#8217;s passing, with Annie staying in their Fairview farm, whilst William lived in Margaret Street Walkerville.

It appears that Annie was told of Frederick#8217;s death but hadn#8217;t discussed it with William. He wrote a letter on you, September 26 1918 asking for homework date and register of death for about Frederick. After this debacle, William, Annie and their children lived lengthy lives. Annie applied for Frederick to be issued into the Roll of nuig maths homework, Honour of Australian in the Memorial War Museum. Now a plaque dedicated to Frederick William gum resides at panel 174 in the Australian War Memorial. Frederick William Gum is service us sheffield my Great, Great Uncle. His sister Laura Annie Gum had a child by the name Ray Thompson, this man is maths homework my aunt#8217;s father and my grandfather by marriage. If I hadn#8217;t written this essay Frederick may ha#8217;.(e been all but forgotten.

Life seemed to be so cruel for this young man in an aspiring career, whose existence was cut short at the early age of 26. I find small comfort in cv writing service, this, to think now that he has been remembered for his bravery and ANZAC spirit he smiles upon me in his place in heaven. I feel that I have the utmost honour and privilege to tell this inspiring young Aussie#8217;s astonishing story. One day I hope that I will perhaps place a poppy on his sacred grave stone wishing that I could#8217;ve met him sometime in my life. I will remember him. We will remember them. Lest we forget. Read the PDF version of the essay below:

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essays heroism Paradise is under the shadow of swords. Ruby wine is drunk by knaves, Sugar spends to fatten slaves, Rose and vine-leaf deck buffoons; Thunderclouds are Jove's festoons, Drooping oft in wreaths of dread Lightning-knotted round his head; The hero is not fed on sweets, Daily his own heart he eats; Chambers of the maths great are jails, And head-winds right for royal sails. In the elder English dramaetcher, there is a constant recognition of gentility, as if a noble behaviour were as easily marked in the society of their age, as color is in our American population. When any Rodrigo, Pedro, or Valerio enters, though he be a stranger, the duke or governor exclaims, This is a gentleman,-- and proffers civilities without end; but all the rest are slag and refuse. In harmony with this delight in personal advantages, there is in their plays a certain heroic cast of character and dialogue,--as in Bonduca, Sophocles, the Mad Lover, the Double Marriage,--wherein the speaker is so earnest and cordial, and on such deep grounds of character, that the dialogue, on jennifers the slightest additional incident in the plot, rises naturally into poetry. Among many texts, take the following. The Roman Martius has conquered Athens,--all but the invincible spirits of Sophocles, the duke of Athens, and Dorigen, his wife. The beauty of the latter inflames Martius, and he seeks to maths, save her husband; but Sophocles will not ask his life, although assured that a word will save him, and the execution of both proceeds. Valerius . Bid thy wife farewell. Soph . No, I will take no leave.

My Dorigen, Yonder, above, 'bout Ariadne's crown, My spirit shall hover for thee. Jennifers Resume. Prithee, haste. Dor . Stay, Sophocles,--with this tie up my sight; Let not soft nature so transformed be, And lose her gentler sexed humanity, To make me see my lord bleed. So, 't is well;

Never one object underneath the sun. Will I behold before my Sophocles: Farewell; now teach the Romans how to die. Mar . Nuig Maths. Dost know what 't is to die? Soph . Thou dost not, Martius, And, therefore, not what 't is to papers torture, live; to die Is to begin to live.

It is to homework, end. An old, stale, weary work, and to commence. A newer and a better. 'T is to leave. Deceitful knaves for the society. Of gods and goodness. Thou thyself must part. At last from all thy garlands, pleasures, triumphs, And prove thy fortitude what then 't will do.

Val . But art not grieved nor vexed to service us sheffield, leave thy life thus? Soph . Maths. Why should I grieve or vex for being sent. To them I ever loved best? Now I'll kneel, But with my back toward thee; 't is the should you last duty. This trunk can do the gods. Mar . Strike, strike, Valerius, Or Martius' heart will leap out at maths homework his mouth: This is a man, a woman!

Kiss thy lord, And live with all the teacher cover letter with freedom you were wont. O love! thou doubly hast afflicted me. With virtue and with beauty. Treacherous heart, My hand shall cast thee quick into homework my urn, Ere thou transgress this knot of piety.

Val . What ails my brother? Soph . Martius, O Martius, Thou now hast found a way to conquer me. Dor . O star of term about, Rome! what gratitude can speak. Fit words to follow such a deed as this? Mar. Nuig Homework. This admirable duke, Valerius, With his disdain of essay should we hire you, fortune and of death,

Captived himself, has captivated me, And though my arm hath ta'en his body here, His soul hath subjugated Martius' soul. By Romulus, he is all soul, I think; He hath no flesh, and spirit cannot be gyved; Then we have vanquished nothing; he is maths, free,

And Martius walks now in nss camp essay captivity. I do not readily remember any poem, play, sermon, novel, or oration, that our press vents in the last few years, which goes to the same tune. We have a great many flutes and flageolets, but not often the sound of any fife. Yet, Wordsworth's Laodamia, and the ode of Dion, and some sonnets, have a certain noble music; and Scott will sometimes draw a stroke like the protrait of Lord Evandale, given by Balfour of Burley. Maths. Thomas Carlyle, with his natural taste for essays on transportation, what is manly and daring in character, has suffered no heroic trait in his favorites to drop from nuig maths homework his biographical and historical pictures. Earlier, Robert Burns has given us a song or two.

In the Harleian Miscellanies, there is an service us sheffield, account of the battle of Lutzen, which deserves to be read. And Simon Ockley's History of the homework Saracens recounts the nss camp essay prodigies of individual valor with admiration, all the more evident on the part of the narrator, that he seems to nuig maths homework, think that his place in jennifers resume Christian Oxford requires of him some proper protestations of abhorrence. But, if we explore the literature of Heroism, we shall quickly come to Plutarch, who is its Doctor and historian. To him we owe the Brasidas, the Dion, the Epaminondas, the Scipio of homework, old, and I must think we are more deeply indebted to him than to service us sheffield, all the ancient writers. Each of nuig maths homework, his Lives is a refutation to the despondency and cowardice of cv writing, our religious and political theorists. A wild courage, a Stoicism not of the schools, but of the blood, shines in every anecdote, and has given that book its immense fame. We need books of this tart cathartic virtue, more than books of political science, or of private economy.

Life is a festival only to the wise. Seen from the nook and chimney-side of prudence, it wears a ragged and dangerous front. The violations of the laws of nature by our predecessors and our contemporaries are punished in us also. The disease and deformity around us certify the infraction of natural, intellectual, and moral laws, and often violation on violation to breed such compound misery. A lock-jaw that bends a man's head back to his heels, hydrophobia, that makes him bark at nuig maths homework his wife and babes, insanity, that makes him eat grass; war, plague, cholera, famine, indicate a certain ferocity in nature, which, as it had its inlet by human crime, must have its outlet by human suffering. Unhappily, no man exists who has not in his own person become, to some amount, a stockholder in the sin, and nss camp essay so made himself liable to a share in the expiation.

Our culture, therefore, must not omit the arming of the man. Nuig Maths Homework. Let him hear in season, that he is born into the state of war, and that the commonwealth and cv writing service his own well-being require that he should not go dancing in the weeds of nuig maths homework, peace, but warned, self-collected, and neither defying nor dreading the thunder, let him take both reputation and life in nss camp essay his hand, and, with perfect urbanity, dare the gibbet and the mob by the absolute truth of his speech, and the rectitude of his behaviour. Towards all this external evil, the man within the breast assumes a warlike attitude, and affirms his ability to cope single-handed with the infinite army of enemies. To this military attitude of the soul we give the nuig maths homework name of Heroism. Its rudest form is the teacher cover experience contempt for safety and ease, which makes the attractiveness of war. Nuig Maths Homework. It is a self-trust which slights the restraints of prudence, in the plenitude of its energy and power to repair the harms it may suffer. The hero is a mind of such balance that no disturbances can shake his will, but pleasantly, and, as it were, merrily, he advances to his own music, alike in frightful alarms and in the tipsy mirth of universal dissoluteness.

There is somewhat not philosophical in heroism; there is somewhat not holy in it; it seems not to know that other souls are of one texture with it; it has pride; it is the extreme of individual nature. Nevertheless, we must profoundly revere it. There is somewhat in resume great actions, which does not allow us to go behind them. Heroism feels and nuig homework never reasons, and therefore is always right; and although a different breeding, different religion, and greater intellectual activity would have modified or even reversed the particular action, yet for the hero that thing he does is the nss camp essay highest deed, and is not open to nuig maths, the censure of jennifers, philosophers or divines. It is the avowal of the unschooled man, that he finds a quality in him that is negligent of maths homework, expense, of health, of life, of danger, of hatred, of nss camp essay, reproach, and knows that his will is homework, higher and more excellent than all actual and all possible antagonists. Heroism works in contradiction to the voice of mankind, and in contradiction, for a time, to the voice of the great and good. Heroism is an obedience to a secret impulse of an essay we hire you, individual's character. Now to no other man can its wisdom appear as it does to him, for every man must be supposed to see a little farther on his own proper path than any one else.

Therefore, just and wise men take umbrage at his act, until after some little time be past: then they see it to be in unison with their acts. All prudent men see that the action is clean contrary to a sensual prosperity; for every heroic act measures itself by its contempt of some external good. But it finds its own success at last, and then the prudent also extol. Self-trust is the essence of heroism. It is the state of the soul at war, and its ultimate objects are the nuig maths last defiance of falsehood and wrong, and the power to bear all that can be inflicted by evil agents. It speaks the truth, and it is just, generous, hospitable, temperate, scornful of petty calculations, and scornful of being scorned.

It persists; it is assistant letter with, of an undaunted boldness, and nuig of a fortitude not to be wearied out. Its jest is the littleness of common life. That false prudence which dotes on health and wealth is the essays on transportation butt and merriment of heroism. Heroism, like Plotinus, is almost ashamed of nuig homework, its body. What shall it say, then, to the sugar-plums and cats'-cradles, to the toilet, compliments, quarrels, cards, and custard, which rack the essays wit of all society. What joys has kind nature provided for us dear creatures! There seems to be no interval between greatness and meanness. When the spirit is not master of the world, then it is maths, its dupe. Yet the little man takes the great hoax so innocently, works in it so headlong and believing, is born red, and dies gray, arranging his toilet, attending on his own health, laying traps for sweet food and essay we hire you strong wine, setting his heart on maths homework a horse or a rifle, made happy with a little gossip or a little praise, that the great soul cannot choose but laugh at such earnest nonsense. Indeed, these humble considerations make me out of love with greatness.

What a disgrace is it to me to take note how many pairs of silk stockings thou hast, namely, these and those that were the peach-colored ones; or to bear the cover inventory of thy shirts, as one for superfluity, and one other for use! Citizens, thinking after the laws of arithmetic, consider the inconvenience of receiving strangers at nuig maths their fireside, reckon narrowly the loss of essay of why you, time and the unusual display: the soul of nuig maths homework, a better quality thrusts back the unseasonable economy into the vaults of resume, life, and says, I will obey the God, and the sacrifice and the fire he will provide. Ibn Haukal, the Arabian geographer, describes a heroic extreme in the hospitality of Sogd, in Bukharia. When I was in Sogd, I saw a great building, like a palace, the gates of which were open and fixed back to the wall with large nails. I asked the reason, and was told that the homework house had not been shut, night or day, for a hundred years. Strangers may present themselves at any hour, and in whatever number; the master has amply provided for the reception of the men and nss camp essay their animals, and is never happier than when they tarry for some time. Nothing of the kind have I seen in maths any other country.

The magnanimous know very well that they who give time, or money, or shelter, to assistant cover with, the stranger--so it be done for nuig, love, and not for ostentation--do, as it were, put God under obligation to them, so perfect are the cover compensations of the nuig maths universe. Term Papers About. In some way the time they seem to lose is redeemed, and the pains they seem to homework, take remunerate themselves. These men fan the flame of human love, and raise the standard of civil virtue among mankind. But hospitality must be for term papers about torture, service, and not for show, or it pulls down the nuig homework host. The brave soul rates itself too high to value itself by cover with, the splendor of its table and draperies. It gives what it hath, and all it hath, but its own majesty can lend a better grace to bannocks and fair water than belong to maths, city feasts. The temperance of the hero proceeds from the same wish to do no dishonor to the worthiness he has. Resume. But he loves it for its elegancy, not for its austerity.

It seems not worth his while to be solemn, and denounce with bitterness flesh-eating or wine-drinking, the use of tobacco, or opium, or tea, or silk, or gold. A great man scarcely knows how he dines, how he dresses; but without railing or precision, his living is natural and maths homework poetic. John Eliot, the Indian Apostle, drank water, and said of wine,--It is on transportation, a noble, generous liquor, and we should be humbly thankful for it, but, as I remember, water was made before it. Better still is the temperance of King David, who poured out on homework the ground unto the Lord the water which three of his warriors had brought him to drink, at the peril of their lives. It is told of Brutus, that when he fell on essays on transportation his sword, after the battle of Philippi, he quoted a line of Euripides,--O virtue! I have followed thee through life, and I find thee at last but a shade. Maths. I doubt not the hero is term papers, slandered by maths homework, this report. The heroic soul does not sell its justice and jennifers resume its nobleness. It does not ask to dine nicely, and to sleep warm. The essence of greatness is the perception that virtue is enough. Poverty is its ornament.

It does not need plenty, and can very well abide its loss. But that which takes my fancy most, in the heroic class, is the good-humor and nuig maths hilarity they exhibit. It is a height to which common duty can very well attain, to suffer and to dare with solemnity. But these rare souls set opinion, success, and life, at so cheap a rate, that they will not soothe their enemies by petitions, or the show of about torture, sorrow, but wear their own habitual greatness. Scipio, charged with peculation, refuses to do himself so great a disgrace as to wait for justification, though he had the nuig maths scroll of his accounts in his hands, but tears it to pieces before the tribunes. Socrates's condemnation of himself to be maintained in all honor in the Prytaneum, during his life, and Sir Thomas More's playfulness at the scaffold, are of the same strain. In Beaumont and Fletcher's Sea Voyage, Juletta tells the stout captain and his company,-- Jul. Why, slaves, 't is in our power to term papers torture, hang ye.

Master . Very likely, 'T is in our powers, then, to be hanged, and scorn ye. These replies are sound and whole. Sport is the bloom and glow of a perfect health. The great will not condescend to take any thing seriously; all must be as gay as the nuig song of a canary, though it were the building of cities, or the eradication of old and foolish churches and us sheffield nations, which have cumbered the nuig maths homework earth long thousands of years. Simple hearts put all the history and customs of this world behind them, and play their own game in innocent defiance of the Blue-Laws of the world; and such would appear, could we see the human race assembled in vision, like little children frolicking together; though, to the eyes of mankind at us sheffield large, they wear a stately and maths solemn garb of nss camp essay, works and influences. The interest these fine stories have for us, the power of a romance over the boy who grasps the forbidden book under his bench at school, our delight in maths homework the hero, is the main fact to our purpose. All these great and transcendent properties are ours. If we dilate in beholding the Greek energy, the Roman pride, it is that we are already domesticating the same sentiment. Cover. Let us find room for this great guest in our small houses. Maths. The first step of worthiness will be to disabuse us of us sheffield, our superstitious associations with places and times, with number and size. Why should these words, Athenian, Roman, Asia, and England, so tingle in the ear?

Where the homework heart is, there the muses, there the gods sojourn, and not in nss camp essay any geography of fame. Massachusetts, Connecticut River, and Boston Bay, you think paltry places, and the ear loves names of foreign and classic topography. But here we are; and, if we will tarry a little, we may come to learn that here is nuig maths, best. See to it, only, that thyself is here;--and art and nature, hope and fate, friends, angels, and cv writing the Supreme Being, shall not be absent from the chamber where thou sittest. Epaminondas, brave and affectionate, does not seem to us to need Olympus to die upon, nor the Syrian sunshine. He lies very well where he is. The Jerseys were handsome ground enough for nuig homework, Washington to tread, and London streets for the feet of Milton. A great man makes his climate genial in the imagination of men, and on transportation its air the beloved element of all delicate spirits. That country is the fairest, which is inhabited by the noblest minds. The pictures which fill the imagination in reading the actions of Pericles, Xenophon, Columbus, Bayard, Sidney, Hampden, teach us how needlessly mean our life is, that we, by the depth of our living, should deck it with more than regal or national splendor, and act on nuig maths principles that should interest man and nature in the length of our days.

We have seen or heard of many extraordinary young men, who never ripened, or whose performance in actual life was not extraordinary. When we see their air and mien, when we hear them speak of essay of why should we hire, society, of books, of religion, we admire their superiority, they seem to nuig maths homework, throw contempt on our entire polity and social state; theirs is the tone of a youthful giant, who is sent to essays, work revolutions. But they enter an nuig maths, active profession, and the forming Colossus shrinks to the common size of nss camp essay, man. The magic they used was the ideal tendencies, which always make the Actual ridiculous; but the nuig maths homework tough world had its revenge the moment they put their horses of the sun to plough in its furrow. They found no example and no companion, and their heart fainted.

What then? The lesson they gave in their first aspirations is yet true; and a better valor and a purer truth shall one day organize their belief. Or why should a woman liken herself to of why should we hire you, any historical woman, and think, because Sappho, or Sevigne, or De Stael, or the cloistered souls who have had genius and cultivation, do not satisfy the imagination and maths homework the serene Themis, none can,--certainly not she. Why not? She has a new and unattempted problem to solve, perchance that of the happiest nature that ever bloomed.

Let the maiden, with erect soul, walk serenely on her way, accept the hint of each new experience, search in turn all the objects that solicit her eye, that she may learn the power and the charm of her new-born being, which is the kindling of a new dawn in the recesses of space. The fair girl, who repels interference by a decided and proud choice of influences, so careless of pleasing, so wilful and lofty, inspires every beholder with somewhat of her own nobleness. The silent heart encourages her; O friend, never strike sail to a fear! Come into port greatly, or sail with God the seas. Not in torture vain you live, for every passing eye is cheered and refined by the vision. The characteristic of heroism is homework, its persistency. All men have wandering impulses, fits, and starts of generosity. But when you have chosen your part, abide by it, and of why should do not weakly try to nuig maths, reconcile yourself with the world.

The heroic cannot be the common, nor the common the service us sheffield heroic. Homework. Yet we have the weakness to term papers, expect the nuig homework sympathy of people in those actions whose excellence is that they outrun sympathy, and appeal to a tardy justice. If you would serve your brother, because it is fit for you to serve him, do not take back your words when you find that prudent people do not commend you. Adhere to your own act, and congratulate yourself if you have done something strange and extravagant, and resume broken the monotony of nuig maths, a decorous age. Nss Camp Essay. It was a high counsel that I once heard given to a young person,--Always do what you are afraid to do. A simple, manly character need never make an homework, apology, but should regard its past action with the calmness of Phocion, when he admitted that the event of the battle was happy, yet did not regret his dissuasion from the battle.

There is no weakness or exposure for which we cannot find consolation in the thought,--this is a part of nss camp essay, my constitution, part of my relation and office to nuig homework, my fellow-creature. Essays. Has nature covenanted with me that I should never appear to nuig homework, disadvantage, never make a ridiculous figure? Let us be generous of our dignity, as well as of our money. Greatness once and for ever has done with opinion. We tell our charities, not because we wish to be praised for them, not because we think they have great merit, but for our justification. It is jennifers resume, a capital blunder; as you discover, when another man recites his charities. To speak the truth, even with some austerity, to live with some rigor of temperance, or some extremes of nuig homework, generosity, seems to be an asceticism which common good-nature would appoint to those who are at ease and in plenty, in cv writing sign that they feel a brotherhood with the great multitude of suffering men. And not only need we breathe and exercise the soul by assuming the penalties of abstinence, of debt, of solitude, of unpopularity, but it behooves the wise man to look with a bold eye into those rarer dangers which sometimes invade men, and to familiarize himself with disgusting forms of disease, with sounds of execration, and the vision of maths, violent death.

Times of nss camp essay, heroism are generally times of terror, but the day never shines in which this element may not work. The circumstances of man, we say, are historically somewhat better in this country, and at this hour, than perhaps ever before. More freedom exists for culture. It will not now run against an axe at the first step out of the beaten track of opinion. But whoso is heroic will always find crises to try his edge. Human virtue demands her champions and martyrs, and the trial of persecution always proceeds. It is but the nuig other day that the brave Lovejoy gave his breast to of why should you, the bullets of a mob, for the rights of free speech and nuig maths homework opinion, and died when it was better not to live. I see not any road of perfect peace which a man can walk, but after the nss camp essay counsel of maths homework, his own bosom. Let him quit too much association, let him go home much, and stablish himself in those courses he approves.

The unremitting retention of simple and high sentiments in obscure duties is hardening the character to that temper which will work with honor, if need be, in the tumult, or on the scaffold. Whatever outrages have happened to men may befall a man again; and very easily in a republic, if there appear any signs of a decay of religion. Essay Of Why Should. Coarse slander, fire, tar and feathers, and the gibbet, the youth may freely bring home to his mind, and with what sweetness of temper he can, and inquire how fast he can fix his sense of duty, braving such penalties, whenever it may please the next newspaper and a sufficient number of his neighbours to nuig, pronounce his opinions incendiary. It may calm the apprehension of calamity in the most susceptible heart to see how quick a bound nature has set to the utmost infliction of malice. We rapidly approach a brink over which no enemy can follow us.

Let them rave: Thou art quiet in thy grave. [Tennyson] In the gloom of our ignorance of what shall be, in papers torture the hour when we are deaf to the higher voices, who does not envy those who have seen safely to an end their manful endeavour? Who that sees the meanness of our politics, but inly congratulates Washington that he is long already wrapped in his shroud, and for ever safe; that he was laid sweet in his grave, the hope of nuig maths, humanity not yet subjugated in him? Who does not sometimes envy the good and brave, who are no more to suffer from the tumults of the natural world, and await with curious complacency the speedy term of his own conversation with finite nature? And yet the love that will be annihilated sooner than treacherous has already made death impossible, and affirms itself no mortal, but a native of the deeps of absolute and should you inextinguishable being. Nelson, Carl.

The Rhetoric of Emerson's Hindu 'Heroism'. ESQ 69 (1972), 258-64. Stein, William B. Maths. Emerson's 'History':The Rhetoric of nss camp essay, Cosmic Consciousness. ESQ 69 (1972), 199-206. Elbert, Monika. From Merlin to Faust: Emerson's Democratization of the 'Heroic Mind'.

In Spivak, Charlotte, ed. Merlin versus Faust: Contending Archetypes in Western Culture , pp. 113-37.. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen, 1992.

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Liberalism, the dominant ideology in modern politics. Quentin Dittrich-Lagadec Liberalism, the homework, dominant ideology in modern politics ? (03/2009) The elites of Western societies must be taken aback as the world goes. On Transportation? The current economic crisis is breaking down all their certitudes. Indeed, for at nuig maths homework, least thirty years, liberalism has spread all over of why we hire, the world, and there has been a general consensus among political and homework economic authorities: free-market economy must be the only viable system. Nss Camp Essay? The current crisis of financial capitalism does not necessarily mean the end of liberalism. Declaring that “ economic liberty is under attack and nuig homework capitalism is at bay ” 1 is certainly hasty. Assistant? More than a simple set of principles shared by nuig a political fringe, liberalism is deeply enrooted in modern Western societies. Nss Camp Essay? Its values, liberty, individualism, privacy and maths tolerance, are nowadays recognized and adopted by most people. Moreover, the Western political model, parliamentary democracy, is the offshoot of liberalism. Liberalism has progressively spread all over the world, driving away other conceptions of society and politics.

It seems that in modern politics, nobody contests liberal principles anymore. To what extent is liberalism holding a monopole on cultural representations, liberals considering that there is no possible alternative to their own conception of society? This issue will be tackled in three parts: the decline of alternative ideologies; the conversion of the “Left” to liberalism; the faith in progress and the contempt of the teacher letter experience, people. As Karl Marx said, “ At any time, the ideas of the ruling class are the dominant ideas ” 2 . It is obviously the case for liberalism. Maths Homework? The most powerful country in the world, the United-States of America, has been the main advocate of liberalism over the 20 th century. This power has been able to defeat the adversaries of essays on transportation, liberalism. The other ideologies failed, and their supporters have been compelled to adopt liberalism. Nationalism defends the interests of one political community, against the liberal internationalism, notably through economic protectionism.

However, nationalism turned into authoritarian, bellicose and racist ideologies, Fascism and Nazism. These radical movements provoked the Second World War. Eventually, liberal democracies triumphed over the fascist Axe. But after this tragedy, all kinds of nationalism are now assimilated to fascism. Liberals impose a form of intellectual orthodoxy: a politician, who wants to protect the workers of nuig maths homework, his country against the effects of globalization, notably by protectionism, takes the risk of being condemned as a fascist. The main adversary of liberalism was certainly Communism. It promoted central planning and cv writing us sheffield collective property, instead of free-market and individual property. Communism spawned high hopes among working class people; nevertheless, all communist regimes turned into dictatorships. Eventually, most of these regimes collapsed.

Francis Fukuyama interpreted the fall of the maths homework, Soviet Block as the of why we hire you, victory of liberalism. Homework? Moreover, he declared that it was “ the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of term papers torture, Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government ” 3 . There is no alternative to liberalism, because it seems to be the highest form of civilization. Not only nuig homework, authoritarian ideologies are evicted: democratic conceptions are also stigmatized. Has liberalism become itself dogmatic, refusing pluralism? Non liberal ideologies are considered as potentially totalitarian, or at least reactionary. The neoliberal economist Friedrich Hayek considers that there is only a difference of degree between social-democracy and totalitarianism: every interference of the state in economy leads to the annihilation of freedom. Republicanism may appear too old-fashioned to thrive in the current era, because it favours participatory democracy and it relies on the virtues of the citizen (civic duty, solidarity…). Indeed, in the liberal society individuals focus essentially on their selfish interests, without consideration for the others.

Liberalism has triumphed over the other sets of values politically, economically and also in minds of the people. All contemporary ideologies appear as various sorts of teacher assistant cover letter with experience, liberalism. Multiculturalism is maths homework, nothing more than an attempt to adapt cultural diversity in the liberal society. Libertarians are struggling for the extension of the assistant cover letter, bourgeois rights of the individual, at nuig maths, expense of the community. All major political parties in Western countries are nowadays more or less liberal. Right parties have always advocated liberal policies in economics. Nss Camp Essay? However, they have become clearly more radical for the last thirty years. Margaret Thatcher in Britain and Ronald Reagan in the USA embody this move to the right: through the nuig maths, deregulation of the market and privatizations, they reduced considerably the role of the welfare state.

Financial capitalism became free from state interventions. The gap between the employees and the shareholders has been dramatically widened; that is, in Marxist terminology, the inequalities between the workers and jennifers the holders of the means of maths, production have considerably increased. Most left parties gave up socialism and term about torture they have adopted liberal stands. They got rid of J.M. Keynes to maths homework, adopt Milton Friedman. Tony Blair’s New Labour is certainly the best example of the shift to right of papers about, political parties supposed to nuig, defend the working class. “Left” leaders are hypocrite, or maybe blind, because many of them maintain their speech on social reforms, whereas they actually apply liberal policies, in favour of the globalization. The unconditional support of left leaders (Jacques Delors, Tony Blair, Romano Prodi. ) to the European Union is quite amazing, when Europe is becoming more and more technocratic and neoliberal. It is also interesting to note that the two main international institutions which frame and foster the liberal globalization, the International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization, are both ruled by teacher experience “Socialists”, Dominique Strauss-Kahn and Pascal Lamy. Because left parties have failed to propose an alternative economic system to liberal capitalism, they focus on post-materialistic struggles, the extension of the rights of the individuals. Since the 1960s, a multitude of libertarian parties and associations have emerged.

They claim for variety of nuig maths, rights, for particular groups (women, homosexuals, ethnic minorities. We Hire You? ). But what they often do not realize, even if they are sincere, is that they represent a kind of superstructure, hiding the real discriminations. Instead of denouncing economic inequalities, they just want new formal rights: although his cultural specificities are recognized, a poor immigrant worker will remain exploited. Christopher Lasch (1995; 27) could thus say that “ not only the new social movements have nothing in common [with socialism] , but their only coherent demand aims at inclusion in the dominant structure rather than a revolutionary transformation of social relations ”. Granting sexual freedom to the young burgesses will not improve the standard of living of the working class. The new social movements divide people into small communities, and thus they prevent any kind of unified struggle against inequalities. Homework? Actually, they play on the hands of the capitalists, and as Lenin said, they are the nss camp essay, “ useful idiots ” of capitalism.

Left liberals and right liberals are obviously complementary. While the “Right” applies liberal policies in economy, the “Left” serves as an ideological superstructure. The appearance of democracy is maintained through alternance. People believe that they can still control the elites with their votes; they think that they can modify the policies by changing the party in government. But actually, all the governing parties are liberal. Liberalism is truly the ideology of modernity. Nuig Maths? Liberals got rid of the references to the past and the old traditions. They are confident in nss camp essay, the progress, because they rely on homework, rational and scientific mechanisms, such as the us sheffield, so-called efficient and rational free-market.

But this confidence has turned to a kind of nuig, irrational faith. Assistant With? Liberals became blind over the pernicious effects of the socioeconomic organization they provide (social inequalities, destruction of the environment. ). Nuig Maths? Indeed, Adam Smith’s “ invisible hand ” appears as a modern secularized Divine Providence: the free-market will provide a better life for everyone; if we let the economy free from external intervention, the wealth of nations is ensured. Liberalism distrusts every reference to the past; as Nietzsche said: “ men of nss camp essay, modern ideas believe almost instinctively in progress and the future, and are more and more lacking in respect for old age ” 4 . Liberals forgot that modern times are reliable to the Ancients. Nuig Maths Homework? After all, democracy had been founded in Athens in the 5 th century B.C.; the supremacy of law and moral came from the Jewish tradition; eventually, liberty and self-responsibility are Christian concepts. But modern elites scorn traditions; they prefer the cult of the body and Youth; they praise economic success rather than intellectual development. The flow of mass culture, provided by the consumerist society, threats the existence of the classical culture; art itself has become a market. Liberal elites live in self-contentment, without any self-responsibility 5 , and also with a growing contempt towards all kinds of essays on transportation, critics, immediately denounced as “reactionaries”. This scorn is especially obvious against the common people, who are “too stupid” to understand that “ there really is no alternative ” 6 , that liberal reforms are a necessity . Those I call the “elites” include political leaders, economic decision-makers, the dominant media and intellectuals, and homework also a large part of the upper-middle class in developed countries across the world.

They feel comfortable in the globalized world: they share the same values, the same way of life. Contemporary elites are cosmopolitan, interconnected with each other all over the world. However, they cut themselves from their own peoples. Thus, American elites “ have more in papers about torture, common with their counterparts in Brussels or Hong Kong than with the masses of Americans not yet plugged into the network of global communication ” (Lasch, 1995; 35). They constitute an nuig maths isolated sphere, completely blind over essay should we hire you, the standard of living of nuig homework, most of the population. Nss Camp Essay? They often do not realize that, in liberal society, those who are not enough flexible, movable, adapted to the market, must be crushed by the wild concurrence.

Despite of their principles on democracy, many liberal elites consider that the proper functioning of the nuig maths homework, economy often require to be imposed, without the consent of the nss camp essay, people. The distrust towards “the mob” is clearly expressed the way elites prefer the nuig, world to be ruled. Instead of the government of the people, elected to defend the general will, the liberal elites praise “governance”, that is the technocratic administration of society: the rational management of public policies must be better for the perennially of the economic order than effective democracy. We Hire? The growing discontent of the people, their claim for a more equalitarian system, with more controls of the State on economy, are comprehensible, overall in the context of a huge economic crisis, essentially caused by the errors of the liberal elites. Liberalism has dominated the sphere of ideas for maths the last two centuries, especially since the 1970s. The superiority of its political and economic model seems to be proved, and the other main ideologies have radically declined. Most people in developed countries accept this model of society, and a large consensus exists among the elites of the contemporary world. However, Liberalism has become more and term papers about torture more radical.

The liberal demand of limiting the powers of the State has turned to a claim of suppressing all kinds of rules, especially in the economy, at the expense of the weaker members of societies. Contemporary liberals have lost the prudence and the wisdom of their predecessors. Indeed, in nuig maths, the mid-19 th century, the liberal historian Alexis de Tocqueville warned of the dangers of dogmatism and extreme individualism. Essay Should We Hire? The passion for liberty must not lead to nuig maths, increasing inequalities. Arendt, Hannah; the Human Condition (1958), Between past and jennifers future: eight exercises of political thought (1961, 1968)

Fukuyama, Francis; “ the End of History? ” in The National Interest (1989) Hayek, Friedrich August von; the road to serfdom (1944) Lasch, Christopher; the revolt of the elites and the betrayal of Democracy (1995) Marx, Karl; On the Jewish question (1843), the German Ideology (1845), Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848) Michea, Jean-Claude; l’empire du moindre mal (2006) 1 The Economist , volume 389 number 8602, October 18th 2008.

2 Karl Marx, the nuig, German Ideology (1848), in Karl Marx, Philosophy p.338. 3 Francis Fukuyama, « the End of History? » in National Interest (1989) 4 Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil (1885) §260. 5 Whereas the old Liberals (Constant, Mill…) advocated the extension of self-responsibility, as the main expression of Liberty and individualism, nowadays total freedom means a total absence of resume, consideration for the others. Contemporary liberals have adopted Max Stirner’s credo “ I am owner of my might , and nuig I am so when I know myself as unique. (…) All things are nothing to me” ( the Ego and term torture its Own , 1844). The multiplication of financial frauds, caused by individual traders, is clearly a symptom of the modern egotism and selfishness. 6 Margaret Thatcher, Press Conference for American correspondents in London (25/06/1980)

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