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How many pages is a 1500 word essay

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beloved essay theme Welcome! This page is dedicated to the American Studies. Please relax and enjoy surfing this website! by Toni Morrison. #8220;Beloved#8221; is one of the best and most popular works in the African-American literature and it involves a great suggestion of anger towards many social problems of that time, such as slavery, African American cultural identity and many others. Pages Is A Word! One of the main themes of #8220;Beloved#8221; is the problem of penn dissertations race and effects of slavery 1 . Is A! Much of the mythology essay novel focuses on a community of ex-slaves and how they manage to get back to normal with their lives. The novel questions, through the eyes of a teacher, what the difference is between a man and an animal. In its realistic description of the how many essay Negro community, complete with their hopes and problems, the novel shows that a colored man is against like any other man. The novel also asks whether it is pages is a essay better to mythology essay suffer the injustices of a cruel people or to fight against pages is a 1500 word essay, them.

Closely tied to the theme of race is that of the past. Each of the characters have had a furious past, complete with the worst horrors imaginable. Sethe has been raped and forced to murder, Paul D has been imprisoned in a cube, Stamp Paid was forced to give his wife away to be a sex toy, and the list goes on and on. Many of these men and women have chosen, like Sethe and about beauty Paul D, to pages is a word essay forget the past. Others worked actively against it, like Stamp Paid. However, no peace appears for any of the characters until each learns to accept and deal with the past (which is very alive in the present). Only then can a future be found. Another theme in #8220;Beloved#8221; is that of the banality of about beauty evil . Slavery is not just an institution, it is a philosophy and way of thinkig which has many and how many word deep consequences. The Garners treated their slaves well, and as a result were respected by people like Sethe and Paul D. However, as Paul D later comes to realize, Everything rested on Garner being alive. Protection Witness! Without his life each of theirs fell to pieces. Though treated nicely, the Negroes on Sweet Home were little more than toys to be used by the Garners.

The theme also comes up in the description of the Bodwin's household, which includes the statue of a black boy and the words At Yo Service. The Bodwins fail to comprehend the thoughts behind that statue. With such images, Morrison demonstrates the extent of slavery and what must be done to abolish it completely. Moral ambiguity , of 1500 course, plays a large role in the novel. The question of Was the murder right or wrong? appears many times in the book. The answer finally reached is that it was the right thing to do, but Sethe didn't have the right to do it.

Had she not murdered Beloved, she and all the children would have been sold back into slavery. Essays About American Beauty! Yet, when she committed the murder, she angered an entire community and was placed at the mercy of a vengeful spirit. The novel also asks what it means to be free . Was Baby Suggs truly free, when. 1 The institution of slavery destroyed much of the heritage of the Africans brought to the Americas; the novel partially recounts the creation of pages is a word a new people and culture, a people displaced and forced to forge a new identity in against, the face of brutality and dehumanization. white men were allowed to barge into her yard at any time?

Was Paul D free, though he wasn't allowed to love whatever he wanted to love? Were any of the Negroes truly free, who had to how many 1500 essay wait at the back of the supermarket for the whites to be served before they could get their groceries? Freedom, Morrison points out, is more than a matter of about beauty not belonging to 1500 essay a single master. The concept of family also pervades the novel. Most of the slaves have been torn apart from their families at an early age, and there is mythology essay little hope in discovering what is left of their families. The consequences of this type of separation can be seen in how many pages word, Sethe, who is possessive of dissertation protection her children, and Paul D, who is determined not to love anything too much. How Many Pages Is A 1500! One thematic point underlying her writing in Beloved is her preoccupation with community , and the need to about american write in a way which has a political purpose: If anything she does, in the way of writing novels or whatever. isn't about the village or the community or about people, then it isn't about anything. She is not interested in indulging herself in some private exercise of her imagination. which is to say, the work must be political. Toni Morrison, and other Negro women writers, have been trying to develop a new type of how many pages is a essay novel, one which represents the hopes, aspirations, and historical memories of colored women. African American women struggle under a double burden: that of racial prejudice and that of a male-centred society.

While black men may have created a literature about the an essay on man former, it has been left to black women to analyse the whole of the latter situation. Beloved is extremely possessive of her sister, not allowing Sethe to assist in caring for the young woman when she is ill. She treasures her time alone with Beloved while Sethe is at work in the restaurant more than anything in her life at that point. She is driven by a hunger to know about the mysterious history of her sister; a hunger that cannot be satisfied by her responses to Sethe and pages word essay Paul D's simple questions. She furthermore appears to be completely devastated, throwing herself into about beauty, a blinding and how many is a 1500 essay violent rage in the midst of the cold house. It is an attraction that evidently lies in something more complex and difficult to understand than mere sisterly love; it lies rather in the sense of and womanist dogmatics desperation on Denver's part to be essentially one with Beloved. Thus when the author reveals that, as a baby, Denver had taken her mother's milk 2 right along with the blood of her sister, we are scared, but not really surprised. What are the implications of this?

Of course all brothers and sisters share the same family blood, but what does it mean for pages word essay, one to take that blood by means of the against essay mouth? This is in a way very similar to the taking of Christ's blood in pages is a word, the sacrament of communion. The wine that Catholics drink symbolizes the blood of Jesus, his death, and the consequent giving of himself to us and for us. As a result, Catholics are expected, according to their religion, to essays dogmatics live their lives in how many is a 1500, the ways of Christ, striving ultimately to be one with him; to hunger for him. Essays About! Denver, as a very young and innocent child, had desired the milk of her mother and instead had been fed the blood of her deceased sister. Her hunger had been satiated by how many pages the taste of her sister rather than her mother; an penn dissertations everlasting tie had been formed.

Tragically through this, which we as outsiders alone are. 2 Beloved is is a word essay critically scrutinized for its #8220;obviously symbolic story#8221; and not adequately appreciated for the vivid metaphors, imperative to on man conservation the understanding of how many pages is a 1500 essay post-civil war slavery (Rumens). The numerous reference's to Sethe's #8220;stolen milk#8221; could be one of the images that Carol Rumens attacks in about beauty, her critique for being #8220;overly symbolic#8221;. How Many 1500 Word! able to see, we know that Denver can never be truly satisfied in her desires. What she longs for is a place within her sister, a place that is simply not within her reach. She had not known it then, nor is there any way for her to write an essay on man see it now: the seed of Beloved had been planted within Denver, and there it will continue to grow. #8220;Beloved#8221; explores the physical, emotional, and spiritual devastation wrought by pages word slavery, a devastation that continues to haunt those characters who are former slaves even in freedom. The most dangerous of slavery#8217;s effects is its negative impact on the former slaves#8217; senses of self, and the novel contains multiple examples of self-alienation.Paul D. for instance, is essay so alienated from himself that at one point he cannot tell whether the screaming he hears is his own or someone else#8217;s. Slaves were told they were subhuman and were traded as commodities whose worth could be expressed in dollars. Consequently, Paul D is how many 1500 essay very insecure about whether or not he could possibly be a real man, and he frequently wonders about his value as a person. As a result of their inability to believe in their own existences, both Baby Suggs and Paul D become depressed and tired. Baby Suggs#8217;s fatigue is spiritual, while Paul D#8217;s is emotional. #8220;Beloved#8221; demonstrates the essays american extent to which individuals need the support of their communities in order to survive.

Sethe first begins to pages is a word essay develop her sense of self during her twenty-eight days of freedom, when she becomes a part of the Cincinnati community. Similarly, Denver discovers herself and grows up when she leaves 124 and becomes a part of society. Paul D and his fellow prison inmates in Georgia prove able to escape only by working together. They are literally chained to one another, and dissertations Paul D recalls that #8220;if one lost, all lost.#8221; Lastly, it is the community that saves Sethe from mistakenly killing Mr. Bodwin and casting the shadow of another sin across her and her family#8217;s life. Pages 1500 Word! Cincinnati#8217;s black community plays a pivotal role in the events of 124 . The community#8217;s failure to alert Sethe to schoolteacher#8217;s approach implicates it in the death of Sethe#8217;s daughter. At the and womanist dogmatics end of the novel, the black community makes up for its past misbehavior by gathering at 124 to collectively exorcise Beloved. By driving Beloved away, the community secures Sethe#8217;s, and its own, release from the past. Morrison enhances the world of Beloved by investing it with a supernatural dimension. While it is how many pages is a word essay possible to interpret the book#8217;s paranormal phenomena within a realist framework, many events in the novel (most notably, the presence of a ghost) push the limits of ordinary understanding. Moreover, the essays about american characters in Beloved do not hesitate to believe in the supernatural status of these events.

For them, poltergeists, premonitions, and how many pages word hallucinations are ways of understanding the significance of the essays world around them. Such occurrences stand in marked contrast to schoolteacher#8217;s perverse hyper-#8220;scientific#8221; and empirical studies. Beloved #8217;s epigraph, taken from Romans 9:25 , bespeaks the is a 1500 presence that Christian ideas will have in the novel. The #8220;four horsemen#8221; who come for write on man conservation, Sethe reference the description of the Apocalypse found in the Book of Revelations. Beloved is pages 1500 word essay reborn into Sethe#8217;s world drenched in a sort of baptismal water. As an polygamy essay infant, Denver drinks her sister#8217;s blood along with her mother#8217;s breast milk, which can be interpreted as an act of Communion that links Denver and Beloved and that highlights the sacrificial aspect of the baby#8217;s death.

Sethe#8217;s act so horrifies schoolteacher that he leaves without taking her other children, allowing them to how many live in freedom. The baby#8217;s sacrificial death, like that of Christ, brings salvation. The book#8217;s larger discussions of sin, sacrifice, redemption, forgiveness, love, and resurrection similarly resound with biblical references. Narrative and Community Crisis in Beloved - D. Scot Hinson. Beloved study guide - Univ. of Warwick. Synopsis of Beloved - UTexas students. Historical events affecting characters in Beloved - UTexas students.

Parallel Themes Found in Beloved - UTexas students. Dissertation Witness! Scars and Self-Definiton in Beloved - Student at Kansas State University. Oportunitati si locuri de munca pentru studenti si tineri profesionisti - afla cele mai noi oferte de job! Viata in campus: stiri, burse, cazari, cluburi, baluri ale bobocilor - afla totul despre viata in studentie! Dezvoltare personala pentru tineri - investeste in tine si invata ponturi pentru succesul tau in cariera!

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How many pages is 1,500 words? | …

p e e essay Supernatural Horror in pages is a 1500 word essay Literature. By H. Against Polygamy Essay. P. Lovecraft. The oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear, and the oldest and strongest kind of fear is fear of the unknown. These facts few psychologists will dispute, and their admitted truth must establish for all time the genuineness and dignity of the weirdly horrible tale as a literary form. Against it are discharged all the shafts of a materialistic sophistication which clings to is a 1500 essay, frequently felt emotions and external events, and of a naively insipid idealism which deprecates the aesthetic motive and calls for a didactic literature to uplift the reader toward a suitable degree of and womanist in reformed, smirking optimism. But in spite of all this opposition the weird tale has survived, developed, and how many is a 1500, attained remarkable heights of in reformed, perfection; founded as it is on a profound and elementary principle whose appeal, if not always universal, must necessarily be poignant and permanent to minds of the requisite sensitiveness. The appeal of the spectrally macabre is generally narrow because it demands from the how many essay, reader a certain degree of imagination and a capacity for detachment from every-day life. Relatively few are free enough from the spell of the daily routine to respond to write an essay on man conservation, rappings from outside, and tales of how many pages 1500 word, ordinary feelings and events, or of common sentimental distortions of such feelings and events, will always take first place in the taste of the majority; rightly, perhaps, since of course these ordinary matters make up the greater part of essays about, human experience. But the how many is a 1500 essay, sensitive are always with us, and sometimes a curious streak of fancy invades an obscure corner of the essays about, very hardest head; so that no amount of rationalisation, reform, or Freudian analysis can quite annul the thrill of the chimney-corner whisper or the pages is a, lonely wood. There is dissertations, here involved a psychological pattern or tradition as real and as deeply grounded in mental experience as any other pattern or tradition of mankind; coeval with the religious feeling and closely related to many aspects of it, and too much a part of our inmost biological heritage to lose keen potency over a very important, though not numerically great, minority of our species.

Man’s first instincts and emotions formed his response to how many pages is a essay, the environment in which he found himself. Definite feelings based on pleasure and pain grew up around the phenomena whose causes and effects he understood, whilst around those which he did not understandand the universe teemed with them in the early dayswere naturally woven such personifications, marvellous interpretations, and sensations of awe and fear as would be hit upon by a race having few and simple ideas and limited experience. The unknown, being likewise the unpredictable, became for our primitive forefathers a terrible and omnipotent source of boons and calamities visited upon mankind for and womanist essays dogmatics cryptic and pages is a essay, wholly extra-terrestrial reasons, and penn dissertations, thus clearly belonging to spheres of existence whereof we know nothing and wherein we have no part. The phenomenon of dreaming likewise helped to build up the pages is a essay, notion of an unreal or spiritual world; and in general, all the conditions of savage dawn-life so strongly conduced toward a feeling of the supernatural, that we need not wonder at the thoroughness with which man’s very hereditary essence has become saturated with religion and superstition. Dissertation Protection. That saturation must, as a matter of plain scientific fact, be regarded as virtually permanent so far as the subconscious mind and inner instincts are concerned; for though the area of the unknown has been steadily contracting for thousands of word, years, an infinite reservoir of mystery still engulfs most of the outer cosmos, whilst a vast residuum of powerful inherited associations clings around all the objects and processes that were once mysterious, however well they may now be explained. And more than this, there is an actual physiological fixation of the old instincts in our nervous tissue, which would make them obscurely operative even were the conscious mind to be purged of all sources of wonder. Because we remember pain and the menace of death more vividly than pleasure, and because our feelings toward the beneficent aspects of the unknown have from the first been captured and against essay, formalised by conventional religious rituals, it has fallen to how many is a 1500 essay, the lot of the darker and more maleficent side of cosmic mystery to dissertations, figure chiefly in our popular supernatural folklore. This tendency, too, is naturally enhanced by the fact that uncertainty and danger are always closely allied; thus making any kind of an unknown world a world of peril and evil possibilities. When to this sense of 1500 essay, fear and evil the inevitable fascination of wonder and curiosity is dissertation protection witness, superadded, there is born a composite body of keen emotion and imaginative provocation whose vitality must of necessity endure as long as the human race itself. Children will always be afraid of the dark, and men with minds sensitive to hereditary impulse will always tremble at the thought of the hidden and fathomless worlds of strange life which may pulsate in the gulfs beyond the pages 1500, stars, or press hideously upon our own globe in unholy dimensions which only the dead and the moonstruck can glimpse.

With this foundation, no one need wonder at the existence of a literature of cosmic fear. It has always existed, and always will exist; and feminist and womanist essays dogmatics, no better evidence of its tenacious vigour can be cited than the impulse which now and then drives writers of totally opposite pages is a 1500 leanings to try their hands at it in isolated tales, as if to discharge from their minds certain phantasmal shapes which would otherwise haunt them. Thus Dickens wrote several eerie narratives; Browning, the hideous poem “Childe Roland”; Henry James, The Turn of the Screw; Dr. Holmes, the subtle novel Elsie Venner; F. Essays About American. Marion Crawford, “The Upper Berth” and a number of is a word, other examples; Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, social worker, “The Yellow Wall Paper”; whilst the penn, humourist W. W. Jacobs produced that able melodramatic bit called “The Monkey’s Paw”. This type of fear-literature must not be confounded with a type externally similar but psychologically widely different; the literature of mere physical fear and pages is a word, the mundanely gruesome. Such writing, to be sure, has its place, as has the an essay and biosphere conservation, conventional or even whimsical or humorous ghost story where formalism or the author’s knowing wink removes the how many 1500 word essay, true sense of the essays american beauty, morbidly unnatural; but these things are not the literature of cosmic fear in its purest sense. The true weird tale has something more than secret murder, bloody bones, or a sheeted form clanking chains according to rule. A certain atmosphere of breathless and unexplainable dread of outer, unknown forces must be present; and there must be a hint, expressed with a seriousness and portentousness becoming its subject, of that most terrible conception of the human braina malign and pages is a word essay, particular suspension or defeat of those fixed laws of Nature which are our only safeguard against the assaults of chaos and the daemons of unplumbed space. Naturally we cannot expect all weird tales to conform absolutely to any theoretical model.

Creative minds are uneven, and the best of fabrics have their dull spots. Penn. Moreover, much of the choicest weird work is unconscious; appearing in memorable fragments scattered through material whose massed effect may be of a very different cast. How Many Pages 1500. Atmosphere is the all-important thing, for the final criterion of authenticity is not the dovetailing of a plot but the creation of a given sensation. We may say, as a general thing, that a weird story whose intent is to teach or produce a social effect, or one in which the horrors are finally explained away by natural means, is not a genuine tale of cosmic fear; but it remains a fact that such narratives often possess, in isolated sections, atmospheric touches which fulfil every condition of true supernatural horror-literature. Therefore we must judge a weird tale not by the author’s intent, or by the mere mechanics of the plot; but by the emotional level which it attains at its least mundane point. If the protection, proper sensations are excited, such a “high spot” must be admitted on its own merits as weird literature, no matter how prosaically it is later dragged down. The one test of the really weird is simply thiswhether or not there be excited in the reader a profound sense of dread, and of contact with unknown spheres and powers; a subtle attitude of how many pages is a word essay, awed listening, as if for the beating of black wings or the scratching of outside shapes and entities on the known universe’s utmost rim. And of course, the more completely and feminist in reformed, unifiedly a story conveys this atmosphere, the how many pages is a word, better it is as a work of art in the given medium. As may naturally be expected of mythology essay, a form so closely connected with primal emotion, the horror-tale is how many pages essay, as old as human thought and speech themselves. Cosmic terror appears as an ingredient of the and womanist, earliest folklore of all races, and is crystallised in the most archaic ballads, chronicles, and sacred writings.

It was, indeed, a prominent feature of the elaborate ceremonial magic, with its rituals for word the evocation of feminist in reformed, daemons and spectres, which flourished from prehistoric times, and which reached its highest development in Egypt and the Semitic nations. How Many Is A. Fragments like the dissertation, Book of Enoch and the Claviculae of Solomon well illustrate the power of the weird over the ancient Eastern mind, and upon how many pages 1500 essay, such things were based enduring systems and traditions whose echoes extend obscurely even to the present time. Touches of penn dissertations, this transcendental fear are seen in classic literature, and there is evidence of its still greater emphasis in a ballad literature which paralleled the classic stream but vanished for lack of a written medium. The Middle Ages, steeped in fanciful darkness, gave it an enormous impulse toward expression; and East and West alike were busy preserving and amplifying the dark heritage, both of how many pages is a 1500 word, random folklore and dissertations, of academically formulated magic and cabbalism, which had descended to them. Witch, werewolf, vampire, and ghoul brooded ominously on the lips of bard and how many word, grandam, and needed but little encouragement to essays beauty, take the final step across the how many is a 1500 word essay, boundary that divides the chanted tale or song from the formal literary composition. In the Orient, the weird tale tended to penn dissertations, assume a gorgeous colouring and sprightliness which almost transmuted it into sheer phantasy. In the West, where the mystical Teuton had come down from his black Boreal forests and the Celt remembered strange sacrifices in Druidic groves, it assumed a terrible intensity and convincing seriousness of atmosphere which doubled the force of its half-told, half-hinted horrors. Much of the power of Western horror-lore was undoubtedly due to the hidden but often suspected presence of a hideous cult of nocturnal worshippers whose strange customsdescended from pre-Aryan and pre-agricultural times when a squat race of Mongoloids roved over how many 1500 word essay Europe with their flocks and herdswere rooted in the most revolting fertility-rites of immemorial antiquity. This secret religion, stealthily handed down amongst peasants for feminist and womanist essays dogmatics thousands of years despite the how many pages is a 1500 word, outward reign of the Druidic, Graeco-Roman, and Christian faiths in the regions involved, was marked by wild “Witches’ Sabbaths” in lonely woods and atop distant hills on Walpurgis-Night and Hallowe’en, the traditional breeding-seasons of the goats and sheep and cattle; and became the source of vast riches of sorcery-legend, besides provoking extensive witchcraft- prosecutions of which the Salem affair forms the an essay conservation, chief American example. Akin to it in essence, and perhaps connected with it in fact, was the frightful secret system of inverted theology or Satan-worship which produced such horrors as the famous “Black Mass”; whilst operating toward the same end we may note the activities of those whose aims were somewhat more scientific or philosophicalthe astrologers, cabbalists, and alchemists of the Albertus Magnus or Raymond Lully type, with whom such rude ages invariably abound. The prevalence and pages word essay, depth of the mediaeval horror-spirit in Europe, intensified by the dark despair which waves of pestilence brought, may be fairly gauged by mythology essay the grotesque carvings slyly introduced into much of the word, finest later Gothic ecclesiastical work of the time; the daemoniac gargoyles of Notre Dame and Mont St.

Michel being among the polygamy, most famous specimens. And throughout the how many pages word essay, period, it must be remembered, there existed amongst educated and uneducated alike a most unquestioning faith in every form of the supernatural; from the essays about american, gentlest of pages, Christian doctrines to the most monstrous morbidities of witchcraft and black magic. It was from polygamy no empty background that the Renaissance magicians and alchemistsNostradamus, Trithemius, Dr. John Dee, Robert Fludd, and the likewere born. In this fertile soil were nourished types and is a essay, characters of dissertation protection, sombre myth and legend which persist in weird literature to this day, more or less disguised or altered by modern technique. Many of them were taken from the earliest oral sources, and form part of mankind’s permanent heritage.

The shade which appears and demands the burial of its bones, the daemon lover who comes to bear away his still living bride, the death-fiend or psychopomp riding the night-wind, the man-wolf, the sealed chamber, the how many pages essay, deathless sorcererall these may be found in that curious body of protection witness, mediaeval lore which the late Mr. Baring-Gould so effectively assembled in book form. Wherever the mystic Northern blood was strongest, the atmosphere of the popular tales became most intense; for in the Latin races there is a touch of basic rationality which denies to pages 1500, even their strangest superstitions many of the overtones of glamour so characteristic of our own forest-born and ice-fostered whisperings. Just as all fiction first found extensive embodiment in poetry, so is it in poetry that we first encounter the permanent entry of the weird into standard literature. Most of the ancient instances, curiously enough, are in prose; as the feminist and womanist dogmatics, werewolf incident in Petronius, the gruesome passages in Apuleius, the brief but celebrated letter of Pliny the pages is a 1500 essay, Younger to Sura, and the odd compilation On Wonderful Events by the Emperor Hadrian’s Greek freedman, Phlegon. It is in polygamy essay Phlegon that we first find that hideous tale of the 1500 essay, corpse-bride, “Philinnion and Machates”, later related by Proclus and in essays american beauty modern times forming the inspiration of Goethe’s “Bride of Corinth” and Washington Irving’s “German Student”. But by the time the old Northern myths take literary form, and in that later time when the pages 1500 word, weird appears as a steady element in the literature of the day, we find it mostly in metrical dress; as indeed we find the greater part of the penn dissertations, strictly imaginative writing of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The Scandinavian Eddas and Sagas thunder with cosmic horror, and shake with the stark fear of Ymir and his shapeless spawn; whilst our own Anglo-Saxon Beowulf and the later Continental Nibelung tales are full of eldritch weirdness.

Dante is a pioneer in the classic capture of macabre atmosphere, and in Spenser’s stately stanzas will be seen more than a few touches of pages word essay, fantastic terror in landscape, incident, and character. Dissertation. Prose literature gives us Malory’s Morte d’Arthur, in which are presented many ghastly situations taken from early ballad sourcesthe theft of the sword and silk from the corpse in Chapel Perilous by Sir Launcelot, the ghost of Sir Gawaine, and is a essay, the tomb-fiend seen by Sir Galahadwhilst other and cruder specimens were doubtless set forth in the cheap and sensational “chapbooks” vulgarly hawked about and devoured by the ignorant. In Elizabethan drama, with its Dr. Faustus, the witches in Macbeth, the ghost in Hamlet, and the horrible gruesomeness of Webster, we may easily discern the strong hold of the daemoniac on the public mind; a hold intensified by the very real fear of living witchcraft, whose terrors, first wildest on the Continent, begin to echo loudly in English ears as the witch-hunting crusades of James the First gain headway. To the lurking mystical prose of the essays in reformed dogmatics, ages is added a long line of treatises on witchcraft and daemonology which aid in is a word exciting the imagination of the reading world. Through the seventeenth and into the eighteenth century we behold a growing mass of fugitive legendry and and womanist essays dogmatics, balladry of darksome cast; still, however, held down beneath the surface of polite and accepted literature. How Many Is A Essay. Chapbooks of horror and weirdness multiplied, and we glimpse the eager interest of the witness, people through fragments like Defoe’s “Apparition of Mrs. Veal”, a homely tale of a dead woman’s spectral visit to a distant friend, written to advertise covertly a badly selling theological disquisition on pages is a death. The upper orders of society were now losing faith in the supernatural, and indulging in a period of classic rationalism. Then, beginning with the polygamy essay, translations of Eastern tales in Queen Anne’s reign and taking definite form toward the middle of the how many pages essay, century, comes the revival of romantic feelingthe era of new joy in Nature, and in the radiance of an essay on man conservation, past times, strange scenes, bold deeds, and incredible marvels. We feel it first in the poets, whose utterances take on new qualities of wonder, strangeness, and shuddering.

And finally, after the timid appearance of a few weird scenes in the novels of the daysuch as Smollett’s Adventures of Ferdinand, Count Fathom the released instinct precipitates itself in the birth of a new school of writing; the “Gothic” school of horrible and fantastic prose fiction, long and short, whose literary posterity is destined to become so numerous, and in many cases so resplendent in artistic merit. It is, when one reflects upon it, genuinely remarkable that weird narration as a fixed and academically recognised literary form should have been so late of how many pages is a 1500 essay, final birth. The impulse and atmosphere are as old as man, but the typical weird tale of standard literature is mythology essay, a child of the eighteenth century. The shadow-haunted landscapes of “Ossian”, the chaotic visions of William Blake, the grotesque witch-dances in Burns’s “Tam O’Shanter”, the sinister daemonism of how many pages is a 1500 essay, Coleridge’s Christabel and Ancient Mariner, the ghostly charm of James Hogg’s “Kilmeny” , and the more restrained approaches to cosmic horror in Lamia and many of Keats’s other poems, are typical British illustrations of the against polygamy essay, advent of the how many 1500 word, weird to essays beauty, formal literature. Our Teutonic cousins of the Continent were equally receptive to the rising flood, and Bürger’s “Wild Huntsman” and the even more famous daemon-bridegroom ballad of “Lenore”both imitated in pages essay English by Scott, whose respect for the supernatural was always greatare only a taste of the eerie wealth which German song had commenced to provide. An Essay And Biosphere Conservation. Thomas Moore adapted from such sources the legend of the ghoulish statue-bride (later used by is a 1500 word essay Prosper Mérimée in dissertations “The Venus of Ille”, and traceable back to great antiquity) which echoes so shiveringly in his ballad of how many essay, “The Ring”; whilst Goethe’s deathless masterpiece Faust, crossing from mere balladry into the classic, cosmic tragedy of the ages, may be held as the ultimate height to dissertation, which this German poetic impulse arose. But it remained for a very sprightly and worldly Englishmannone other than Horace Walpole himselfto give the growing impulse definite shape and become the actual founder of the literary horror-story as a permanent form. 1500 Essay. Fond of mediaeval romance and an essay on man and biosphere conservation, mystery as a dilettante’s diversion, and with a quaintly imitated Gothic castle as his abode at Strawberry Hill, Walpole in 1764 published The Castle of Otranto; a tale of the supernatural which, though thoroughly unconvincing and mediocre in itself, was destined to exert an almost unparalleled influence on how many is a essay the literature of the weird. First venturing it only essays beauty as a translation by one “William Marshal, Gent.” from the Italian of a mythical “Onuphrio Muralto”, the author later acknowledged his connexion with the how many is a, book and took pleasure in its wide and instantaneous popularitya popularity which extended to many editions, early dramatisation, and wholesale imitation both in England and in Germany. The storytedious, artificial, and melodramaticis further impaired by a brisk and prosaic style whose urbane sprightliness nowhere permits the creation of a truly weird atmosphere.

It tells of Manfred, an unscrupulous and usurping prince determined to found a line, who after the mysterious sudden death of his only son Conrad on the latter’s bridal morn, attempts to put away his wife Hippolita and wed the lady destined for the unfortunate youththe lad, by the way, having been crushed by the preternatural fall of a gigantic helmet in the castle courtyard. Isabella, the widowed bride, flees from this design; and encounters in subterranean crypts beneath the castle a noble young preserver, Theodore, who seems to be a peasant yet strangely resembles the old lord Alfonso who ruled the polygamy essay, domain before Manfred’s time. Shortly thereafter supernatural phenomena assail the how many is a 1500 word essay, castle in divers ways; fragments of gigantic armour being discovered here and there, a portrait walking out of its frame, a thunderclap destroying the edifice, and against essay, a colossal armoured spectre of Alfonso rising out of the ruins to ascend through parting clouds to the bosom of St. Nicholas. Theodore, having wooed Manfred’s daughter Matilda and lost her through deathfor she is slain by how many is a 1500 word her father by mistakeis discovered to dissertations, be the son of Alfonso and rightful heir to the estate. He concludes the tale by wedding Isabella and preparing to live happily ever after, whilst Manfredwhose usurpation was the cause of is a 1500 word essay, his son’s supernatural death and his own supernatural harassingsretires to a monastery for penitence; his saddened wife seeking asylum in a neighbouring convent. Such is the an essay and biosphere conservation, tale; flat, stilted, and altogether devoid of the true cosmic horror which makes weird literature. Yet such was the thirst of the age for those touches of strangeness and spectral antiquity which it reflects, that it was seriously received by the soundest readers and raised in spite of how many is a, its intrinsic ineptness to a pedestal of lofty importance in literary history. What it did above all else was to essays beauty, create a novel type of scene, puppet-characters, and incidents; which, handled to better advantage by pages is a essay writers more naturally adapted to weird creation, stimulated the growth of an imitative Gothic school which in turn inspired the real weavers of cosmic terrorthe line of actual artists beginning with Poe. This novel dramatic paraphernalia consisted first of all of the Gothic castle, with its awesome antiquity, vast distances and ramblings, deserted or ruined wings, damp corridors, unwholesome hidden catacombs, and galaxy of ghosts and appalling legends, as a nucleus of suspense and daemoniac fright. Against. In addition, it included the tyrannical and how many 1500 word essay, malevolent nobleman as villain; the saintly, longpersecuted, and generally insipid heroine who undergoes the major terrors and dissertation witness, serves as a point of view and focus for the reader’s sympathies; the valorous and how many is a word essay, immaculate hero, always of high birth but often in humble disguise; the convention of high-sounding foreign names, mostly Italian, for against polygamy essay the characters; and the infinite array of stage properties which includes strange lights, damp trap-doors, extinguished lamps, mouldy hidden manuscripts, creaking hinges, shaking arras, and the like.

All this paraphernalia reappears with amusing sameness, yet sometimes with tremendous effect, throughout the history of the pages is a word essay, Gothic novel; and is by no means extinct even today, though subtler technique now forces it to assume a less naive and obvious form. An harmonious milieu for a new school had been found, and the writing world was not slow to grasp the dissertations, opportunity. German romance at how many pages is a word essay once responded to the Walpole influence, and soon became a byword for the weird and ghastly. Mythology Essay. In England one of the first imitators was the celebrated Mrs. Barbauld, then Miss Aikin, who in 1773 published an unfinished fragment called “Sir Bertrand”, in which the strings of genuine terror were truly touched with no clumsy hand. A nobleman on a dark and lonely moor, attracted by a tolling bell and distant light, enters a strange and ancient turreted castle whose doors open and close and is a 1500 word essay, whose bluish will-o’-the-wisps lead up mysterious staircases toward dead hands and animated black statues. A coffin with a dead lady, whom Sir Bertrand kisses, is finally reached; and upon the kiss the scene dissolves to give place to a splendid apartment where the lady, restored to life, holds a banquet in honour of her rescuer. Walpole admired this tale, though he accorded less respect to an even more prominent offspring of american beauty, his Otranto The Old English Baron, by Clara Reeve, published in 1777. Truly enough, this tale lacks the how many 1500 word, real vibration to the note of polygamy, outer darkness and mystery which distinguishes Mrs. Barbauld’s fragment; and though less crude than Walpole’s novel, and more artistically economical of how many pages 1500 essay, horror in its possession of only one spectral figure, it is nevertheless too definitely insipid for greatness. Here again we have the virtuous heir to the castle disguised as a peasant and restored to his heritage through the ghost of and womanist essays, his father; and here again we have a case of wide popularity leading to many editions, dramatisation, and ultimate translation into French.

Miss Reeve wrote another weird novel, unfortunately unpublished and lost. The Gothic novel was now settled as a literary form, and instances multiply bewilderingly as the eighteenth century draws toward its close. The Recess, written in 1785 by Mrs. Sophia Lee, has the historic element, revolving round the twin daughters of Mary, Queen of Scots; and though devoid of the supernatural, employs the Walpole scenery and mechanism with great dexterity. Five years later, and all existing lamps are paled by the rising of a fresh luminary of how many is a 1500, wholly superior orderMrs. Ann Radcliffe (17641823), whose famous novels made terror and dissertation, suspense a fashion, and who set new and how many pages 1500 word, higher standards in dissertation the domain of pages is a 1500 word essay, macabre and penn, fear-inspiring atmosphere despite a provoking custom of destroying her own phantoms at the last through laboured mechanical explanations. To the familiar Gothic trappings of her predecessors Mrs. Radcliffe added a genuine sense of the unearthly in scene and incident which closely approached genius; every touch of setting and action contributing artistically to the impression of illimitable frightfulness which she wished to convey. Pages Essay. A few sinister details like a track of blood on castle stairs, a groan from about american a distant vault, or a weird song in a nocturnal forest can with her conjure up the most powerful images of imminent horror; surpassing by far the extravagant and toilsome elaborations of others.

Nor are these images in pages is a 1500 essay themselves any the less potent because they are explained away before the end of the novel. Mrs. About American. Radcliffe’s visual imagination was very strong, and appears as much in her delightful landscape touchesalways in how many pages is a 1500 broad, glamorously pictorial outline, and never in close detailas in her weird phantasies. Her prime weaknesses, aside from the dissertations, habit of prosaic disillusionment, are a tendency toward erroneous geography and how many pages word essay, history and a fatal predilection for bestrewing her novels with insipid little poems, attributed to one or another of the characters. Mrs. Radcliffe wrote six novels; The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne (1789), A Sicilian Romance (1790), The Romance of the mythology essay, Forest (1791), The Mysteries of is a 1500 word essay, Udolpho (1794), The Italian (1797), and Gaston de Blondeville, composed in 1802 but first published posthumously in 1826.

Of these Udolpho is by far the write on man conservation, most famous, and may be taken as a type of the early Gothic tale at pages word essay its best. It is the chronicle of Emily, a young Frenchwoman transplanted to an ancient and portentous castle in the Apennines through the polygamy essay, death of her parents and the marriage of her aunt to the lord of the castlethe scheming nobleman Montoni. Mysterious sounds, opened doors, frightful legends, and a nameless horror in a niche behind a black veil all operate in quick succession to pages is a 1500, unnerve the heroine and her faithful attendant Annette; but finally, after the death of her aunt, she escapes with the penn, aid of how many 1500 essay, a fellow-prisoner whom she has discovered. Mythology Essay. On the pages is a 1500 essay, way home she stops at a chateau filled with fresh horrorsthe abandoned wing where the departed chatelaine dwelt, and the bed of polygamy, death with the pages word essay, black pallbut is dissertation protection, finally restored to security and happiness with her lover Valancourt, after the clearing-up of a secret which seemed for a time to involve her birth in word essay mystery. Clearly, this is only the familiar material re-worked; but it is so well re-worked that Udolpho will always be a classic. Mrs. Radcliffe’s characters are puppets, but they are less markedly so than those of her forerunners. Essays About. And in atmospheric creation she stands preëminent among those of her time. Of Mrs. How Many Pages Is A Word. Radcliffe’s countless imitators, the American novelist Charles Brockden Brown stands the closest in spirit and method. Like her, he injured his creations by natural explanations; but also like her, he had an uncanny atmospheric power which gives his horrors a frightful vitality as long as they remain unexplained.

He differed from her in contemptuously discarding the against essay, external Gothic paraphernalia and how many 1500 word essay, properties and choosing modern American scenes for his mysteries; but this repudiation did not extend to the Gothic spirit and type of incident. Brown’s novels involve some memorably frightful scenes, and excel even Mrs. Radcliffe’s in describing the operations of the essays about american, perturbed mind. Edgar Huntly starts with a sleep-walker digging a grave, but is later impaired by touches of Godwinian didacticism. Ormond involves a member of a sinister secret brotherhood.

That and Arthur Mervyn both describe the plague of pages 1500, yellow fever, which the author had witnessed in Philadelphia and New York. American. But Brown’s most famous book is Wieland; or, The Transformation (1798), in which a Pennsylvania German, engulfed by a wave of religious fanaticism, hears voices and slays his wife and children as a sacrifice. His sister Clara, who tells the pages is a word essay, story, narrowly escapes. The scene, laid at the woodland estate of Mittingen on mythology essay the Schuylkill’s remote reaches, is drawn with extreme vividness; and the terrors of Clara, beset by spectral tones, gathering fears, and the sound of strange footsteps in the lonely house, are all shaped with truly artistic force. In the end a lame ventriloquial explanation is offered, but the atmosphere is genuine while it lasts.

Carwin, the malign ventriloquist, is a typical villain of the Manfred or Montoni type. Horror in literature attains a new malignity in pages 1500 word the work of Matthew Gregory Lewis (17751818), whose novel The Monk (1796) achieved marvellous popularity and protection witness, earned him the nickname of “Monk” Lewis. This young author, educated in is a word essay Germany and saturated with a body of wild Teuton lore unknown to Mrs. Mythology Essay. Radcliffe, turned to terror in how many pages word essay forms more violent than his gentle predecessor had ever dared to think of; and write and biosphere, produced as a result a masterpiece of active nightmare whose general Gothic cast is spiced with added stores of ghoulishness. The story is how many, one of a Spanish monk, Ambrosio, who from penn dissertations a state of overproud virtue is tempted to the very nadir of how many pages is a word, evil by a fiend in the guise of the maiden Matilda; and mythology essay, who is finally, when awaiting death at the Inquisition’s hands, induced to purchase escape at the price of his soul from the Devil, because he deems both body and soul already lost. Forthwith the mocking Fiend snatches him to a lonely place, tells him he has sold his soul in vain since both pardon and a chance for salvation were approaching at the moment of his hideous bargain, and completes the pages word essay, sardonic betrayal by rebuking him for his unnatural crimes, and dissertation protection, casting his body down a precipice whilst his soul is borne off for ever to perdition.

The novel contains some appalling descriptions such as the incantation in the vaults beneath the convent cemetery, the burning of the convent, and the final end of the wretched abbot. 1500 Essay. In the protection, sub-plot where the Marquis de las Cisternas meets the spectre of his erring ancestress, The Bleeding Nun, there are many enormously potent strokes; notably the visit of the animated corpse to the Marquis’s bedside, and the cabbalistic ritual whereby the Wandering Jew helps him to fathom and banish his dead tormentor. Nevertheless The Monk drags sadly when read as a whole. Is A. It is protection witness, too long and too diffuse, and much of its potency is marred by flippancy and by an awkwardly excessive reaction against those canons of decorum which Lewis at how many is a first despised as prudish. One great thing may be said of the author; that he never ruined his ghostly visions with a natural explanation.

He succeeded in essays american beauty breaking up the Radcliffian tradition and expanding the field of the Gothic novel. Lewis wrote much more than The Monk. Pages 1500 Essay. His drama, The Castle Spectre, was produced in 1798, and he later found time to pen other fictions in ballad form Tales of Terror (1799), Tales of Wonder (1801), and a succession of translations from the beauty, German. Gothic romances, both English and German, now appeared in multitudinous and mediocre profusion. Most of them were merely ridiculous in the light of mature taste, and Miss Austen’s famous satire Northanger Abbey was by no means an unmerited rebuke to a school which had sunk far toward absurdity. This particular school was petering out, but before its final subordination there arose its last and greatest figure in the person of Charles Robert Maturin (17821824), an how many essay obscure and eccentric Irish clergyman. Out of an ample body of miscellaneous writing which includes one confused Radcliffian imitation called Fatal Revenge; or, The Family of Montorio (1807), Maturin at length evolved the vivid horror-masterpiece of Melmoth the Wanderer (1820), in penn dissertations which the Gothic tale climbed to altitudes of sheer spiritual fright which it had never known before. Melmoth is the tale of an Irish gentleman who, in the seventeenth century, obtained a preternaturally extended life from the Devil at the price of his soul. If he can persuade another to take the bargain off his hands, and assume his existing state, he can be saved; but this he can never manage to pages is a 1500 essay, effect, no matter how assiduously he haunts those whom despair has made reckless and frantic.

The framework of the story is very clumsy; involving tedious length, digressive episodes, narratives within narratives, and laboured dovetailing and coincidences; but at various points in the endless rambling there is felt a pulse of power undiscoverable in any previous work of this kinda kinship to essays beauty, the essential truth of human nature, an understanding of the profoundest sources of actual cosmic fear, and pages essay, a white heat of sympathetic passion on the writer’s part which makes the book a true document of aesthetic self-expression rather than a mere clever compound of dissertation protection, artifice. No unbiassed reader can doubt that with Melmoth an enormous stride in the evolution of the horror-tale is represented. Fear is is a word, taken out of the realm of the conventional and exalted into against essay, a hideous cloud over mankind’s very destiny. Maturin’s shudders, the work of one capable of shuddering himself, are of the sort that convince. Mrs. Radcliffe and Lewis are fair game for pages 1500 essay the parodist, but it would be difficult to find a false note in the feverishly intensified action and high atmospheric tension of the Irishman whose less sophisticated emotions and conservation, strain of Celtic mysticism gave him the finest possible natural equipment for his task. Without a doubt Maturin is a man of authentic genius, and how many is a, he was so recognised by Balzac, who grouped Melmoth with Molière’s Don Juan, Goethe’s Faust, and Byron’s Manfred as the supreme allegorical figures of modern European literature, and wrote a whimsical piece called “Melmoth Reconciled”, in which the essays in reformed dogmatics, Wanderer succeeds in is a essay passing his infernal bargain on to a Parisian bank defaulter, who in turn hands it along a chain of victims until a revelling gambler dies with it in his possession, and by his damnation ends the curse. Scott, Rossetti, Thackeray, and Baudelaire are the other titans who gave Maturin their unqualified admiration, and there is much significance in essays the fact that Oscar Wilde, after his disgrace and exile, chose for his last days in Paris the assumed name of “Sebastian Melmoth”. Melmoth contains scenes which even now have not lost their power to how many is a essay, evoke dread.

It begins with a deathbedan old miser is write conservation, dying of sheer fright because of something he has seen, coupled with a manuscript he has read and how many pages is a 1500 word essay, a family portrait which hangs in an obscure closet of his centuried home in County Wicklow. He sends to Trinity College, Dublin, for his nephew John; and the latter upon arriving notes many uncanny things. The eyes of the portrait in the closet glow horribly, and twice a figure strangely resembling the portrait appears momentarily at the door. Witness. Dread hangs over that house of the Melmoths, one of how many pages is a 1500 word, whose ancestors, “J. Melmoth, 1646”, the portrait represents. Write And Biosphere Conservation. The dying miser declares that this manat a date slightly before 1800is alive. Finally the pages is a 1500, miser dies, and the nephew is told in the will to destroy both the portrait and mythology essay, a manuscript to be found in a certain drawer. Reading the manuscript, which was written late in the seventeenth century by an Englishman named Stanton, young John learns of a terrible incident in Spain in 1677, when the writer met a horrible fellow- countryman and how many pages is a 1500 essay, was told of how he had stared to death a priest who tried to denounce him as one filled with fearsome evil. Polygamy Essay. Later, after meeting the man again in London, Stanton is cast into a madhouse and visited by the stranger, whose approach is heralded by spectral music and whose eyes have a more than mortal glare. Melmoth the how many pages 1500, Wandererfor such is the malign visitoroffers the captive freedom if he will take over beauty his bargain with the Devil; but like all others whom Melmoth has approached, Stanton is proof against temptation. Melmoth’s description of the how many pages is a 1500, horrors of a life in a madhouse, used to tempt Stanton, is protection witness, one of the most potent passages of the book.

Stanton is at is a word length liberated, and spends the rest of polygamy essay, his life tracking down Melmoth, whose family and ancestral abode he discovers. With the family he leaves the manuscript, which by young John’s time is sadly ruinous and fragmentary. How Many Pages Is A 1500. John destroys both portrait and essays, manuscript, but in sleep is visited by his horrible ancestor, who leaves a black and how many 1500, blue mark on his wrist. Young John soon afterward receives as a visitor a shipwrecked Spaniard, Alonzo de Monçada, who has escaped from compulsory monasticism and from the essays about american beauty, perils of the Inquisition. He has suffered horriblyand the how many is a 1500, descriptions of his experiences under torment and in the vaults through which he once essays escape are classicbut had the strength to mythology essay, resist Melmoth the Wanderer when approached at his darkest hour in how many pages is a word essay prison. At the house of a Jew who sheltered him after his escape he discovers a wealth of manuscript relating other exploits of Melmoth including his wooing of an Indian island maiden, Immalee, who later comes to her birthright in Spain and is known as Donna Isidora; and of his horrible marriage to her by the corpse of a dead anchorite at mythology essay midnight in how many is a word essay the ruined chapel of penn, a shunned and abhorred monastery. Monçada’s narrative to young John takes up the bulk of pages 1500, Maturin’s four-volume book; this disproportion being considered one of the chief technical faults of the composition. At last the colloquies of John and Monçada are interrupted by the entrance of Melmoth the Wanderer himself, his piercing eyes now fading, and decrepitude swiftly overtaking him. The term of his bargain has approached its end, and he has come home after a century and a half to meet his fate. Warning all others from the feminist and womanist dogmatics, room, no matter what sounds they may hear in the night, he awaits the end alone. Young John and Monçada hear frightful ululations, but do not intrude till silence comes toward morning.

They then find the room empty. How Many Pages Is A 1500. Clayey footprints lead out a rear door to a cliff overlooking the sea, and protection witness, near the edge of the precipice is a track indicating the essay, forcible dragging of some heavy body. The Wanderer’s scarf is found on penn a crag some distance below the brink, but nothing further is ever seen or heard of him. Such is the story, and none can fail to how many is a word essay, notice the difference between this modulated, suggestive, and artistically moulded horror andto use the words of Professor George Saintsbury“the artful but rather jejune rationalism of Mrs. Radcliffe, and the too often puerile extravagance, the bad taste, and essays about american beauty, the sometimes slipshod style of Lewis.” Maturin’s style in itself deserves particular praise, for how many pages 1500 word its forcible directness and vitality lift it altogether above the pompous artificialities of which his predecessors are guilty.

Professor Edith Birkhead, in her history of the Gothic novel, justly observes that with all his faults Maturin was the greatest as well as the last of the Goths. Essays About American Beauty. Melmoth was widely read and eventually dramatised, but its late date in the evolution of the Gothic tale deprived it of the tumultuous popularity of Udolpho and The Monk. Meanwhile other hands had not been idle, so that above the dreary plethora of trash like Marquis von Grosse’s Horrid Mysteries (1796), Mrs. Roche’s Children of the Abbey (1796), Miss Dacre’s Zofloya; or, The Moor (1806), and the poet Shelley’s schoolboy effusions Zastrozzi (1810) and St. Irvyne (1811) (both imitations of Zofloya ) there arose many memorable weird works both in English and German. Classic in merit, and how many, markedly different from its fellows because of its foundation in the Oriental tale rather than the Walpolesque Gothic novel, is the celebrated History of the Caliph Vathek by the wealthy dilettante William Beckford, first written in feminist and womanist essays dogmatics the French language but published in an English translation before the appearance of the original. Eastern tales, introduced to European literature early in the eighteenth century through Galland’s French translation of the inexhaustibly opulent Arabian Nights, had become a reigning fashion; being used both for allegory and for amusement. The sly humour which only the how many is a word, Eastern mind knows how to mix with weirdness had captivated a sophisticated generation, till Bagdad and Damascus names became as freely strown through popular literature as dashing Italian and Spanish ones were soon to be. Beckford, well read in Eastern romance, caught the atmosphere with unusual receptivity; and in his fantastic volume reflected very potently the haughty luxury, sly disillusion, bland cruelty, urbane treachery, and mythology essay, shadowy spectral horror of the how many pages, Saracen spirit.

His seasoning of the ridiculous seldom mars the force of polygamy, his sinister theme, and the tale marches onward with a phantasmagoric pomp in which the laughter is that of skeletons feasting under Arabesque domes. Vathek is a tale of the grandson of the pages is a essay, Caliph Haroun, who, tormented by that ambition for super-terrestrial power, pleasure, and learning which animates the average Gothic villain or Byronic hero (essentially cognate types), is and womanist essays dogmatics, lured by an evil genius to seek the subterranean throne of the mighty and fabulous pre-Adamite sultans in the fiery halls of Eblis, the Mahometan Devil. The descriptions of Vathek’s palaces and diversions, of his scheming sorceress-mother Carathis and her witch-tower with the fifty one-eyed negresses, of his pilgrimage to the haunted ruins of 1500 essay, Istakhar (Persepolis) and of the impish bride Nouronihar whom he treacherously acquired on protection the way, of Istakhar’s primordial towers and terraces in the burning moonlight of the waste, and of the terrible Cyclopean halls of Eblis, where, lured by glittering promises, each victim is compelled to wander in anguish for ever, his right hand upon his blazingly ignited and eternally burning heart, are triumphs of how many pages is a word essay, weird colouring which raise the book to a permanent place in English letters. No less notable are the mythology essay, three Episodes of Vathek, intended for insertion in the tale as narratives of Vathek’s fellow-victims in Eblis’ infernal halls, which remained unpublished throughout the is a, author’s lifetime and were discovered as recently as 1909 by the scholar Lewis Melville whilst collecting material for his Life and Letters of William Beckford. Beckford, however, lacks the essential mysticism which marks the mythology essay, acutest form of the weird; so that his tales have a certain knowing Latin hardness and clearness preclusive of sheer panic fright. But Beckford remained alone in his devotion to pages is a word essay, the Orient. Other writers, closer to mythology essay, the Gothic tradition and to European life in general, were content to follow more faithfully in the lead of Walpole. Among the pages is a 1500, countless producers of terror-literature in these times may be mentioned the Utopian economic theorist William Godwin, who followed his famous but non-supernatural Caleb Williams (1794) with the intendedly weird St. Leon (1799), in which the an essay on man and biosphere conservation, theme of the is a, elixir of life, as developed by the imaginary secret order of “Rosicrucians”, is dissertation witness, handled with ingeniousness if not with atmospheric convincingness. This element of Rosicrucianism, fostered by a wave of popular magical interest exemplified in the vogue of the charlatan Cagliostro and is a word, the publication of Francis Barrett’s The Magus (1801), a curious and compendious treatise on occult principles and ceremonies, of which a reprint was made as lately as 1896, figures in Bulwer-Lytton and in many late Gothic novels, especially that remote and enfeebled posterity which straggled far down into the nineteenth century and was represented by George W. M. Reynolds’ Faust and the Demon and Wagner, the Wehr-wolf. Caleb Williams, though non-supernatural, has many authentic touches of terror.

It is the tale of a servant persecuted by a master whom he has found guilty of murder, and displays an invention and skill which have kept it alive in a fashion to this day. It was dramatised as The Iron Chest, and in that form was almost equally celebrated. Dissertations. Godwin, however, was too much the conscious teacher and prosaic man of thought to pages essay, create a genuine weird masterpiece. His daughter, the wife of Shelley, was much more successful; and her inimitable Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818) is one of the horror-classics of all time. Penn. Composed in competition with her husband, Lord Byron, and Dr. John William Polidori in an effort to prove supremacy in horror-making, Mrs.

Shelley’s Frankenstein was the only one of the rival narratives to be brought to an elaborate completion; and criticism has failed to prove that the best parts are due to Shelley rather than to her. The novel, somewhat tinged but scarcely marred by moral didacticism, tells of the artificial human being moulded from charnel fragments by Victor Frankenstein, a young Swiss medical student. Created by its designer “in the mad pride of pages 1500 word essay, intellectuality”, the monster possesses full intelligence but owns a hideously loathsome form. It is rejected by mankind, becomes embittered, and at length begins the successive murder of all whom young Frankenstein loves best, friends and family. It demands that Frankenstein create a wife for it; and when the student finally refuses in feminist essays in reformed horror lest the world be populated with such monsters, it departs with a hideous threat ‘to be with him on his wedding night’. Upon that night the bride is strangled, and from that time on Frankenstein hunts down the monster, even into the wastes of the Arctic. In the end, whilst seeking shelter on the ship of the man who tells the story, Frankenstein himself is killed by the shocking object of his search and creation of is a 1500 word, his presumptuous pride.

Some of the feminist essays in reformed, scenes in pages word essay Frankenstein are unforgettable, as when the newly animated monster enters its creator’s room, parts the curtains of his bed, and gazes at him in the yellow moonlight with watery eyes“if eyes they may be called”. Mrs. Shelley wrote other novels, including the fairly notable Last Man; but never duplicated the success of her first effort. Penn Dissertations. It has the true touch of cosmic fear, no matter how much the movement may lag in places. Essay. Dr. Mythology Essay. Polidori developed his competing idea as a long short story, “The Vampyre”; in which we behold a suave villain of the true Gothic or Byronic type, and encounter some excellent passages of stark fright, including a terrible nocturnal experience in a shunned Grecian wood. In this same period Sir Walter Scott frequently concerned himself with the weird, weaving it into many of his novels and poems, and sometimes producing such independent bits of narration as “The Tapestried Chamber” or “Wandering Willie’s Tale” in Redgauntlet, in the latter of which the force of the spectral and the diabolic is enhanced by a grotesque homeliness of is a 1500 word essay, speech and atmosphere.

In 1830 Scott published his Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft, which still forms one of our best compendia of European witch-lore. Washington Irving is another famous figure not unconnected with the weird; for though most of his ghosts are too whimsical and humorous to against, form genuinely spectral literature, a distinct inclination in this direction is to be noted in many of his productions. “The German Student” in Tales of a Traveller (1824) is a slyly concise and effective presentation of the old legend of the how many pages 1500 essay, dead bride, whilst woven into the comic tissue of essays, “The Money-Diggers” in the same volume is is a essay, more than one hint of piratical apparitions in about american the realms which Captain Kidd once roamed. Thomas Moore also joined the ranks of the macabre artists in the poem Alciphron, which he later elaborated into the prose novel of The Epicurean (1827). Though merely relating the adventures of a young Athenian duped by the artifice of cunning Egyptian priests, Moore manages to is a, infuse much genuine horror into his account of subterranean frights and wonders beneath the mythology essay, primordial temples of Memphis. De Quincey more than once revels in grotesque and arabesque terrors, though with a desultoriness and learned pomp which deny him the rank of specialist. This era likewise saw the rise of William Harrison Ainsworth, whose romantic novels teem with the eerie and the gruesome. Capt. Marryat, besides writing such short tales as “The Werewolf”, made a memorable contribution in The Phantom Ship (1839), founded on the legend of the Flying Dutchman, whose spectral and is a essay, accursed vessel sails for ever near the Cape of Good Hope. And Biosphere. Dickens now rises with occasional weird bits like “The Signalman”, a tale of ghostly warning conforming to a very common pattern and touched with a verisimilitude which allies it as much with the coming psychological school as with the dying Gothic school.

At this time a wave of interest in spiritualistic charlatanry, mediumism, Hindoo theosophy, and such matters, much like that of the present day, was flourishing; so that the number of weird tales with a “psychic” or pseudo-scientific basis became very considerable. For a number of these the prolific and popular Lord Edward Bulwer-Lytton was responsible; and despite the how many essay, large doses of turgid rhetoric and empty romanticism in his products, his success in the weaving of a certain kind of mythology essay, bizarre charm cannot be denied. “The House and the Brain”, which hints of Rosicrucianism and at word a malign and deathless figure perhaps suggested by Louis XV’s mysterious courtier St. Germain, yet survives as one of the best short haunted-house tales ever written. The novel Zanoni (1842) contains similar elements more elaborately handled, and introduces a vast unknown sphere of being pressing on our own world and guarded by a horrible “Dweller of the Threshold” who haunts those who try to enter and fail. Here we have a benign brotherhood kept alive from age to penn dissertations, age till finally reduced to a single member, and as a hero an ancient Chaldaean sorcerer surviving in the pristine bloom of youth to perish on the guillotine of the French Revolution. Though full of the conventional spirit of how many is a 1500 essay, romance, marred by a ponderous network of symbolic and didactic meanings, and left unconvincing through lack of penn, perfect atmospheric realisation of the pages is a essay, situations hinging on the spectral world, Zanoni is really an excellent performance as a romantic novel; and can be read with genuine interest today by penn dissertations the not too sophisticated reader. It is amusing to note that in describing an attempted initiation into the ancient brotherhood the 1500 word essay, author cannot escape using the stock Gothic castle of Walpolian lineage.

In A Strange Story (1862) Bulwer-Lytton shews a marked improvement in the creation of weird images and moods. The novel, despite enormous length, a highly artificial plot bolstered up by opportune coincidences, and an atmosphere of homiletic pseudo-science designed to please the matter-of-fact and purposeful Victorian reader, is exceedingly effective as a narrative; evoking instantaneous and unflagging interest, and furnishing many potentif somewhat melodramatictableaux and climaxes. Again we have the mysterious user of life’s elixir in the person of the and biosphere conservation, soulless magician Margrave, whose dark exploits stand out with dramatic vividness against the modern background of a quiet English town and of the is a 1500 word essay, Australian bush; and dissertations, again we have shadowy intimations of 1500 word essay, a vast spectral world of the unknown in the very air about usthis time handled with much greater power and vitality than in Zanoni. One of the two great incantation passages, where the hero is mythology essay, driven by a luminous evil spirit to pages is a 1500 word, rise at night in his sleep, take a strange Egyptian wand, and evoke nameless presences in feminist essays in reformed the haunted and mausoleum-facing pavilion of how many 1500 word, a famous Renaissance alchemist, truly stands among the major terror scenes of literature. Just enough is suggested, and just little enough is told. Unknown words are twice dictated to the sleep-walker, and as he repeats them the ground trembles, and all the dogs of the countryside begin to bay at half-seen amorphous shadows that stalk athwart the moonlight. When a third set of unknown words is prompted, the sleep-walker’s spirit suddenly rebels at uttering them, as if the write an essay on man, soul could recognise ultimate abysmal horrors concealed from the mind; and at last an apparition of an absent sweetheart and good angel breaks the pages is a 1500, malign spell. Essays American Beauty. This fragment well illustrates how far Lord Lytton was capable of progressing beyond his usual pomp and how many 1500 essay, stock romance toward that crystalline essence of artistic fear which belongs to the domain of poetry.

In describing certain details of feminist and womanist essays, incantations, Lytton was greatly indebted to his amusingly serious occult studies, in the course of which he came in touch with that odd French scholar and cabbalist Alphonse-Louis Constant (“Eliphas Lévi”), who claimed to possess the secrets of ancient magic, and to have evoked the spectre of the old Grecian wizard Apollonius of Tyana, who lived in Nero’s time. The romantic, semi-Gothic, quasi-moral tradition here represented was carried far down the nineteenth century by such authors as Joseph Sheridan LeFanu, Thomas Preskett Prest with his famous Varney, the how many 1500, Vampyre (1847), Wilkie Collins, the late Sir H. Rider Haggard (whose She is really remarkably good), Sir A. Conan Doyle, H. About. G. Wells, and Robert Louis Stevensonthe latter of whom, despite an atrocious tendency toward jaunty mannerisms, created permanent classics in “Markheim”, “The Body-Snatcher”, and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Indeed, we may say that this school still survives; for to pages is a word, it clearly belong such of our contemporary horror-tales as specialise in events rather than atmospheric details, address the intellect rather than the impressionistic imagination, cultivate a luminous glamour rather than a malign tensity or psychological verisimilitude, and take a definite stand in sympathy with mankind and its welfare.

It has its undeniable strength, and because of its “human element” commands a wider audience than does the sheer artistic nightmare. If not quite so potent as the mythology essay, latter, it is because a diluted product can never achieve the intensity of a concentrated essence. Quite alone both as a novel and how many is a, as a piece of terror-literature stands the famous Wuthering Heights (1847) by Emily Brontë, with its mad vista of bleak, windswept Yorkshire moors and the violent, distorted lives they foster. Against Polygamy. Though primarily a tale of life, and of human passions in agony and conflict, its epically cosmic setting affords room for horror of the most spiritual sort. Heathcliff, the modified Byronic villain-hero, is a strange dark waif found in the streets as a small child and speaking only a strange gibberish till adopted by the family he ultimately ruins. That he is in truth a diabolic spirit rather than a human being is more than once suggested, and the unreal is further approached in the experience of the visitor who encounters a plaintive child-ghost at a bough-brushed upper window. Between Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw is a tie deeper and more terrible than human love. After her death he twice disturbs her grave, and is haunted by an impalpable presence which can be nothing less than her spirit. The spirit enters his life more and more, and at how many pages is a word last he becomes confident of some imminent mystical reunion. He says he feels a strange change approaching, and ceases to take nourishment.

At night he either walks abroad or opens the casement by his bed. When he dies the casement is still swinging open to the pouring rain, and a queer smile pervades the stiffened face. They bury him in mythology essay a grave beside the mound he has haunted for eighteen years, and small shepherd boys say that he yet walks with his Catherine in the churchyard and on 1500 word the moor when it rains. Penn. Their faces, too, are sometimes seen on rainy nights behind that upper casement at Wuthering Heights. Miss Brontë’s eerie terror is no mere Gothic echo, but a tense expression of man’s shuddering reaction to the unknown. In this respect, Wuthering Heights becomes the symbol of a literary transition, and essay, marks the growth of dissertation protection, a new and sounder school. On the Continent literary horror fared well. The celebrated short tales and novels of how many pages word, Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann (17761822) are a byword for mellowness of background and an essay and biosphere, maturity of form, though they incline to levity and how many pages 1500, extravagance, and lack the exalted moments of penn dissertations, stark, breathless terror which a less sophisticated writer might have achieved.

Generally they convey the grotesque rather than the terrible. Most artistic of all the Continental weird tales is the German classic Undine (1811), by Friedrich Heinrich Karl, Baron de la Motte Fouqué. In this story of a water-spirit who married a mortal and gained a human soul there is a delicate fineness of craftsmanship which makes it notable in any department of literature, and an easy naturalness which places it close to the genuine folk-myth. It is, in fact, derived from a tale told by the Renaissance physician and alchemist Paracelsus in his Treatise on Elemental Sprites. Undine, daughter of how many pages word, a powerful water-prince, was exchanged by her father as a small child for a fisherman’s daughter, in order that she might acquire a soul by wedding a human being.

Meeting the noble youth Huldbrand at the cottage of her foster-father by the sea at the edge of dissertations, a haunted wood, she soon marries him, and accompanies him to his ancestral castle of Ringstetten. Huldbrand, however, eventually wearies of his wife’s supernatural affiliations, and especially of the appearances of her uncle, the 1500 essay, malicious woodland waterfall-spirit Kühleborn; a weariness increased by his growing affection for Bertalda, who turns out to be the fisherman’s child for whom Undine was exchanged. At length, on dissertations a voyage down the Danube, he is provoked by some innocent act of his devoted wife to utter the how many 1500 essay, angry words which consign her back to her supernatural element; from which she can, by the laws of her species, return only onceto kill him, whether she will or no, if ever he prove unfaithful to her memory. Later, when Huldbrand is about to be married to Bertalda, Undine returns for her sad duty, and bears his life away in tears. When he is buried among his fathers in write an essay and biosphere the village churchyard a veiled, snow-white female figure appears among the mourners, but after the prayer is seen no more. In her place is seen a little silver spring, which murmurs its way almost completely around the new grave, and empties into a neighbouring lake. The villagers shew it to this day, and say that Undine and her Huldbrand are thus united in death.

Many passages and atmospheric touches in this tale reveal Fouqué as an accomplished artist in the field of the macabre; especially the descriptions of the haunted wood with its gigantic snow-white man and various unnamed terrors, which occur early in the narrative. Not so well known as Undine, but remarkable for its convincing realism and freedom from Gothic stock devices, is the Amber Witch of Wilhelm Meinhold, another product of the German fantastic genius of the earlier nineteenth century. This tale, which is laid in the time of the Thirty Years’ War, purports to be a clergyman’s manuscript found in an old church at Coserow, and centres round the pages word essay, writer’s daughter, Maria Schweidler, who is wrongly accused of witchcraft. She has found a deposit of amber which she keeps secret for mythology essay various reasons, and the unexplained wealth obtained from how many is a 1500 word essay this lends colour to the accusation; an dissertations accusation instigated by how many pages word essay the malice of the wolf-hunting nobleman Wittich Appelmann, who has vainly pursued her with ignoble designs. The deeds of a real witch, who afterward comes to a horrible supernatural end in prison, are glibly imputed to mythology essay, the hapless Maria; and after a typical witchcraft trial with forced confessions under torture she is about to be burned at the stake when saved just in time by her lover, a noble youth from a neighbouring district. How Many 1500 Word Essay. Meinhold’s great strength is in his air of dissertation, casual and pages is a 1500 word essay, realistic verisimilitude, which intensifies our suspense and sense of the dissertation witness, unseen by half persuading us that the menacing events must somehow be either the truth or very close to the truth. Indeed, so thorough is this realism that a popular magazine once published the main points of The Amber Witch as an actual occurrence of the seventeenth century! In the present generation German horror-fiction is how many is a, most notably represented by Hanns Heinz Ewers, who brings to bear on his dark conceptions an effective knowledge of modern psychology. Novels like The Sorcerer’s Apprentice and Alraune, and short stories like “The Spider”, contain distinctive qualities which raise them to a classic level.

But France as well as Germany has been active in the realm of weirdness. Victor Hugo, in such tales as Hans of Iceland, and Balzac, in The Wild Ass’s Skin, Séraphîta, and Louis Lambert, both employ supernaturalism to a greater or less extent; though generally only as a means to some more human end, and without the sincere and daemonic intensity which characterises the born artist in shadows. It is in Théophile Gautier that we first seem to find an authentic French sense of the unreal world, and here there appears a spectral mastery which, though not continuously used, is recognisable at once as something alike genuine and profound. Short tales like “Avatar”, “The Foot of the Mummy”, and “Clarimonde” display glimpses of forbidden visits that allure, tantalise, and sometimes horrify; whilst the Egyptian visions evoked in “One of Cleopatra’s Nights” are of the keenest and most expressive potency. Gautier captured the inmost soul of aeon-weighted Egypt, with its cryptic life and Cyclopean architecture, and uttered once and for all the eternal horror of its nether world of catacombs, where to the end of time millions of penn dissertations, stiff, spiced corpses will stare up in the blackness with glassy eyes, awaiting some awesome and pages is a 1500 word, unrelatable summons. Gustave Flaubert ably continued the tradition of Gautier in orgies of poetic phantasy like The Temptation of St. Anthony, and but for an essay and biosphere conservation a strong realistic bias might have been an arch-weaver of tapestried terrors.

Later on we see the stream divide, producing strange poets and fantaisistes of the Symbolist and Decadent schools whose dark interests really centre more in abnormalities of human thought and how many pages is a word, instinct than in the actual supernatural, and subtle story-tellers whose thrills are quite directly derived from the night-black wells of cosmic unreality. Of the former class of “artists in sin” the illustrious poet Baudelaire, influenced vastly by Poe, is the supreme type; whilst the psychological novelist Joris-Karl Huysmans, a true child of the eighteen-nineties, is at once the summation and finale. The latter and purely narrative class is dissertation, continued by Prosper Mérimée, whose “Venus of 1500 essay, Ille” presents in terse and convincing prose the same ancient statue-bride theme which Thomas Moore cast in ballad form in and womanist in reformed dogmatics “The Ring”. The horror-tales of the powerful and cynical Guy de Maupassant, written as his final madness gradually overtook him, present individualities of their own; being rather the morbid outpourings of a realistic mind in a pathological state than the healthy imaginative products of a vision naturally disposed toward phantasy and sensitive to the normal illusions of the unseen. Nevertheless they are of the keenest interest and poignancy; suggesting with marvellous force the is a essay, imminence of nameless terrors, and the relentless dogging of an ill-starred individual by hideous and menacing representatives of the outer blackness.

Of these stories “The Horla” is generally regarded as the mythology essay, masterpiece. Relating the advent to France of an how many pages is a essay invisible being who lives on water and essays about american, milk, sways the minds of others, and seems to be the vanguard of a horde of extra-terrestrial organisms arrived on earth to subjugate and overwhelm mankind, this tense narrative is perhaps without a peer in its particular department; notwithstanding its indebtedness to a tale by the American Fitz-James O’Brien for details in describing the actual presence of the unseen monster. Other potently dark creations of de Maupassant are “Who Knows?”, “The Spectre”, “He?”, “The Diary of how many is a 1500 word essay, a Madman”, “The White Wolf”, “On the River”, and the grisly verses entitled “Horror”. The collaborators Erckmann-Chatrian enriched French literature with many spectral fancies like The Man-Wolf, in against polygamy which a transmitted curse works toward its end in how many pages essay a traditional Gothic-castle setting. Their power of mythology essay, creating a shuddering midnight atmosphere was tremendous despite a tendency toward natural explanations and scientific wonders; and few short tales contain greater horror than “The Invisible Eye”, where a malignant old hag weaves nocturnal hypnotic spells which induce the successive occupants of a certain inn chamber to hang themselves on a cross-beam. “The Owl’s Ear” and “The Waters of Death” are full of engulfing darkness and mystery, the latter embodying the familiar overgrown-spider theme so frequently employed by weird fictionists.

Villiers de l’Isle-Adam likewise followed the macabre school; his “Torture by Hope”, the tale of a stake-condemned prisoner permitted to escape in order to feel the pangs of how many 1500, recapture, being held by some to constitute the most harrowing short story in literature. This type, however, is less a part of the dissertation, weird tradition than a class peculiar to itselfthe so-called conte cruel, in which the wrenching of the emotions is accomplished through dramatic tantalisations, frustrations, and pages is a word essay, gruesome physical horrors. Mythology Essay. Almost wholly devoted to how many pages essay, this form is the living writer Maurice Level, whose very brief episodes have lent themselves so readily to theatrical adaptation in the “thrillers” of the Grand Guignol. As a matter of essays american beauty, fact, the French genius is more naturally suited to this dark realism than to the suggestion of the unseen; since the latter process requires, for how many pages 1500 its best and dissertation protection, most sympathetic development on a large scale, the inherent mysticism of the how many is a, Northern mind. A very flourishing, though till recently quite hidden, branch of weird literature is that of the Jews, kept alive and feminist and womanist, nourished in obscurity by the sombre heritage of early Eastern magic, apocalyptic literature, and pages is a 1500, cabbalism. The Semitic mind, like the mythology essay, Celtic and Teutonic, seems to possess marked mystical inclinations; and the wealth of underground horror-lore surviving in ghettoes and synagogues must be much more considerable than is generally imagined. Cabbalism itself, so prominent during the Middle Ages, is a system of how many pages is a 1500 essay, philosophy explaining the universe as emanations of the Deity, and involving the polygamy essay, existence of strange spiritual realms and beings apart from the visible world, of which dark glimpses may be obtained through certain secret incantations. Pages 1500 Word. Its ritual is bound up with mystical interpretations of the Old Testament, and attributes an esoteric significance to each letter of the Hebrew alphabeta circumstance which has imparted to Hebrew letters a sort of spectral glamour and potency in penn the popular literature of how many pages 1500 word essay, magic. Jewish folklore has preserved much of the terror and mystery of the past, and when more thoroughly studied is likely to exert considerable influence on weird fiction. The best examples of dissertations, its literary use so far are the pages is a, German novel The Golem, by Gustav Meyrink, and the drama The Dybbuk, by the Jewish writer using the penn, pseudonym “Ansky”.

The former, with its haunting shadowy suggestions of marvels and horrors just beyond reach, is laid in Prague, and describes with singular mastery that city’s ancient ghetto with its spectral, peaked gables. The name is derived from a fabulous artificial giant supposed to be made and animated by 1500 word mediaeval rabbis according to a certain cryptic formula. Essays. The Dybbuk, translated and produced in America in pages is a word essay 1925, and more recently produced as an opera, describes with singular power the possession of a living body by the evil soul of write an essay on man and biosphere, a dead man. Both golems and how many essay, dybbuks are fixed types, and serve as frequent ingredients of later Jewish tradition. In the eighteen-thirties occurred a literary dawn directly affecting not only the history of the mythology essay, weird tale, but that of short fiction as a whole; and indirectly moulding the trends and fortunes of a great European aesthetic school. It is our good fortune as Americans to be able to claim that dawn as our own, for it came in the person of our illustrious and unfortunate fellow-countryman Edgar Allan Poe. Poe’s fame has been subject to curious undulations, and it is now a fashion amongst the “advanced intelligentsia” to minimise his importance both as an artist and as an influence; but it would be hard for pages is a 1500 essay any mature and reflective critic to deny the tremendous value of essays about, his work and the pervasive potency of his mind as an opener of artistic vistas. True, his type of how many pages is a essay, outlook may have been anticipated; but it was he who first realised its possibilities and gave it supreme form and systematic expression. True also, that subsequent writers may have produced greater single tales than his; but again we must comprehend that it was only he who taught them by example and witness, precept the art which they, having the way cleared for them and given an explicit guide, were perhaps able to carry to pages is a word essay, greater lengths. Whatever his limitations, Poe did that which no one else ever did or could have done; and to him we owe the modern horror-story in its final and perfected state. Before Poe the bulk of mythology essay, weird writers had worked largely in how many is a 1500 word the dark; without an understanding of the psychological basis of the horror appeal, and hampered by more or less of conformity to penn dissertations, certain empty literary conventions such as the happy ending, virtue rewarded, and in general a hollow moral didacticism, acceptance of popular standards and values, and striving of the author to pages 1500 word, obtrude his own emotions into the story and take sides with the partisans of the majority’s artificial ideas.

Poe, on the other hand, perceived the essential impersonality of the real artist; and knew that the function of creative fiction is merely to express and interpret events and sensations as they are, regardless of feminist essays, how they tend or what they provegood or evil, attractive or repulsive, stimulating or depressingwith the author always acting as a vivid and detached chronicler rather than as a teacher, sympathiser, or vendor of opinion. He saw clearly that all phases of life and how many is a, thought are equally eligible as subject-matter for the artist, and being inclined by temperament to strangeness and protection witness, gloom, decided to be the interpreter of those powerful feeling, and frequent happenings which attend pain rather than pleasure, decay rather than growth, terror rather than tranquillity, and which are fundamentally either adverse or indifferent to the tastes and traditional outward sentiments of mankind, and to the health, sanity, and 1500 essay, normal expansive welfare of the species. Poe’s spectres thus acquired a convincing malignity possessed by none of their predecessors, and penn, established a new standard of realism in the annals of literary horror. The impersonal and artistic intent, moreover, was aided by a scientific attitude not often found before; whereby Poe studied the human mind rather than the usages of Gothic fiction, and worked with an analytical knowledge of terror’s true sources which doubled the force of his narratives and emancipated him from all the absurdities inherent in merely conventional shudder-coining. This example having been set, later authors were naturally forced to conform to it in order to compete at how many pages is a 1500 word essay all; so that in this way a definite change began to affect the main stream of macabre writing. Poe, too, set a fashion in dissertations consummate craftsmanship; and although today some of how many pages word essay, his own work seems slightly melodramatic and unsophisticated, we can constantly trace his influence in such things as the maintenance of a single mood and achievement of a single impression in a tale, and the rigorous paring down of incidents to such as have a direct bearing on the plot and will figure prominently in the climax.

Truly may it be said that Poe invented the short story in its present form. His elevation of disease, perversity, and decay to write an essay on man and biosphere, the level of artistically expressible themes was likewise infinitely far-reaching in effect; for avidly seized, sponsored, and 1500 essay, intensified by his eminent French admirer Charles Pierre Baudelaire, it became the nucleus of the principal aesthetic movements in France, thus making Poe in mythology essay a sense the father of the Decadents and the Symbolists. Poet and critic by nature and supreme attainment, logician and philosopher by how many taste and mannerism, Poe was by no means immune from defects and affectations. Against Polygamy. His pretence to profound and obscure scholarship, his blundering ventures in stilted and laboured pseudo-humour, and his often vitriolic outbursts of critical prejudice must all be recognised and forgiven. Beyond and above them, and dwarfing them to insignificance, was a master’s vision of the terror that stalks about and within us, and pages is a 1500, the worm that writhes and slavers in the hideously close abyss. Penetrating to every festering horror in the gaily painted mockery called existence, and in the solemn masquerade called human thought and feelings that vision had power to project itself in blackly magical crystallisations and transmutations; till there bloomed in the sterile America of the ’thirties and ’forties such a moon-nourished garden of gorgeous poison fungi as not even the nether slope of penn, Saturn might boast. Verses and how many pages is a 1500 essay, tales alike sustain the polygamy essay, burthen of cosmic panic. Is A 1500 Word Essay. The raven whose noisome beak pierces the heart, the ghouls that toll iron bells in pestilential steeples, the vault of feminist essays in reformed, Ulalume in the black October night, the shocking spires and domes under the sea, the “wild, weird clime that lieth, sublime, out of Spaceout of Time”all these things and more leer at how many is a us amidst maniacal rattlings in the seething nightmare of the poetry. And in about american beauty the prose there yawn open for us the very jaws of the pitinconceivable abnormalities slyly hinted into a horrible half-knowledge by words whose innocence we scarcely doubt till the cracked tension of the speaker’s hollow voice bids us fear their nameless implications; daemoniac patterns and presences slumbering noxiously till waked for one phobic instant into a shrieking revelation that cackles itself to pages 1500 word essay, sudden madness or explodes in memorable and cataclysmic echoes. A Witches’ Sabbath of horror flinging off decorous robes is flashed before usa sight the mythology essay, more monstrous because of the scientific skill with which every particular is how many pages is a 1500 word essay, marshalled and brought into an easy apparent relation to the known gruesomeness of material life. Poe’s tales, of course, fall into several classes; some of which contain a purer essence of spiritual horror than others.

The tales of logic and mythology essay, ratiocination, forerunners of the modern detective story, are not to be included at all in how many pages is a 1500 weird literature; whilst certain others, probably influenced considerably by Hoffmann, possess an extravagance which relegates them to the borderline of the grotesque. Still a third group deal with abnormal psychology and about american beauty, monomania in such a way as to express terror but not weirdness. A substantial residuum, however, represent the literature of supernatural horror in its acutest form; and give their author a permanent and unassailable place as deity and pages 1500, fountain-head of all modern diabolic fiction. Who can forget the terrible swollen ship poised on the billow-chasm’s edge in “MS. Found in protection a Bottle”the dark intimations of her unhallowed age and monstrous growth, her sinister crew of unseeing greybeards, and her frightful southward rush under full sail through the ice of the Antarctic night, sucked onward by some resistless devil-current toward a vortex of eldritch enlightenment which must end in destruction? Then there is the unutterable “M.

Valdemar”, kept together by hypnotism for pages is a 1500 essay seven months after his death, and uttering frantic sounds but a moment before the breaking of the spell leaves him “a nearly liquid mass of loathsomeof detestable putrescence”. In the Narrative of A. Gordon Pym the voyagers reach first a strange south polar land of murderous savages where nothing is white and where vast rocky ravines have the form of titanic Egyptian letters spelling terrible primal arcana of earth; and thereafter a still more mysterious realm where everything is white, and where shrouded giants and snowy-plumed birds guard a cryptic cataract of mist which empties from immeasurable celestial heights into a torrid milky sea. “Metzengerstein” horrifies with its malign hints of a monstrous metempsychosisthe mad nobleman who burns the stable of his hereditary foe; the colossal unknown horse that issues from the blazing building after the owner has perished therein; the vanishing bit of ancient tapestry where was shewn the giant horse of the victim’s ancestor in write on man conservation the Crusades; the madman’s wild and constant riding on the great horse, and his fear and hatred of the steed; the meaningless prophecies that brood obscurely over the warring houses; and finally, the burning of the madman’s palace and the death therein of the owner, borne helpless into the flames and up the vast staircases astride the beast he has ridden so strangely. Afterward the rising smoke of the ruins takes the form of a gigantic horse. “The Man of the Crowd”, telling of how many essay, one who roams day and night to mingle with streams of people as if afraid to be alone, has quieter effects, but implies nothing less of mythology essay, cosmic fear. Poe’s mind was never far from terror and decay, and pages 1500 essay, we see in every tale, poem, and philosophical dialogue a tense eagerness to fathom unplumbed wells of protection, night, to pierce the how many pages, veil of an essay conservation, death, and to how many, reign in fancy as lord of the frightful mysteries of time and space. Certain of mythology essay, Poe’s tales possess an almost absolute perfection of artistic form which makes them veritable beacon-lights in the province of the short story. Poe could, when he wished, give to his prose a richly poetic cast; employing that archaic and Orientalised style with jewelled phrase, quasi-Biblical repetition, and recurrent burthen so successfully used by later writers like Oscar Wilde and Lord Dunsany; and in how many pages is a word the cases where he has done this we have an effect of lyrical phantasy almost narcotic in essencean opium pageant of dream in the language of dream, with every unnatural colour and penn dissertations, grotesque image bodied forth in a symphony of pages essay, corresponding sound. “The Masque of the on man and biosphere conservation, Red Death”, “SilenceA Fable”, and “ShadowA Parable” are assuredly poems in every sense of the word save the how many is a word essay, metrical one, and owe as much of their power to aural cadence as to visual imagery. Feminist And Womanist Dogmatics. But it is in two of the less openly poetic tales, “Ligeia” and “The Fall of the House of Usher”especially the latterthat one finds those very summits of artistry whereby Poe takes his place at the head of is a 1500, fictional miniaturists. Penn Dissertations. Simple and how many pages is a 1500, straightforward in plot, both of these tales owe their supreme magic to the cunning development which appears in the selection and collocation of every least incident. “Ligeia” tells of a first wife of lofty and mysterious origin, who after death returns through a preternatural force of will to take possession of the body of penn, a second wife; imposing even her physical appearance on the temporary reanimated corpse of her victim at is a 1500 word essay the last moment.

Despite a suspicion of prolixity and topheaviness, the narrative reaches its terrific climax with relentless power. “Usher”, whose superiority in detail and proportion is very marked, hints shudderingly of obscure life in inorganic things, and displays an abnormally linked trinity of entities at the end of a long and isolated family historya brother, his twin sister, and their incredibly ancient house all sharing a single soul and meeting one common dissolution at about american the same moment. These bizarre conceptions, so awkward in unskilful hands, become under Poe’s spell living and how many pages is a 1500 word essay, convincing terrors to haunt our nights; and all because the author understood so perfectly the very mechanics and physiology of fear and strangenessthe essential details to emphasise, the precise incongruities and conceits to select as preliminaries or concomitants to horror, the exact incidents and penn dissertations, allusions to throw out innocently in advance as symbols or prefigurings of each major step toward the hideous denouement to come, the nice adjustments of how many word essay, cumulative force and the unerring accuracy in essays about linkage of parts which make for faultless unity throughout and thunderous effectiveness at the climactic moment, the delicate nuances of scenic and landscape value to select in establishing and sustaining the desired mood and vitalising the desired illusionprinciples of this kind, and dozens of obscurer ones too elusive to be described or even fully comprehended by any ordinary commentator. Melodrama and unsophistication there may bewe are told of one fastidious Frenchman who could not bear to read Poe except in Baudelaire’s urbane and Gallically modulated translationbut all traces of such things are wholly overshadowed by a potent and inborn sense of the spectral, the morbid, and the horrible which gushed forth from every cell of the artist’s creative mentality and stamped his macabre work with the 1500, ineffaceable mark of supreme genius. Poe’s weird tales are alive in a manner that few others can ever hope to be. Like most fantaisistes, Poe excels in incidents and broad narrative effects rather than in character drawing. Mythology Essay. His typical protagonist is generally a dark, handsome, proud, melancholy, intellectual, highly sensitive, capricious, introspective, isolated, and sometimes slightly mad gentleman of ancient family and opulent circumstances; usually deeply learned in strange lore, and darkly ambitious of penetrating to forbidden secrets of the universe. Pages Is A Essay. Aside from write on man conservation a high-sounding name, this character obviously derives little from the early Gothic novel; for he is clearly neither the wooden hero nor the diabolical villain of Radcliffian or Ludovician romance.

Indirectly, however, he does possess a sort of how many pages 1500 word essay, genealogical connexion; since his gloomy, ambitious, and anti-social qualities savour strongly of the typical Byronic hero, who in turn is definitely an feminist and womanist in reformed offspring of the Gothic Manfreds, Montonis, and Ambrosios. More particular qualities appear to be derived from the psychology of Poe himself, who certainly possessed much of the depression, sensitiveness, mad aspiration, loneliness, and extravagant freakishness which he attributes to his haughty and solitary victims of how many essay, Fate. The public for dissertation witness whom Poe wrote, though grossly unappreciative of his art, was by 1500 word no means unaccustomed to the horrors with which he dealt. America, besides inheriting the usual dark folklore of Europe, had an additional fund of penn dissertations, weird associations to draw upon; so that spectral legends had already been recognised as fruitful subject-matter for literature. Charles Brockden Brown had achieved phenomenal fame with his Radcliffian romances, and Washington Irving’s lighter treatment of eerie themes had quickly become classic. This additional fund proceeded, as Paul Elmer More has pointed out, from the keen spiritual and theological interests of the first colonists, plus the strange and forbidding nature of the scene into which they were plunged. The vast and gloomy virgin forests in whose perpetual twilight all terrors might well lurk; the hordes of coppery Indians whose strange, saturnine visages and is a, violent customs hinted strongly at traces of infernal origin; the dissertation, free rein given under the influence of Puritan theocracy to all manner of how many 1500 essay, notions respecting man’s relation to the stern and vengeful God of the essays about, Calvinists, and to the sulphureous Adversary of that God, about whom so much was thundered in the pulpits each Sunday; and is a, the morbid introspection developed by an isolated backwoods life devoid of normal amusements and of the recreational mood, harassed by mythology essay commands for theological self-examination, keyed to unnatural emotional repression, and forming above all a mere grim struggle for word essay survivalall these things conspired to produce an environment in against essay which the black whisperings of sinister grandams were heard far beyond the chimney corner, and in which tales of witchcraft and pages word essay, unbelievable secret monstrosities lingered long after the and womanist in reformed, dread days of the 1500 word essay, Salem nightmare. Poe represents the newer, more disillusioned, and more technically finished of the weird schools that rose out of write an essay on man conservation, this propitious milieu. Another schoolthe tradition of moral values, gentle restraint, and mild, leisurely phantasy tinged more or less with the whimsicalwas represented by another famous, misunderstood, and lonely figure in American lettersthe shy and sensitive Nathaniel Hawthorne, scion of pages is a, antique Salem and against polygamy essay, great-grandson of one of the bloodiest of the old witchcraft judges. In Hawthorne we have none of the violence, the daring, the how many is a essay, high colouring, the intense dramatic sense, the cosmic malignity, and the undivided and impersonal artistry of Poe. Here, instead, is a gentle soul cramped by the Puritanism of early New England; shadowed and wistful, and grieved at an unmoral universe which everywhere transcends the conventional patterns thought by our forefathers to represent divine and immutable law.

Evil, a very real force to Hawthorne, appears on mythology essay every hand as a lurking and conquering adversary; and how many is a 1500, the visible world becomes in his fancy a theatre of american beauty, infinite tragedy and woe, with unseen half-existent influences hovering over it and through it, battling for supremacy and moulding the destinies of the hapless mortals who form its vain and self-deluded population. The heritage of American weirdness was his to a most intense degree, and he saw a dismal throng of how many is a word, vague spectres behind the common phenomena of essays, life; but he was not disinterested enough to value impressions, sensations, and beauties of narration for their own sake. How Many Word Essay. He must needs weave his phantasy into some quietly melancholy fabric of didactic or allegorical cast, in which his meekly resigned cynicism may display with naive moral appraisal the perfidy of a human race which he cannot cease to cherish and mourn despite his insight into its hypocrisy. Supernatural horror, then, is never a primary object with Hawthorne; though its impulses were so deeply woven into penn dissertations, his personality that he cannot help suggesting it with the force of genius when he calls upon the unreal world to pages, illustrate the mythology essay, pensive sermon he wishes to preach. Hawthorne’s intimations of the weird, always gentle, elusive, and restrained, may be traced throughout his work. The mood that produced them found one delightful vent in the Teutonised retelling of classic myths for children contained in A Wonder Book and Tanglewood Tales, and at other times exercised itself in casting a certain strangeness and intangible witchery or malevolence over events not meant to is a word, be actually supernatural; as in the macabre posthumous novel Dr. Grimshawe’s Secret, which invests with a peculiar sort of feminist and womanist essays in reformed dogmatics, repulsion a house existing to this day in Salem, and abutting on the ancient Charter Street Burying Ground. In The Marble Faun, whose design was sketched out in an Italian villa reputed to be haunted, a tremendous background of genuine phantasy and how many word essay, mystery palpitates just beyond the common reader’s sight; and glimpses of fabulous blood in mortal veins are hinted at during the course of a romance which cannot help being interesting despite the persistent incubus of against, moral allegory, anti-Popery propaganda, and a Puritan prudery which has caused the late D. H. Lawrence to express a longing to treat the how many is a 1500 word, author in a highly undignified manner. Septimius Felton, a posthumous novel whose idea was to have been elaborated and incorporated into the unfinished Dolliver Romance, touches on the Elixir of Life in a more or less capable fashion; whilst the notes for a never-written tale to be called “The Ancestral Footstep” shew what Hawthorne would have done with an mythology essay intensive treatment of an old English superstitionthat of an pages word essay ancient and accursed line whose members left footprints of blood as they walkedwhich appears incidentally in both Septimius Felton and Dr. Grimshawe’s Secret.

Many of Hawthorne’s shorter tales exhibit weirdness, either of atmosphere or of incident, to a remarkable degree. “Edward Randolph’s Portrait”, in Legends of the Province House, has its diabolic moments. “The Minister’s Black Veil” (founded on an actual incident) and “The Ambitious Guest” imply much more than they state, whilst “Ethan Brand”a fragment of a longer work never completedrises to genuine heights of cosmic fear with its vignette of the wild hill country and the blazing, desolate lime-kilns, and its delineation of the Byronic “unpardonable sinner”, whose troubled life ends with a peal of fearful laughter in the night as he seeks rest amidst the flames of the penn, furnace. Some of Hawthorne’s notes tell of weird tales he would have written had he lived longeran especially vivid plot being that concerning a baffling stranger who appeared now and then in how many pages word essay public assemblies, and who was at last followed and found to come and go from a very ancient grave. But foremost as a finished, artistic unit among all our author’s weird material is the famous and exquisitely wrought novel, The House of the Seven Gables, in which the relentless working out against polygamy essay, of an ancestral curse is how many pages is a word essay, developed with astonishing power against the sinister background of a very ancient Salem houseone of those peaked Gothic affairs which formed the first regular building-up of our New England coast towns, but which gave way after the seventeenth century to essays in reformed dogmatics, the more familiar gambrel-roofed or classic Georgian types now known as “Colonial”. How Many Is A 1500 Essay. Of these old gabled Gothic houses scarcely a dozen are to be seen today in their original condition throughout the United States, but one well known to Hawthorne still stands in Turner Street, Salem, and is pointed out with doubtful authority as the scene and inspiration of the protection witness, romance. Such an edifice, with its spectral peaks, its clustered chimneys, its overhanging second story, its grotesque corner-brackets, and its diamond-paned lattice windows, is indeed an object well calculated to evoke sombre reflections; typifying as it does the dark Puritan age of concealed horror and is a 1500, witch-whispers which preceded the feminist and womanist, beauty, rationality, and spaciousness of the eighteenth century. Hawthorne saw many in his youth, and how many pages is a word essay, knew the black tales connected with some of them. He heard, too, many rumours of a curse upon his own line as the protection witness, result of his great-grandfather’s severity as a witchcraft judge in 1692. From this setting came the immortal taleNew England’s greatest contribution to weird literatureand we can feel in an instant the authenticity of the atmosphere presented to us.

Stealthy horror and disease lurk within the weather-blackened, moss-crusted, and elm-shadowed walls of the archaic dwelling so vividly displayed, and we grasp the brooding malignity of the place when we read that its builderold Colonel Pyncheonsnatched the land with peculiar ruthlessness from its original settler, Matthew Maule, whom he condemned to the gallows as a wizard in the year of the panic. Maule died cursing old Pyncheon“God will give him blood to pages 1500, drink”and the waters of the old well on dissertation protection witness the seized land turned bitter. Maule’s carpenter son consented to build the great gabled house for how many pages word essay his father’s triumphant enemy, but the old Colonel died strangely on the day of its dedication. Then followed generations of odd vicissitudes, with queer whispers about the dark powers of the Maules, and peculiar and write an essay on man and biosphere, sometimes terrible ends befalling the Pyncheons. The overshadowing malevolence of the ancient housealmost as alive as Poe’s House of Usher, though in a subtler waypervades the tale as a recurrent motif pervades an operatic tragedy; and when the main story is reached, we behold the modern Pyncheons in how many pages essay a pitiable state of decay.

Poor old Hepzibah, the eccentric reduced gentlewoman; child-like, unfortunate Clifford, just released from undeserved imprisonment; sly and treacherous Judge Pyncheon, who is the old Colonel all over againall these figures are tremendous symbols, and are well matched by the stunted vegetation and anaemic fowls in the garden. It was almost a pity to supply a fairly happy ending, with a union of sprightly Phoebe, cousin and last scion of the Pyncheons, to the prepossessing young man who turns out to penn dissertations, be the pages is a word essay, last of the Maules. This union, presumably, ends the curse. Beauty. Hawthorne avoids all violence of diction or movement, and keeps his implications of terror well in the background; but occasional glimpses amply serve to sustain the mood and redeem the is a 1500 word essay, work from pure allegorical aridity. Incidents like the bewitching of Alice Pyncheon in the early eighteenth century, and an essay and biosphere, the spectral music of her harpsichord which precedes a death in the familythe latter a variant of an immemorial type of Aryan mythlink the action directly with the supernatural; whilst the dead nocturnal vigil of pages word essay, old Judge Pyncheon in the ancient parlour, with his frightfully ticking watch, is stark horror of the essays, most poignant and genuine sort. How Many. The way in which the Judge’s death is first adumbrated by the motions and sniffing of write an essay and biosphere, a strange cat outside the how many pages is a word essay, window, long before the fact is suspected either by the reader or by any of the characters, is a stroke of genius which Poe could not have surpassed. Later the strange cat watches intently outside that same window in the night and on the next day, forsomething.

It is clearly the dissertations, psychopomp of primeval myth, fitted and adapted with infinite deftness to its latter-day setting. But Hawthorne left no well-defined literary posterity. His mood and pages 1500, attitude belonged to the age which closed with him, and it is the beauty, spirit of Poewho so clearly and realistically understood the natural basis of the horror-appeal and the correct mechanics of how many is a 1500, its achievementwhich survived and blossomed. Among the earliest of Poe’s disciples may be reckoned the brilliant young Irishman Fitz-James O’Brien (18281862), who became naturalised as an American and perished honourably in the Civil War. It is he who gave us “What Was It?”, the first well-shaped short story of a tangible but invisible being, and about american beauty, the prototype of pages is a word essay, de Maupassant’s “Horla”; he also who created the inimitable “Diamond Lens”, in which a young microscopist falls in love with a maiden of an infinitesimal world which he has discovered in a drop of feminist in reformed dogmatics, water. O’Brien’s early death undoubtedly deprived us of some masterful tales of strangeness and terror, though his genius was not, properly speaking, of the same titan quality which characterised Poe and Hawthorne.

Closer to how many word, real greatness was the eccentric and saturnine journalist Ambrose Bierce, born in penn 1842; who likewise entered the Civil War, but survived to write some immortal tales and to disappear in 1913 in as great a cloud of mystery as any he ever evoked from his nightmare fancy. How Many Pages Word Essay. Bierce was a satirist and pamphleteer of note, but the bulk of his artistic reputation must rest upon his grim and savage short stories; a large number of which deal with the polygamy essay, Civil War and form the most vivid and realistic expression which that conflict has yet received in fiction. Virtually all of Bierce’s tales are tales of horror; and whilst many of them treat only of the physical and psychological horrors within Nature, a substantial proportion admit the how many pages is a 1500 word, malignly supernatural and form a leading element in America’s fund of feminist in reformed, weird literature. Mr. Samuel Loveman, a living poet and critic who was personally acquainted with Bierce, thus sums up the genius of the great shadow-maker in the preface to some of his letters: “In ‘The Death of Halpin Frayser’, flowers, verdure, and the boughs and leaves of trees are magnificently placed as an opposing foil to unnatural malignity. Not the accustomed golden world, but a world pervaded with the mystery of blue and the breathless recalcitrance of dreams, is Bierce’s. Yet, curiously, inhumanity is how many pages essay, not altogether absent.” The “inhumanity” mentioned by feminist essays Mr. Loveman finds vent in a rare strain of sardonic comedy and graveyard humour, and how many 1500, a kind of delight in images of cruelty and tantalising disappointment.

The former quality is well illustrated by some of the subtitles in against polygamy essay the darker narratives; such as “One does not always eat what is on the table”, describing a body laid out for a coroner’s inquest, and “A man though naked may be in rags”, referring to how many is a 1500 word essay, a frightfully mangled corpse. Bierce’s work is in write on man and biosphere general somewhat uneven. Many of the stories are obviously mechanical, and marred by how many pages is a 1500 word a jaunty and commonplacely artificial style derived from journalistic models; but the grim malevolence stalking through all of them is unmistakable, and several stand out as permanent mountain-peaks of American weird writing. “The Death of Halpin Frayser”, called by Frederic Taber Cooper the most fiendishly ghastly tale in the literature of the Anglo-Saxon race, tells of a body skulking by night without a soul in a weird and horribly ensanguined wood, and of a man beset by ancestral memories who met death at the claws of that which had been his fervently loved mother. “The Damned Thing”, frequently copied in popular anthologies, chronicles the penn, hideous devastations of an invisible entity that waddles and flounders on the hills and in the wheatfields by night and day. “The Suitable Surroundings” evokes with singular subtlety yet apparent simplicity a piercing sense of the terror which may reside in the written word. In the story the 1500 essay, weird author Colston says to his friend Marsh, “You are brave enough to read me in write on man and biosphere conservation a street-car, butin a deserted housealonein the is a, forestat night! Bah! I have a manuscript in my pocket that would kill you!” Marsh reads the manuscript in feminist in reformed “the suitable surroundings”and it does kill him. “The Middle Toe of the Right Foot” is clumsily developed, but has a powerful climax. A man named Manton has horribly killed his two children and his wife, the is a word, latter of whom lacked the middle toe of the right foot.

Ten years later he returns much altered to the neighbourhood; and, being secretly recognised, is provoked into a bowie-knife duel in feminist the dark, to be held in how many is a essay the now abandoned house where his crime was committed. When the moment of the duel arrives a trick is played upon him; and he is left without an dissertation protection witness antagonist, shut in 1500 essay a night-black ground floor room of the reputedly haunted edifice, with the thick dust of protection witness, a decade on every hand. No knife is drawn against him, for only a thorough scare is intended; but on the next day he is found crouched in a corner with distorted face, dead of is a 1500 word, sheer fright at something he has seen. Witness. The only clue visible to the discoverers is one having terrible implications: “In the dust of how many word, years that lay thick upon the floorleading from the door by which they had entered, straight across the room to within a yard of Manton’s crouching corpsewere three parallel lines of footprintslight but definite impressions of bare feet, the outer ones those of small children, the inner a woman’s. From the point at which they ended they did not return; they pointed all one way.” And, of course, the woman’s prints shewed a lack of the middle toe of the right foot. “The Spook House”, told with a severely homely air of about beauty, journalistic verisimilitude, conveys terrible hints of shocking mystery. In 1858 an entire family of seven persons disappears suddenly and is a word essay, unaccountably from a plantation house in eastern Kentucky, leaving all its possessions untouchedfurniture, clothing, food supplies, horses, cattle, and american beauty, slaves.

About a year later two men of high standing are forced by a storm to take shelter in the deserted dwelling, and in so doing stumble into a strange subterranean room lit by an unaccountable greenish light and having an iron door which cannot be opened from within. In this room lie the decayed corpses of all the missing family; and as one of the discoverers rushes forward to embrace a body he seems to recognise, the how many is a essay, other is so overpowered by a strange foetor that he accidentally shuts his companion in dissertation protection the vault and loses consciousness. Recovering his senses six weeks later, the survivor is unable to find the hidden room; and the house is burned during the Civil War. The imprisoned discoverer is how many pages is a word essay, never seen or heard of again. Bierce seldom realises the atmospheric possibilities of dissertation protection witness, his themes as vividly as Poe; and much of his work contains a certain touch of naiveté, prosaic angularity, or early-American provincialism which contrasts somewhat with the efforts of later horror-masters. Nevertheless the genuineness and artistry of his dark intimations are always unmistakable, so that his greatness is in no danger of eclipse. As arranged in his definitively collected works, Bierce’s weird tales occur mainly in two volumes, Can Such Things Be? and In the Midst of Life. The former, indeed, is almost wholly given over to the supernatural. Much of the best in American horror-literature has come from pens not mainly devoted to that medium.

Oliver Wendell Holmes’s historic Elsie Venner suggests with admirable restraint an unnatural ophidian element in a young woman pre-natally influenced, and sustains the 1500 word, atmosphere with finely discriminating landscape touches. In The Turn of the Screw Henry James triumphs over his inevitable pomposity and prolixity sufficiently well to create a truly potent air of sinister menace; depicting the hideous influence of two dead and evil servants, Peter Quint and the governess Miss Jessel, over a small boy and girl who had been under their care. James is perhaps too diffuse, too unctuously urbane, and too much addicted to subtleties of speech to realise fully all the wild and devastating horror in his situations; but for all that there is a rare and mounting tide of fright, culminating in the death of the little boy, which gives the novelette a permanent place in its special class. F. Protection. Marion Crawford produced several weird tales of varying quality, now collected in a volume entitled Wandering Ghosts. “For the Blood Is the Life” touches powerfully on a case of moon-cursed vampirism near an ancient tower on the rocks of the lonely South Italian sea-coast. “The Dead Smile” treats of family horrors in an old house and an ancestral vault in Ireland, and introduces the banshee with considerable force. “The Upper Berth”, however, is Crawford’s weird masterpiece; and is one of the most tremendous horror-stories in all literature. In this tale of a suicide-haunted stateroom such things as the spectral salt-water dampness, the strangely open porthole, and the nightmare struggle with the nameless object are handled with incomparable dexterity. Very genuine, though not without the typical mannered extravagance of the eighteen-nineties, is the strain of is a 1500 word essay, horror in the early work of Robert W. Chambers, since renowned for products of a very different quality. The King in Yellow, a series of vaguely connected short stories having as a background a monstrous and suppressed book whose perusal brings fright, madness, and spectral tragedy, really achieves notable heights of cosmic fear in spite of essays in reformed, uneven interest and a somewhat trivial and affected cultivation of the Gallic studio atmosphere made popular by Du Maurier’s Trilby. The most powerful of its tales, perhaps, is “The Yellow Sign”, in which is introduced a silent and terrible churchyard watchman with a face like a puffy grave-worm’s. A boy, describing a tussle he has had with this creature, shivers and sickens as he relates a certain detail. “Well, sir, it’s Gawd’s truth that when I ’it ’im ’e grabbed me wrists, sir, and when I twisted ’is soft, mushy fist one of ’is fingers come off in me ’and.” An artist, who after seeing him has shared with another a strange dream of a nocturnal hearse, is shocked by the voice with which the watchman accosts him.

The fellow emits a muttering sound that fills the head like thick oily smoke from a fat-rendering vat or an odour of noisome decay. Pages Word. What he mumbles is merely this: “Have you found the Yellow Sign?” A weirdly hieroglyphed onyx talisman, picked up in the street by the sharer of his dream, is shortly given the artist; and after stumbling queerly upon the hellish and forbidden book of horrors the write an essay on man and biosphere, two learn, among other hideous things which no sane mortal should know, that this talisman is indeed the nameless Yellow Sign handed down from the accursed cult of Hasturfrom primordial Carcosa, whereof the volume treats, and some nightmare memory of which seems to lurk latent and ominous at the back of all men’s minds. Soon they hear the rumbling of the black-plumed hearse driven by the flabby and corpse-faced watchman. He enters the night-shrouded house in quest of the Yellow Sign, all bolts and bars rotting at his touch. And when the people rush in, drawn by is a 1500 word essay a scream that no human throat could utter, they find three forms on the floortwo dead and one dying.

One of the dead shapes is far gone in decay. About. It is the churchyard watchman, and the doctor exclaims, “That man must have been dead for months.” It is worth observing that the author derives most of the names and allusions connected with his eldritch land of how many 1500 essay, primal memory from the tales of Ambrose Bierce. Other early works of Mr. Chambers displaying the outré and macabre element are The Maker of Moons and In Search of the Unknown. One cannot help regretting that he did not further develop a vein in which he could so easily have become a recognised master.

Horror material of authentic force may be found in protection the work of the New England realist Mary E. Wilkins; whose volume of pages is a 1500 word essay, short tales, The Wind in the Rose-Bush, contains a number of noteworthy achievements. Protection Witness. In “The Shadows on the Wall” we are shewn with consummate skill the response of a staid New England household to uncanny tragedy; and the sourceless shadow of the poisoned brother well prepares us for the climactic moment when the shadow of the secret murderer, who has killed himself in a neighbouring city, suddenly appears beside it. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, in “The Yellow Wall Paper”, rises to a classic level in subtly delineating the madness which crawls over a woman dwelling in the hideously papered room where a madwoman was once confined. In “The Dead Valley” the eminent architect and mediaevalist Ralph Adams Cram achieves a memorably potent degree of vague regional horror through subtleties of atmosphere and description. Still further carrying on our spectral tradition is the how many is a 1500 essay, gifted and versatile humourist Irvin S. Cobb, whose work both early and recent contains some finely weird specimens. “Fishhead”, an early achievement, is banefully effective in its portrayal of unnatural affinities between a hybrid idiot and the strange fish of an isolated lake, which at the last avenge their biped kinsman’s murder. Later work of Mr. Mythology Essay. Cobb introduces an element of possible science, as in the tale of hereditary memory where a modern man with a negroid strain utters words in African jungle speech when run down by a train under visual and aural circumstances recalling the maiming of his black ancestor by is a word a rhinoceros a century before. Extremely high in artistic stature is the novel The Dark Chamber (1927), by the late Leonard Cline. This is the tale of a man whowith the characteristic ambition of the Gothic or Byronic hero-villainseeks to defy Nature and recapture every moment of his past life through the abnormal stimulation of memory.

To this end he employs endless notes, records, mnemonic objects, and picturesand finally odours, music, and exotic drugs. At last his ambition goes beyond his personal life and reaches toward the black abysses of hereditary memoryeven back to pre-human days amidst the steaming swamps of the Carboniferous age, and to still more unimaginable deeps of mythology essay, primal time and entity. He calls for how many pages 1500 madder music and penn dissertations, takes stronger drugs, and finally his great dog grows oddly afraid of him. A noxious animal stench encompasses him, and he grows vacant-faced and sub-human. In the end he takes to the woods, howling at night beneath windows. He is pages is a essay, finally found in an essay and biosphere conservation a thicket, mangled to death.

Beside him is the mangled corpse of pages is a 1500 word essay, his dog. They have killed each other. The atmosphere of this novel is penn dissertations, malevolently potent, much attention being paid to the central figure’s sinister home and household. A less subtle and well-balanced but nevertheless highly effective creation is Herbert S. How Many Pages 1500 Essay. Gorman’s novel, The Place Called Dagon, which relates the dark history of a western Massachusetts backwater where the descendants of refugees from the Salem witchcraft still keep alive the against polygamy essay, morbid and degenerate horrors of the Black Sabbat. Sinister House, by Leland Hall, has touches of magnificent atmosphere but is marred by pages is a 1500 essay a somewhat mediocre romanticism.

Very notable in their way are some of the weird conceptions of the novelist and short-story writer Edward Lucas White, most of against polygamy essay, whose themes arise from actual dreams. “The Song of the Sirens” has a very pervasive strangeness, while such things as “Lukundoo” and “The Snout” rouse darker apprehensions. Mr. How Many Pages 1500 Essay. White imparts a very peculiar quality to his talesan oblique sort of glamour which has its own distinctive type of against essay, convincingness. Of younger Americans, none strikes the word essay, note of cosmic terror so well as the California poet, artist, and fictionist Clark Ashton Smith, whose bizarre writings, drawings, paintings, and stories are the dissertation witness, delight of a sensitive few. Mr. Smith has for how many is a word essay his background a universe of remote and paralysing frightjungles of poisonous and iridescent blossoms on the moons of Saturn, evil and grotesque temples in Atlantis, Lemuria, and forgotten elder worlds, and dank morasses of spotted death-fungi in against polygamy spectral countries beyond earth’s rim. His longest and most ambitious poem, The Hashish-Eater, is in how many pages is a 1500 essay pentameter blank verse; and opens up chaotic and incredible vistas of kaleidoscopic nightmare in mythology essay the spaces between the stars. In sheer daemonic strangeness and fertility of conception, Mr. Smith is perhaps unexcelled by any other writer dead or living.

Who else has seen such gorgeous, luxuriant, and feverishly distorted visions of infinite spheres and multiple dimensions and lived to how many pages is a 1500 word essay, tell the tale? His short stories deal powerfully with other galaxies, worlds, and dimensions, as well as with strange regions and aeons on the earth. He tells of primal Hyperborea and its black amorphous god Tsathoggua; of the lost continent Zothique, and of the feminist and womanist in reformed, fabulous, vampire-curst land of Averoigne in mediaeval France. Pages Is A. Some of Mr. Smith’s best work can be found in the brochure entitled The Double Shadow and Other Fantasies (1933). Recent British literature, besides including the three or four greatest fantaisistes of the write an essay conservation, present age, has been gratifyingly fertile in the element of the weird. Rudyard Kipling has often approached it; and has, despite the omnipresent mannerisms, handled it with indubitable mastery in such tales as “The Phantom ’Rickshaw”, “ ‘The Finest Story in the World’ ”, “The Recrudescence of Imray”, and “The Mark of the Beast”. This latter is of particular poignancy; the pictures of the naked leper-priest who mewed like an otter, of the spots which appeared on how many is a 1500 word essay the chest of the and biosphere, man that priest cursed, of the growing carnivorousness of the victim and of the is a 1500 word essay, fear which horses began to display toward him, and of the eventually half-accomplished transformation of that victim into against polygamy, a leopard, being things which no reader is ever likely to forget.

The final defeat of the malignant sorcery does not impair the force of the tale or the validity of its mystery. Lafcadio Hearn, strange, wandering, and exotic, departs still farther from the realm of the real; and with the supreme artistry of a sensitive poet weaves phantasies impossible to an author of the solid roast-beef type. His Fantastics, written in America, contains some of the most impressive ghoulishness in is a essay all literature; whilst his Kwaidan, written in Japan, crystallises with matchless skill and delicacy the eerie lore and whispered legends of that richly colourful nation. Mythology Essay. Still more of Hearn’s weird wizardry of language is shewn in some of his translations from the French, especially from Gautier and Flaubert. His version of the latter’s Temptation of St. How Many Is A Essay. Anthony is a classic of fevered and riotous imagery clad in the magic of singing words. Oscar Wilde may likewise be given a place amongst weird writers, both for certain of his exquisite fairy tales, and for his vivid Picture of Dorian Gray, in which a marvellous portrait for years assumes the duty of ageing and coarsening instead of its original, who meanwhile plunges into every excess of vice and crime without the outward loss of youth, beauty, and freshness. There is a sudden and potent climax when Dorian Gray, at last become a murderer, seeks to destroy the painting whose changes testify to his moral degeneracy. He stabs it with a knife, and mythology essay, a hideous cry and crash are heard; but when the servants enter they find it in all its pristine loveliness. “Lying on the floor was a dead man, in evening dress, with a knife in his heart. He was withered, wrinkled, and how many pages is a word, loathsome of visage. It was not till they had examined the rings that they recognised who it was.”

Matthew Phipps Shiel, author of mythology essay, many weird, grotesque, and adventurous novels and pages word essay, tales, occasionally attains a high level of dissertations, horrific magic. “Xélucha” is a noxiously hideous fragment, but is excelled by Mr. Shiel’s undoubted masterpiece, “The House of Sounds”, floridly written in is a word the “yellow ’nineties”, and re-cast with more artistic restraint in the early twentieth century. This story, in final form, deserves a place among the foremost things of against essay, its kind. It tells of a creeping horror and menace trickling down the centuries on a sub-arctic island off the 1500 essay, coast of Norway; where, amidst the sweep of daemon winds and the ceaseless din of hellish waves and cataracts, a vengeful dead man built a brazen tower of terror. It is vaguely like, yet infinitely unlike, Poe’s “Fall of the penn, House of Usher”. In the novel The Purple Cloud Mr.

Shiel describes with tremendous power a curse which came out of the pages is a 1500 word essay, arctic to destroy mankind, and which for a time appears to have left but a single inhabitant on our planet. Mythology Essay. The sensations of this lone survivor as he realises his position, and roams through the corpse-littered and treasure-strown cities of the world as their absolute master, are delivered with a skill and how many, artistry falling little short of actual majesty. About. Unfortunately the second half of the book, with its conventionally romantic element, involves a distinct “letdown”. Better known than Shiel is the ingenious Bram Stoker, who created many starkly horrific conceptions in a series of novels whose poor technique sadly impairs their net effect. How Many Pages 1500. The Lair of the White Worm, dealing with a gigantic primitive entity that lurks in a vault beneath an ancient castle, utterly ruins a magnificent idea by write an essay conservation a development almost infantile. The Jewel of Seven Stars, touching on a strange Egyptian resurrection, is less crudely written.

But best of all is the famous Dracula, which has become almost the standard modern exploitation of the frightful vampire myth. Is A 1500 Word Essay. Count Dracula, a vampire, dwells in a horrible castle in the Carpathians; but finally migrates to England with the design of populating the country with fellow vampires. How an Englishman fares within Dracula’s stronghold of dissertation protection, terrors, and how the dead fiend’s plot for pages is a 1500 domination is at last defeated, are elements which unite to mythology essay, form a tale now justly assigned a permanent place in English letters. Dracula evoked many similar novels of supernatural horror, among which the best are perhaps The Beetle, by Richard Marsh, Brood of the Witch-Queen, by “Sax Rohmer” (Arthur Sarsfield Ward), and The Door of the Unreal, by how many 1500 word Gerald Biss. The latter handles quite dexterously the standard werewolf superstition. Much subtler and more artistic, and told with singular skill through the juxtaposed narratives of the several characters, is the novel Cold Harbour, by Francis Brett Young, in which an an essay and biosphere conservation ancient house of pages is a essay, strange malignancy is penn, powerfully delineated. The mocking and how many is a 1500, well-nigh omnipotent fiend Humphrey Furnival holds echoes of the Manfred- Montoni type of early Gothic “villain”, but is beauty, redeemed from triteness by many clever individualities.

Only the slight diffuseness of explanation at the close, and the somewhat too free use of divination as a plot factor, keep this tale from approaching absolute perfection. In the novel Witch Wood John Buchan depicts with tremendous force a survival of the how many pages is a word essay, evil Sabbat in a lonely district of Scotland. The description of the black forest with the evil stone, and of the terrible cosmic adumbrations when the essays about, horror is finally extirpated, will repay one for is a word essay wading through the very gradual action and penn dissertations, plethora of Scottish dialect. Some of Mr. Buchan’s short stories are also extremely vivid in their spectral intimations; “The Green Wildebeest”, a tale of pages 1500 essay, African witchcraft, “The Wind in the Portico”, with its awakening of essay, dead Britanno-Roman horrors, and “Skule Skerry”, with its touches of how many pages is a 1500 essay, sub-arctic fright, being especially remarkable.

Clemence Housman, in the brief novelette “The Were-wolf”, attains a high degree of gruesome tension and achieves to some extent the atmosphere of authentic folklore. In The Elixir of Life Arthur Ransome attains some darkly excellent effects despite a general naiveté of plot, while H. B. Drake’s The Shadowy Thing summons up strange and against polygamy, terrible vistas. George Macdonald’s Lilith has a compelling bizarrerie all its own; the first and simpler of the two versions being perhaps the more effective. Deserving of distinguished notice as a forceful craftsman to whom an unseen mystic world is ever a close and vital reality is the poet Walter de la Mare, whose haunting verse and exquisite prose alike bear consistent traces of a strange vision reaching deeply into veiled spheres of beauty and terrible and pages is a 1500 word, forbidden dimensions of being. American. In the novel The Return we see the soul of a dead man reach out of its grave of two centuries and fasten itself upon the flesh of the living, so that even the face of the victim becomes that which had long ago returned to dust. Of the shorter tales, of which several volumes exist, many are unforgettable for their command of fear’s and sorcery’s darkest ramifications; notably “Seaton’s Aunt”, in which there lowers a noxious background of malignant vampirism; “The Tree”, which tells of a frightful vegetable growth in the yard of a starving artist; “Out of the Deep”, wherein we are given leave to imagine what thing answered the summons of a dying wastrel in pages is a essay a dark lonely house when he pulled a long-feared bell-cord in against polygamy the attic chamber of his dread-haunted boyhood; “A Recluse”, which hints at what sent a chance guest flying from a house in the night; “Mr. Kempe”, which shews us a mad clerical hermit in how many pages is a essay quest of the human soul, dwelling in a frightful sea-cliff region beside an archaic abandoned chapel; and “All-Hallows”, a glimpse of daemoniac forces besieging a lonely mediaeval church and miraculously restoring the write on man conservation, rotting masonry. De la Mare does not make fear the sole or even the dominant element of how many word essay, most of dogmatics, his tales, being apparently more interested in the subtleties of character involved.

Occasionally he sinks to sheer whimsical phantasy of the Barrie order. Still, he is among the how many word essay, very few to whom unreality is a vivid, living presence; and as such he is able to put into his occasional fear-studies a keen potency which only feminist essays in reformed dogmatics a rare master can achieve. His poem “The Listeners” restores the Gothic shudder to modern verse. The weird short story has fared well of how many is a 1500 word essay, late, an important contributor being the versatile E. F. Benson, whose “The Man Who Went Too Far” breathes whisperingly of a house at the edge of essay, a dark wood, and of Pan’s hoof-mark on how many word essay the breast of a dead man. Penn Dissertations. Mr.

Benson’s volume, Visible and Invisible, contains several stories of singular power; notably “Negotium Perambulans”, whose unfolding reveals an abnormal monster from an ancient ecclesiastical panel which performs an act of miraculous vengeance in pages is a essay a lonely village on against essay the Cornish coast, and “The Horror-Horn”, through which lopes a terrible half-human survival dwelling on unvisited Alpine peaks. “The Face”, in another collection, is lethally potent in its relentless aura of doom. H. R. How Many Pages. Wakefield, in penn dissertations his collections They Return at Evening and Others Who Return, manages now and then to achieve great heights of horror despite a vitiating air of sophistication. How Many Is A Word. The most notable stories are “The Red Lodge” with its slimy aqueous evil, “‘He Cometh and He Passeth By’”, “‘And He Shall Sing . . An Essay On Man. .’”, “The Cairn”, “‘Look Up There!’”, “Blind Man’s Buff”, and that bit of lurking millennial horror, “The Seventeenth Hole at Duncaster”. Mention has been made of the weird work of H. G. Wells and A. Conan Doyle. The former, in how many 1500 word essay “The Ghost of about beauty, Fear”, reaches a very high level; while all the items in Thirty Strange Stories have strong fantastic implications. Doyle now and then struck a powerfully spectral note, as in “The Captain of the ‘Pole-Star’ ”, a tale of arctic ghostliness, and “Lot No. 249”, wherein the reanimated mummy theme is used with more than ordinary skill. Hugh Walpole, of the same family as the how many 1500 essay, founder of mythology essay, Gothic fiction, has sometimes approached the bizarre with much success; his short story “Mrs.

Lunt” carrying a very poignant shudder. John Metcalfe, in the collection published as The Smoking Leg, attains now and then a rare pitch of potency; the tale entitled “The Bad Lands” containing graduations of horror that strongly savour of pages is a 1500, genius. More whimsical and inclined toward the about, amiable and innocuous phantasy of Sir J. M. Barrie are the short tales of how many 1500, E. M. Forster, grouped under the title of The Celestial Omnibus. Of these only one, dealing with a glimpse of Pan and his aura of fright, may be said to hold the true element of cosmic horror. Mrs. H. D. Everett, though adhering to very old and conventional models, occasionally reaches singular heights of spiritual terror in her collection of short stories.

L. P. Dissertation Witness. Hartley is notable for his incisive and how many pages 1500 word essay, extremely ghastly tale, “A Visitor from Down Under”. May Sinclair’s Uncanny Stories contain more of traditional occultism than of that creative treatment of mythology essay, fear which marks mastery in this field, and are inclined to how many pages is a 1500 essay, lay more stress on human emotions and psychological delving than upon the stark phenomena of a cosmos utterly unreal. It may be well to remark here that occult believers are probably less effective than materialists in delineating the spectral and the fantastic, since to them the phantom world is so commonplace a reality that they tend to refer to it with less awe, remoteness, and impressiveness than do those who see in it an absolute and stupendous violation of the natural order. Of rather uneven stylistic quality, but vast occasional power in its suggestion of lurking worlds and beings behind the ordinary surface of essays american beauty, life, is the work of William Hope Hodgson, known today far less than it deserves to be. 1500 Word. Despite a tendency toward conventionally sentimental conceptions of the universe, and of man’s relation to it and to his fellows, Mr. Hodgson is perhaps second only to Algernon Blackwood in his serious treatment of unreality.

Few can equal him in adumbrating the nearness of nameless forces and monstrous besieging entities through casual hints and insignificant details, or in conveying feelings of the an essay on man and biosphere conservation, spectral and the abnormal in connexion with regions or buildings. In The Boats of the “Glen Carrig” (1907) we are shewn a variety of malign marvels and accursed unknown lands as encountered by the survivors of a sunken ship. The brooding menace in the earlier parts of the book is impossible to surpass, though a letdown in the direction of ordinary romance and adventure occurs toward the end. An inaccurate and pseudo-romantic attempt to reproduce eighteenth-century prose detracts from the general effect, but the really profound nautical erudition everywhere displayed is a compensating factor. The House on how many the Borderland (1908)perhaps the greatest of all Mr. Penn Dissertations. Hodgson’s workstells of a lonely and evilly regarded house in Ireland which forms a focus for hideous other-world forces and sustains a siege by blasphemous hybrid anomalies from a hidden abyss below. The wanderings of the narrator’s spirit through limitless light-years of cosmic space and kalpas of eternity, and how many is a, its witnessing of the solar system’s final destruction, constitute something almost unique in standard literature. Dissertation Witness. And everywhere there is how many pages is a 1500 word, manifest the author’s power to suggest vague, ambushed horrors in natural scenery.

But for a few touches of commonplace sentimentality this book would be a classic of the polygamy, first water. The Ghost Pirates (1909), regarded by Mr. Hodgson as rounding out a trilogy with the two previously mentioned works, is a powerful account of a doomed and haunted ship on its last voyage, and how many 1500 word essay, of the terrible sea-devils (of quasi-human aspect, and on man and biosphere conservation, perhaps the spirits of bygone buccaneers) that besiege it and finally drag it down to an unknown fate. With its command of maritime knowledge, and its clever selection of hints and pages is a 1500 word essay, incidents suggestive of latent horrors in Nature, this book at times reaches enviable peaks of power. The Night Land (1912) is a long-extended (583 pp.) tale of the earth’s infinitely remote futurebillions of mythology essay, billions of years ahead, after the death of the sun. It is told in a rather clumsy fashion, as the how many pages is a 1500 word, dreams of a man in the seventeenth century, whose mind merges with its own future incarnation; and is seriously marred by painful verboseness, repetitiousness, artificial and nauseously sticky romantic sentimentality, and an attempt at mythology essay archaic language even more grotesque and absurd than that in “Glen Carrig”. Allowing for all its faults, it is yet one of the most potent pieces of macabre imagination ever written. How Many Is A. The picture of a night-black, dead planet, with the remains of the human race concentrated in dissertations a stupendously vast metal pyramid and besieged by how many word monstrous, hybrid, and altogether unknown forces of the conservation, darkness, is something that no reader can ever forget. Shapes and entities of an altogether non-human and inconceivable sortthe prowlers of the black, man-forsaken, and unexplored world outside the pages 1500 essay, pyramidare suggested and partly described with ineffable potency; while the night-bound landscape with its chasms and slopes and dying volcanism takes on an almost sentient terror beneath the author’s touch.

Midway in the book the central figure ventures outside the pyramid on write on man and biosphere a quest through death-haunted realms untrod by man for how many pages word millions of yearsand in his slow, minutely described, day-by-day progress over unthinkable leagues of immemorial blackness there is a sense of cosmic alienage, breathless mystery, and terrified expectancy unrivalled in the whole range of literature. The last quarter of the book drags woefully, but fails to spoil the write conservation, tremendous power of the whole. Mr. Hodgson’s later volume, Carnacki, the Ghost-Finder, consists of several longish short stories published many years before in magazines. In quality it falls conspicuously below the level of the other books. We here find a more or less conventional stock figure of the “infallible detective” typethe progeny of M. Dupin and Sherlock Holmes, and the close kin of Algernon Blackwood’s John Silencemoving through scenes and events badly marred by an atmosphere of professional “occultism”. A few of the how many pages is a 1500 word essay, episodes, however, are of feminist and womanist in reformed, undeniable power; and afford glimpses of the peculiar genius characteristic of the how many 1500 word essay, author.

Naturally it is impossible in a brief sketch to trace out all the classic modern uses of the terror element. The ingredient must of necessity enter into all work both prose and verse treating broadly of life; and we are therefore not surprised to find a share in such writers as the poet Browning, whose “Childe Roland to essays about american beauty, the Dark Tower Came ” is instinct with hideous menace, or the novelist Joseph Conrad, who often wrote of the pages is a 1500 essay, dark secrets within the sea, and of the daemoniac driving power of Fate as influencing the lives of lonely and maniacally resolute men. Its trail is one of infinite ramifications; but we must here confine ourselves to feminist essays in reformed, its appearance in a relatively unmixed state, where it determines and dominates the work of how many pages 1500 essay, art containing it. Somewhat separate from the main British stream is that current of beauty, weirdness in Irish literature which came to the fore in the Celtic Renaissance of the later nineteenth and how many 1500 essay, early twentieth centuries. Ghost and penn, fairy lore have always been of great prominence in Ireland, and for over an hundred years have been recorded by a line of such faithful transcribers and translators as William Carleton, T. Crofton Croker, Lady Wildemother of Oscar WildeDouglas Hyde, and W. B. Yeats. Brought to notice by the modern movement, this body of myth has been carefully collected and how many word, studied; and its salient features reproduced in the work of later figures like Yeats, J. M. Penn. Synge, “A. E.”, Lady Gregory, Padraic Colum, James Stephens, and their colleagues. Whilst on the whole more whimsically fantastic than terrible, such folklore and its consciously artistic counterparts contain much that falls truly within the essay, domain of dissertation witness, cosmic horror. Tales of how many is a 1500 word essay, burials in sunken churches beneath haunted lakes, accounts of death-heralding banshees and sinister changelings, ballads of protection witness, spectres and “the unholy creatures of the raths”all these have their poignant and definite shivers, and mark a strong and distinctive element in weird literature. Despite homely grotesqueness and absolute naiveté, there is genuine nightmare in the class of narrative represented by the yarn of Teig O’Kane, who in punishment for 1500 essay his wild life was ridden all night by a hideous corpse that demanded burial and drove him from churchyard to churchyard as the dead rose up loathsomely in each one and refused to accommodate the mythology essay, newcomer with a berth.

Yeats, undoubtedly the greatest figure of the Irish revival if not the greatest of all living poets, has accomplished notable things both in original work and in pages is a 1500 essay the codification of old legends. The best horror-tales of today, profiting by the long evolution of the type, possess a naturalness, convincingness, artistic smoothness, and essays beauty, skilful intensity of appeal quite beyond comparison with anything in the Gothic work of a century or more ago. Technique, craftsmanship, experience, and psychological knowledge have advanced tremendously with the passing years, so that much of the older work seems naive and artificial; redeemed, when redeemed at how many is a all, only by a genius which conquers heavy limitations. The tone of jaunty and inflated romance, full of false motivation and investing every conceivable event with a counterfeit significance and carelessly inclusive glamour, is now confined to lighter and more whimsical phases of supernatural writing. Serious weird stories are either made realistically intense by close consistency and perfect fidelity to Nature except in the one supernatural direction which the author allows himself, or else cast altogether in the realm of phantasy, with atmosphere cunningly adapted to the visualisation of a delicately exotic world of unreality beyond space and feminist and womanist essays in reformed dogmatics, time, in which almost anything may happen if it but happen in true accord with certain types of imagination and illusion normal to the sensitive human brain. This, at pages 1500 word least, is the dominant tendency; though of course many great contemporary writers slip occasionally into mythology essay, some of the flashy postures of how many pages is a, immature romanticism, or into bits of the equally empty and absurd jargon of pseudo-scientific “occultism”, now at one of its periodic high tides. Mr. Machen, with an impressionable Celtic heritage linked to keen youthful memories of the essays about american, wild domed hills, archaic forests, and cryptical Roman ruins of the Gwent countryside, has developed an imaginative life of how many essay, rare beauty, intensity, and historic background.

He has absorbed the mediaeval mystery of dark woods and ancient customs, and is a champion of the Middle Ages in all thingsincluding the Catholic faith. He has yielded, likewise, to the spell of the Britanno-Roman life which once surged over his native region; and finds strange magic in mythology essay the fortified camps, tessellated pavements, fragments of statues, and kindred things which tell of the day when classicism reigned and Latin was the language of the country. A young American poet, Frank Belknap Long, Jun., has well summarised this dreamer’s rich endowments and wizardry of expression in the sonnet “On Reading Arthur Machen”: “There is how many pages word, a glory in the autumn wood; The ancient lanes of England wind and climb. Past wizard oaks and gorse and tangled thyme. To where a fort of mighty empire stood: There is a glamour in the autumn sky;

The reddened clouds are writhing in the glow. Of some great fire, and there are glints below. Of tawny yellow where the embers die. High-rais’d in splendour, sharp against the North, The Roman eagles, and thro’ mists of gold.

The marching legions as they issue forth: I wait, for I would share with him again. The ancient wisdom, and the ancient pain.” Of Mr. Polygamy. Machen’s horror-tales the is a 1500 word, most famous is perhaps “The Great God Pan” (1894), which tells of a singular and terrible experiment and its consequences. A young woman, through surgery of the brain-cells, is made to see the vast and monstrous deity of dissertations, Nature, and becomes an idiot in word essay consequence, dying less than a year later. Years afterward a strange, ominous, and mythology essay, foreign-looking child named Helen Vaughan is placed to pages word essay, board with a family in rural Wales, and haunts the woods in unaccountable fashion.

A little boy is thrown out of his mind at sight of someone or something he spies with her, and a young girl comes to a terrible end in similar fashion. All this mystery is strangely interwoven with the Roman rural deities of the place, as sculptured in feminist and womanist essays antique fragments. After another lapse of years, a woman of strangely exotic beauty appears in society, drives her husband to horror and death, causes an artist to paint unthinkable paintings of Witches’ Sabbaths, creates an epidemic of suicide among the men of her acquaintance, and is finally discovered to be a frequenter of the lowest dens of 1500 word essay, vice in London, where even the most callous degenerates are shocked at an essay her enormities. Through the clever comparing of notes on the part of those who have had word of her at various stages of her career, this woman is discovered to how many 1500, be the girl Helen Vaughan; who is the mythology essay, childby no mortal fatherof the young woman on whom the is a 1500 word, brain experiment was made. She is a daughter of hideous Pan himself, and at the last is put to death amidst horrible transmutations of form involving changes of sex and a descent to the most primal manifestations of the life-principle. But the charm of the tale is in the telling. No one could begin to describe the cumulative suspense and ultimate horror with which every paragraph abounds without following fully the precise order in which Mr.

Machen unfolds his gradual hints and revelations. Melodrama is undeniably present, and coincidence is stretched to a length which appears absurd upon analysis; but in the malign witchery of the tale as a whole these trifles are forgotten, and the sensitive reader reaches the end with only an appreciative shudder and a tendency to repeat the words of mythology essay, one of the characters: “It is too incredible, too monstrous; such things can never be in 1500 word this quiet world. . Write An Essay. . . Why, man, if such a case were possible, our earth would be a nightmare.” Less famous and less complex in plot than “The Great God Pan”, but definitely finer in pages is a word essay atmosphere and general artistic value, is the curious and dimly disquieting chronicle called “The White People”, whose central portion purports to be the diary or notes of a little girl whose nurse has introduced her to some of the forbidden magic and soul-blasting traditions of the noxious witch-cultthe cult whose whispered lore was handed down long lines of peasantry throughout Western Europe, and dissertation witness, whose members sometimes stole forth at night, one by one, to meet in black woods and lonely places for the revolting orgies of the Witches’ Sabbath. How Many Pages Is A 1500 Essay. Mr. Machen’s narrative, a triumph of skilful selectiveness and restraint, accumulates enormous power as it flows on in a stream of innocent childish prattle; introducing allusions to strange “nymphs”, “Dôls”, “voolas”, “White, Green, and Scarlet Ceremonies”, “Aklo letters”, “Chian language”, “Mao games”, and the like. The rites learned by the nurse from her witch grandmother are taught to the child by the time she is three years old, and her artless accounts of the against polygamy, dangerous secret revelations possess a lurking terror generously mixed with pathos. Evil charms well known to how many pages is a 1500 word, anthropologists are described with juvenile naiveté, and finally there comes a winter afternoon journey into the old Welsh hills, performed under an imaginative spell which lends to the wild scenery an added weirdness, strangeness, and suggestion of grotesque sentience. The details of this journey are given with marvellous vividness, and form to the keen critic a masterpiece of fantastic writing, with almost unlimited power in the intimation of potent hideousness and cosmic aberration.

At length the childwhose age is then thirteencomes upon a cryptic and banefully beautiful thing in the midst of a dark and inaccessible wood. She flees in awe, but is permanently altered and repeatedly revisits the wood. In the dissertations, end horror overtakes her in a manner deftly prefigured by pages is a 1500 an anecdote in the prologue, but she poisons herself in time. Dissertations. Like the mother of Helen Vaughan in The Great God Pan, she has seen that frightful deity. She is discovered dead in the dark wood beside the cryptic thing she found; and that thinga whitely luminous statue of Roman workmanship about how many is a 1500 word which dire mediaeval rumours had clusteredis affrightedly hammered into dust by the searchers. In the episodic novel of The Three Impostors, a work whose merit as a whole is somewhat marred by an imitation of the jaunty Stevenson manner, occur certain tales which perhaps represent the high-water mark of Machen’s skill as a terror-weaver.

Here we find in its most artistic form a favourite weird conception of the author’s; the notion that beneath the write an essay and biosphere conservation, mounds and rocks of the essay, wild Welsh hills dwell subterraneously that squat primitive race whose vestiges gave rise to our common folk legends of fairies, elves, and and biosphere conservation, the “little people”, and whose acts are even now responsible for certain unexplained disappearances, and occasional substitutions of strange dark “changelings” for normal infants. This theme receives its finest treatment in the episode entitled “The Novel of the Black Seal”; where a professor, having discovered a singular identity between certain characters scrawled on Welsh limestone rocks and those existing in a prehistoric black seal from Babylon, sets out on a course of discovery which leads him to unknown and how many 1500 word essay, terrible things. A queer passage in the ancient geographer Solinus, a series of mysterious disappearances in mythology essay the lonely reaches of Wales, a strange idiot son born to a rural mother after a fright in which her inmost faculties were shaken; all these things suggest to the professor a hideous connexion and a condition revolting to any friend and respecter of the human race. He hires the pages is a essay, idiot boy, who jabbers strangely at times in a repulsive hissing voice, and is subject to odd epileptic seizures. Once, after such a seizure in the professor’s study by night, disquieting odours and evidences of unnatural presences are found; and soon after that the professor leaves a bulky document and goes into the weird hills with feverish expectancy and mythology essay, strange terror in his heart.

He never returns, but beside a fantastic stone in the wild country are found his watch, money, and ring, done up with catgut in a parchment bearing the same terrible characters as those on the black Babylonish seal and how many 1500 word essay, the rock in the Welsh mountains. The bulky document explains enough to bring up the most hideous vistas. Professor Gregg, from the massed evidence presented by the Welsh disappearances, the rock inscription, the accounts of and biosphere, ancient geographers, and pages is a word essay, the black seal, has decided that a frightful race of dark primal beings of immemorial antiquity and wide former diffusion still dwells beneath the hills of unfrequented Wales. Further research has unriddled the message of the black seal, and proved that the idiot boy, a son of on man and biosphere conservation, some father more terrible than mankind, is the pages is a, heir of monstrous memories and possibilities. That strange night in the study the professor invoked ‘the awful transmutation of the hills’ by the aid of the black seal, and aroused in the hybrid idiot the horrors of his shocking paternity. He “saw his body swell and become distended as a bladder, while the face blackened. . . .” And then the supreme effects of the invocation appeared, and Professor Gregg knew the about american, stark frenzy of cosmic panic in its darkest form. He knew the abysmal gulfs of abnormality that he had opened, and went forth into the wild hills prepared and resigned. How Many Pages 1500 Word. He would meet the unthinkable ‘Little People’and his document ends with a rational observation: “If I unhappily do not return from my journey, there is no need to conjure up here a picture of the awfulness of my fate.” Also in The Three Impostors is the “Novel of the White Powder”, which approaches the absolute culmination of against polygamy essay, loathsome fright. Francis Leicester, a young law student nervously worn out by how many is a 1500 word essay seclusion and overwork, has a prescription filled by an old apothecary none too careful about the mythology essay, state of his drugs.

The substance, it later turns out, is an unusual salt which time and varying temperature have accidentally changed to something very strange and terrible; nothing less, in short, than the mediaeval Vinum Sabbati, whose consumption at the horrible orgies of the Witches’ Sabbath gave rise to shocking transformations andif injudiciously usedto unutterable consequences. How Many. Innocently enough, the youth regularly imbibes the powder in a glass of water after meals; and at first seems substantially benefited. Gradually, however, his improved spirits take the form of dissipation; he is absent from essay home a great deal, and how many is a 1500, appears to mythology essay, have undergone a repellent psychological change. One day an odd livid spot appears on his right hand, and he afterward returns to his seclusion; finally keeping himself shut within his room and admitting none of the household. The doctor calls for an interview, and departs in a palsy of horror, saying that he can do no more in that house. Two weeks later the patient’s sister, walking outside, sees a monstrous thing at the sickroom window; and servants report that food left at the locked door is no longer touched. Summons at the door bring only a sound of shuffling and how many pages essay, a demand in a thick gurgling voice to be let alone.

At last an awful happening is reported by a shuddering housemaid. Mythology Essay. The ceiling of the word essay, room below Leicester’s is against polygamy essay, stained with a hideous black fluid, and a pool of viscid abomination has dripped to the bed beneath. Dr. Haberden, now persuaded to return to how many pages essay, the house, breaks down the young man’s door and strikes again and dissertations, again with an iron bar at the blasphemous semi-living thing he finds there. How Many 1500 Word. It is “a dark and putrid mass, seething with corruption and hideous rottenness, neither liquid nor solid, but melting and changing”. Burning points like eyes shine out of feminist in reformed dogmatics, its midst, and before it is despatched it tries to lift what might have been an arm.

Soon afterward the physician, unable to endure the memory of what he has beheld, dies at sea while bound for a new life in America. Mr. Machen returns to the daemoniac “Little People” in “The Red Hand” and “The Shining Pyramid”; and in The Terror, a wartime story, he treats with very potent mystery the effect of man’s modern repudiation of spirituality on the beasts of the world, which are thus led to pages 1500, question his supremacy and to dissertations, unite for his extermination. How Many Pages Is A Word Essay. Of utmost delicacy, and passing from mere horror into mythology essay, true mysticism, is how many, The Great Return, a story of the penn dissertations, Graal, also a product of the war period. Too well known to need description here is the tale of “The Bowmen”; which, taken for authentic narration, gave rise to pages essay, the widespread legend of the “Angels of Mons”ghosts of the old English archers of Crécy and Agincourt who fought in 1914 beside the hard-pressed ranks of England’s glorious “Old Contemptibles”. Mr. Blackwood’s lesser work is marred by several defects such as ethical didacticism, occasional insipid whimsicality, the flatness of benignant supernaturalism, and a too free use of the trade jargon of modern “occultism”.

A fault of his more serious efforts is that diffuseness and long-windedness which results from an excessively elaborate attempt, under the handicap of a somewhat bald and journalistic style devoid of penn dissertations, intrinsic magic, colour, and how many pages is a essay, vitality, to visualise precise sensations and nuances of uncanny suggestion. But in spite of all this, the about beauty, major products of Mr. Pages Essay. Blackwood attain a genuinely classic level, and evoke as does nothing else in literature an awed and convinced sense of the immanence of strange spiritual spheres or entities. The well-nigh endless array of Mr. Blackwood’s fiction includes both novels and against, shorter tales, the word, latter sometimes independent and sometimes arrayed in series. Essays About American. Foremost of how many pages word essay, all must be reckoned “The Willows”, in which the nameless presences on essays a desolate Danube island are horribly felt and recognised by a pair of pages essay, idle voyagers. Here art and restraint in narrative reach their very highest development, and an impression of lasting poignancy is against polygamy, produced without a single strained passage or a single false note. Another amazingly potent though less artistically finished tale is “The Wendigo”, where we are confronted by horrible evidences of a vast forest daemon about which North Woods lumbermen whisper at evening. The manner in which certain footprints tell certain unbelievable things is really a marked triumph in craftsmanship.

In “An Episode in a Lodging House” we behold frightful presences summoned out of black space by a sorcerer, and “The Listener” tells of the awful psychic residuum creeping about an is a 1500 word essay old house where a leper died. In the volume titled Incredible Adventures occur some of the finest tales which the author has yet produced, leading the on man conservation, fancy to wild rites on nocturnal hills, to secret and how many pages is a word, terrible aspects lurking behind stolid scenes, and to unimaginable vaults of mystery below the essays american, sands and pyramids of Egypt; all with a serious finesse and delicacy that convince where a cruder or lighter treatment would merely amuse. Some of how many is a 1500, these accounts are hardly stories at all, but rather studies in elusive impressions and half-remembered snatches of dream. Plot is everywhere negligible, and atmosphere reigns untrammelled. John SilencePhysician Extraordinary is a book of five related tales, through which a single character runs his triumphant course.

Marred only by traces of the popular and conventional detective-story atmospherefor Dr. Silence is mythology essay, one of those benevolent geniuses who employ their remarkable powers to aid worthy fellow-men in difficultythese narratives contain some of the author’s best work, and produce an illusion at once emphatic and lasting. The opening tale, “A Psychical Invasion”, relates what befell a sensitive author in a house once the scene of how many pages is a essay, dark deeds, and protection, how a legion of how many pages is a word, fiends was exorcised. “Ancient Sorceries”, perhaps the finest tale in the book, gives an almost hypnotically vivid account of an old French town where once the unholy Sabbath was kept by all the people in the form of cats. In “The Nemesis of penn, Fire” a hideous elemental is is a essay, evoked by new-spilt blood, whilst “Secret Worship” tells of dissertation, a German school where Satanism held sway, and where long afterward an evil aura remained. “The Camp of the pages word essay, Dog” is essays american, a werewolf tale, but is weakened by moralisation and professional “occultism”. Too subtle, perhaps, for definite classification as horror-tales, yet possibly more truly artistic in an absolute sense, are such delicate phantasies as Jimbo or The Centaur. Mr. Blackwood achieves in these novels a close and palpitant approach to the inmost substance of dream, and works enormous havock with the is a 1500, conventional barriers between reality and imagination.

Beauty rather than terror is the keynote of Dunsany’s work. He loves the vivid green of feminist essays dogmatics, jade and of copper domes, and how many is a word essay, the delicate flush of sunset on the ivory minarets of essays, impossible dream-cities. Humour and irony, too, are often present to impart a gentle cynicism and modify what might otherwise possess a naive intensity. Nevertheless, as is inevitable in how many pages is a 1500 word a master of mythology essay, triumphant unreality, there are occasional touches of cosmic fright which come well within the authentic tradition. Dunsany loves to how many is a essay, hint slyly and adroitly of monstrous things and incredible dooms, as one hints in a fairy tale. An Essay On Man And Biosphere. In The Book of Wonder we read of Hlo-hlo, the gigantic spider-idol which does not always stay at home; of what the Sphinx feared in the forest; of Slith, the thief who jumps over the edge of the world after seeing a certain light lit and how many is a 1500 essay, knowing who lit it; of the anthropophagous Gibbelins, who inhabit an evil tower and guard a treasure; of the Gnoles, who live in the forest and from whom it is not well to steal; of the City of Never, and the eyes that watch in the Under Pits; and of kindred things of darkness. A Dreamer’s Tales tells of the mystery that sent forth all men from Bethmoora in the desert; of the dissertations, vast gate of Perdóndaris, that was carved from a single piece of ivory; and is a 1500 word, of the voyage of poor old Bill, whose captain cursed the crew and paid calls on nasty-looking isles new-risen from the sea, with low thatched cottages having evil, obscure windows. Many of Dunsany’s short plays are replete with spectral fear.

In The Gods of the essay, Mountain seven beggars impersonate the seven green idols on a distant hill, and enjoy ease and honour in pages essay a city of worshippers until they hear that the essays dogmatics, real idols are missing from 1500 their wonted seats. A very ungainly sight in the dusk is reported to them“rock should not walk in the evening”and at last, as they sit awaiting the arrival of a troop of dancers, they note that the approaching footsteps are heavier than those of good dancers ought to be. Then things ensue, and in the end the mythology essay, presumptuous blasphemers are turned to 1500 essay, green jade statues by in reformed dogmatics the very walking statues whose sanctity they outraged. But mere plot is the very least merit of this marvellously effective play. How Many Is A 1500 Word Essay. The incidents and developments are those of a supreme master, so that the whole forms one of the most important contributions of the present age not only to drama, but to literature in general. A Night at an Inn tells of mythology essay, four thieves who have stolen the emerald eye of pages, Klesh, a monstrous Hindoo god. They lure to their room and succeed in slaying the essays, three priestly avengers who are on their track, but in the night Klesh comes gropingly for how many pages 1500 his eye; and having gained it and departed, calls each of the despoilers out into the darkness for essays about beauty an unnamed punishment. How Many Pages Word. In The Laughter of the Gods there is a doomed city at the jungle’s edge, and a ghostly lutanist heard only by those about to die (cf.

Alice’s spectral harpsichord in Hawthorne’s House of the Seven Gables ); whilst The Queen’s Enemies retells the anecdote of Herodotus in which a vengeful princess invites her foes to a subterranean banquet and penn, lets in the Nile to drown them. But no amount of mere description can convey more than a fraction of Lord Dunsany’s pervasive charm. His prismatic cities and essay, unheard-of rites are touched with a sureness which only mastery can engender, and we thrill with a sense of actual participation in his secret mysteries. Feminist Essays Dogmatics. To the 1500 word essay, truly imaginative he is a talisman and a key unlocking rich storehouses of dream and write on man and biosphere conservation, fragmentary memory; so that we may think of him not only as a poet, but as one who makes each reader a poet as well. The art of Dr. James is by no means haphazard, and in the preface to one of how many is a 1500 essay, his collections he has formulated three very sound rules for macabre composition. A ghost story, he believes, should have a familiar setting in the modern period, in order to approach closely the reader’s sphere of experience. Its spectral phenomena, moreover, should be malevolent rather than beneficent; since fear is the emotion primarily to be excited. And finally, the technical patois of “occultism” or pseudo-science ought carefully to be avoided; lest the charm of casual verisimilitude be smothered in unconvincing pedantry.

Dr. James, practicing what he preaches, approaches his themes in a light and often conversational way. Creating the mythology essay, illusion of every-day events, he introduces his abnormal phenomena cautiously and gradually; relieved at every turn by essay touches of homely and prosaic detail, and sometimes spiced with a snatch or two of antiquarian scholarship. Conscious of the mythology essay, close relation between present weirdness and accumulated tradition, he generally provides remote historical antecedents for word his incidents; thus being able to utilise very aptly his exhaustive knowledge of the past, and his ready and convincing command of archaic diction and colouring. Mythology Essay. A favourite scene for a James tale is some centuried cathedral, which the author can describe with all the familiar minuteness of a specialist in that field. Sly humorous vignettes and bits of life-like genre portraiture and characterisation are often to be found in Dr. James’s narratives, and is a 1500 word essay, serve in his skilled hands to augment the general effect rather than to essays about, spoil it, as the pages word, same qualities would tend to do with a lesser craftsman. In inventing a new type of feminist and womanist essays in reformed, ghost, he has departed considerably from the pages word essay, conventional Gothic tradition; for where the older stock ghosts were pale and stately, and apprehended chiefly through the sense of sight, the average James ghost is lean, dwarfish, and hairya sluggish, hellish night-abomination midway betwixt beast and manand usually touched before it is seen. Sometimes the spectre is of still more eccentric composition; a roll of flannel with spidery eyes, or an invisible entity which moulds itself in bedding and shews a face of crumpled linen. Dr. James has, it is clear, an intelligent and scientific knowledge of human nerves and feelings; and knows just how to apportion statement, imagery, and subtle suggestions in order to secure the essays american, best results with his readers.

He is an artist in incident and arrangement rather than in atmosphere, and reaches the word essay, emotions more often through the essay, intellect than directly. This method, of course, with its occasional absences of sharp climax, has its drawbacks as well as its advantages; and many will miss the thorough atmospheric tension which writers like Machen are careful to build up with words and pages is a word essay, scenes. Feminist. But only a few of the tales are open to the charge of tameness. Generally the laconic unfolding of abnormal events in adroit order is amply sufficient to produce the desired effect of cumulative horror. The short stories of Dr. James are contained in four small collections, entitled respectively Ghost-Stories of an Antiquary, More Ghost Stories of an how many pages is a essay Antiquary, A Thin Ghost and Others, and A Warning to the Curious. And Womanist Essays In Reformed. There is also a delightful juvenile phantasy, The Five Jars, which has its spectral adumbrations. Amidst this wealth of material it is hard to select a favourite or especially typical tale, though each reader will no doubt have such preferences as his temperament may determine. “Count Magnus” is assuredly one of the best, forming as it does a veritable Golconda of suspense and suggestion. How Many Pages Is A 1500. Mr.

Wraxall is an English traveller of the middle nineteenth century, sojourning in write and biosphere conservation Sweden to how many 1500, secure material for dissertation protection a book. Becoming interested in the ancient family of De la Gardie, near the village of Råbäck, he studies its records; and finds particular fascination in the builder of the existing manor-house, one Count Magnus, of whom strange and 1500 word, terrible things are whispered. The Count, who flourished early in the seventeenth century, was a stern landlord, and famous for polygamy essay his severity toward poachers and delinquent tenants. His cruel punishments were bywords, and there were dark rumours of influences which even survived his interment in the great mausoleum he built near the how many is a 1500 essay, churchas in the case of the two peasants who hunted on his preserves one night a century after his death. There were hideous screams in the woods, and near the tomb of Count Magnus an unnatural laugh and the clang of a great door. Next morning the priest found the two men; one a maniac, and the other dead, with the flesh of his face sucked from the bones. Mr. Wraxall hears all these tales, and mythology essay, stumbles on pages 1500 essay more guarded references to a Black Pilgrimage once taken by the Count; a pilgrimage to Chorazin in Palestine, one of the cities denounced by Our Lord in the Scriptures, and in which old priests say that Antichrist is to be born. No one dares to hint just what that Black Pilgrimage was, or what strange being or thing the Count brought back as a companion. Meanwhile Mr.

Wraxall is increasingly anxious to explore the mausoleum of Count Magnus, and finally secures permission to do so, in the company of a deacon. He finds several monuments and three copper sarcophagi, one of which is the dissertation witness, Count’s. Round the how many pages is a 1500 word essay, edge of this latter are several bands of engraved scenes, including a singular and hideous delineation of write an essay conservation, a pursuitthe pursuit of a frantic man through a forest by a squat muffled figure with a devil-fish’s tentacle, directed by a tall cloaked man on 1500 word essay a neighbouring hillock. Write An Essay And Biosphere Conservation. The sarcophagus has three massive steel padlocks, one of which is lying open on the floor, reminding the traveller of a metallic clash he heard the day before when passing the mausoleum and wishing idly that he might see Count Magnus. His fascination augmented, and the key being accessible, Mr.

Wraxall pays the mausoleum a second and solitary visit and finds another padlock unfastened. The next day, his last in Råbäck, he again goes alone to bid the long-dead Count farewell. Once more queerly impelled to how many is a word essay, utter a whimsical wish for a meeting with the buried nobleman, he now sees to his disquiet that only one of the padlocks remains on the great sarcophagus. Even as he looks, that last lock drops noisily to the floor, and there comes a sound as of creaking hinges. Then the and biosphere conservation, monstrous lid appears very slowly to rise, and Mr. Wraxall flees in panic fear without refastening the how many word, door of the mausoleum. During his return to England the traveller feels a curious uneasiness about his fellow-passengers on the canal-boat which he employs for the earlier stages. Cloaked figures make him nervous, and he has a sense of mythology essay, being watched and followed. Of twenty-eight persons whom he counts, only twenty-six appear at meals; and the missing two are always a tall cloaked man and a shorter muffled figure.

Completing his water travel at Harwich, Mr. Wraxall takes frankly to flight in how many 1500 essay a closed carriage, but sees two cloaked figures at a crossroad. Finally he lodges at a small house in a village and feminist in reformed dogmatics, spends the time making frantic notes. On the second morning he is found dead, and during the inquest seven jurors faint at sight of the body. How Many Is A Word Essay. The house where he stayed is never again inhabited, and upon its demolition half a century later his manuscript is discovered in about a forgotten cupboard.

In “The Treasure of is a essay, Abbot Thomas” a British antiquary unriddles a cipher on some Renaissance painted windows, and thereby discovers a centuried hoard of gold in a niche half way down a well in the courtyard of a German abbey. But the crafty depositor had set a guardian over that treasure, and something in the black well twines its arms around the searcher’s neck in witness such a manner that the quest is abandoned, and is a, a clergyman sent for. Each night after that the discoverer feels a stealthy presence and mythology essay, detects a horrible odour of mould outside the door of his hotel room, till finally the clergyman makes a daylight replacement of the stone at the mouth of the word, treasure-vault in mythology essay the wellout of which something had come in the dark to avenge the disturbing of old Abbot Thomas’s gold. As he completes his work the how many essay, cleric observes a curious toad-like carving on the ancient well-head, with the Latin motto “Depositum custodi keep that which is committed to thee.” Other notable James tales are “The Stalls of Barchester Cathedral”, in penn which a grotesque carving comes curiously to life to avenge the secret and subtle murder of an how many is a word old Dean by his ambitious successor; “‘Oh, Whistle, and I’ll Come to You, My Lad’”, which tells of the horror summoned by a strange metal whistle found in a mediaeval church ruin; and polygamy, “An Episode of Cathedral History”, where the dismantling of a pulpit uncovers an archaic tomb whose lurking daemon spreads panic and pestilence. Dr. Is A 1500 Essay. James, for all his light touch, evokes fright and hideousness in their most shocking forms; and will certainly stand as one of the few really creative masters in his darksome province. Startling mutations, however, are not to be looked for in either direction. In any case an approximate balance of tendencies will continue to exist; and while we may justly expect a further subtilisation of technique, we have no reason to think that the general position of the spectral in literature will be altered. It is a narrow though essential branch of human expression, and will chiefly appeal as always to a limited audience with keen special sensibilities. Whatever universal masterpiece of tomorrow may be wrought from essays about beauty phantasm or terror will owe its acceptance rather to a supreme workmanship than to a sympathetic theme.

Yet who shall declare the dark theme a positive handicap? Radiant with beauty, the Cup of the Ptolemies was carven of onyx.

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A very simple pipeline to perform a phylogenetic analysis of pages word your gene of interest. Well, it’s been a while since I decided to mythology essay change my blog from a personal diary to a one with science-related content. I realized that writing is not made for pages is a essay, me. Still, I think I should not give up on writing things from about american, time to time (and will actually make an effort to write more often). I am by no means a phylogenetic analysis expert! But I am able to do my own small analyses. Until recently, a typical evo-devo study consisted of finding the essay orthologous gene of an important developmental gene of feminist and womanist essays in reformed dogmatics vertebrates (or let’s better say mmamals) in your laboratory model (name it amphioxus, lamprey, shark or your favourite pet), analyze its expression patterns and, more recently, its function if possible, and compare with its known properties in pages 1500 word, vertebrates.

And thus the first question to resolve in this kind of studies was whether the an essay on man gene that you have found is actually the orthologous of the gene of interest. Solving this requires building a phylogenetic tree with genes from different species as well as related families, and if orthologous, your gene should fall within the group formed by how many 1500 essay, the family of interest. Dissertations! Of course, sometimes is not that simple, and different phenomena can affect the interpretation of a tree, such as hidden paralogy (see work by Shigehiro Kuraku: REF). Since I’ve got asked several times how I do to is a essay make my small phylogenetic trees, I decided on making my simple “protocol” available here. The first thing that you should do is to download a bunch of sequences of your gene of interest and related genes from different species and format them into a multifasta file. For example, if you want to know if your Hox gene is penn, a Tal-1 gene, you should download genes from the family (Tal-1, Tal-2 and how many pages is a word, Lyl-1) as well as other bHLH genes, such as MyoD or NeuroD (that’s exactly what I did here). After you have prepared your file, you can just follow the following steps: (NOTE: this step-by-step turorial is mostly based on the book “Phylogenetic Trees Made Easy”, by Barry G. Hall -which I highly recommend- and conversations with Jordi Paps).nalsjdfanslkdfjanslfkdja. I use MUSCLE (Edgar, 2004) as implemented in MEGA v6 (Tamura et al., 2013). In the main window of american beauty MEGA, Click Align > Edit/Build Alignment > Retrieve sequences from is a word, a file and open fasta file with the sequences to be aligned.

Align them with MUSCLE, by codon (default parameters). Save mas Optional: Inspect, and edit if necessary, the alignment in aminoacidic sequences (for editing: select a position(s) and press ? + arrows to move). This manual editing is actually not recommended, since it is against polygamy, very subjective to the perception that you might have of what a reliable aligned sequence is, and thus impel reproducibility Save alignment in edited.mas (always save a .mas file after editing). Save the how many 1500 word essay nucleotide alignment in edited.meg Export alignment in edited.fas Save the aminoacidic alignment in edited.meg Export alignment in edited.fas. Then, replace stop codons (*), by a dash (-), for example using MS Word’s Replace option. In the main MEGA window File > Open A File/Session… and mythology essay, open the edited.meg Click Distances a Compute Pairwise Distances… In the Analysis Preferences window, select Model/Method a N of pages 1500 differences and press Compute.

Check that there are no 0.00 values. To trim the write on man alignment (discard spurious sequence alignments and increment the phylogenetic signal to noise ratio), I follow two strategies: Gblocks (Castresana 2000) tool to trim nucleotide alignments by codon, and how many is a 1500 essay, trimAl (Capella-Gutierrez et al., 2009) for amino acids alignment, using automated1 option. -t=c # Type of sequence. p: protein; d: dna; c: codon. -b2=50%+1 # Minimum Number Of Sequences For A Flank Position. -b4=5 # Minimum Length Of A Block. An Essay Conservation! Any integer ? 2. -b5=h # Allowed Gap Positions. Word! n: none; h: with half; a: all. NOTE: according to the Gblocks server (http://molevol.cmima.csic.es/castresana/Gblocks_server.html), a less stringent selection consists of: -b2 should be 50% of sequences + 1, -b4=5 and –b5=h. trimal -in namefile_prot_muscle.edited.fas -htmlout namefile_prot_muscle.edited.trimal.html -automated1. Format trimmed fasta alignments into nexus file for MrBayes, using readAl , from the trimAl package.

readal -in namefile_nts_muscle.edited.fas-gb –out namefile_nts_muscle.edited.gb.nxs -nexus. PHYLOGENETIC TREE CONSTRUCTION. [Newick tree file: “Hox4_nts_withLamprey_muscle.edited.gb.nwk”, obtained using ML in MEGA6 without bootstrapping] [tree user = (tree);] log start replace filename = Hox1_nts_withLamprey_muscle.gb.bay.log;

set autoclose = no nowarn=no; charset 1st_pos = 1-.3; charset 2nd_pos = 2-.3; charset 3rd_pos = 3-.3; partition by_codon = 3:1st_pos,2nd_pos,3rd_pos; set partition = by_codon; lset applyto = (all) nst=6 rates = invgamma; prset applyto = (all); [For JC add option statefreqpr = fixed(equal]

unlink revmat=(all) shape=(all) pinvar=(all) statefreq=(all) tratio= (all); [startvals tau = user V = user;] mcmc ngen=4000000 printfreq=1000 samplefreq=100 nchains=4 temp=0.2 checkfreq = 50000 diagnfreq = 1000; sumt relburnin = yes burninfrac = 0.25 contype = halfcompat conformat = simple; sump relburnin = yes burninfrac = 0.25; Capella-Gutierrez S, Silla-Martinez JM, and Gabaldon T. 2009. trimAl: a tool for automated alignment trimming in feminist dogmatics, large-scale phylogenetic analyses. Bioinformatics 25:1972-1973. Castresana, J. (2000).

Selection of conserved blocks from how many pages is a 1500 word, multiple alignments for their use in phylogenetic analysis. In Reformed Dogmatics! Molecular Biology and Evolution 17, 540-552. Edgar RC. 2004. Pages Word Essay! MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and an essay, high throughput.

Nucleic Acids Res 32:1792-1797. Tamura K, Stecher G, Peterson D, Filipski A, and how many pages is a word, Kumar S (2013) MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Version 6.0. Protection! Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 2725-2729. Compiling and working with MPI version of MrBayes 3.2.2. A couple of days ago I was able, after solving some troubles (namely lack of dependencies…), to compile from source a multithreaded version of MrBayes in my Ubuntu server (an old 12-core Mac Pro running with Ubuntu 12.04 LTS, with 64 GB of how many pages is a 1500 essay RAM). That means that now I can run MrBayes with more than 1 CPU, with the against essay subsequent gain in analysis speed. And I have just finished, in about 10 minutes, a phylogenetic analysis of Hox4 genes including lamprey and hagfish orthologues. A couple of months ago, the how many pages is a word essay same analysis took almost 15 hours to mythology essay finish in a Windows 7-based computer using one core. Here’s what I did to set it up: (the parallel version of MrBayes 3.2.2 has a bug that produces almost completely poytomic trees; check the edit at the end of the post to solve this problem)

First, download the source files: Whithin the mrbayes-3.2.2 folder an ls command shows you the pages is a 1500 word contents of the folder: documentation , examples and src subfolders. Essays In Reformed! src stands for “source”, and is where all the instructions and how many pages is a word, other necessary objects to build the program are. But before compiling, I checked in the MrBayes manual the possibilities of configuration that the developers included in the package, where I found out about the option of feminist and womanist configuring the MPI version, which can be compiled only under a Unix/Linux system (including Mac computers). But surprise! The chapter 5, where how to compile the MPI version should be explained is pages is a essay, lacking from the manual, which is a draft version since 2011… time to update it I’d say. I found also an on-line version in the wiki page of the mythology essay MrBayes project here, but that was last modified in 2010, before the is a 1500 word pdf I linked to essay before. Anyway, I found a CompileInstructions.txt file within the src folder where the instructions about compiling the MPI version are, which I considered the most updated.

There, you can see that we would need to install certain dependencies, among them, the autotools, the BEAGLE library and the some MPI compiler, such as OpenMPI (the one I actually installed). How Many Pages Is A 1500 Word Essay! None of these dependencies were installed in against essay, my server. A simple Google search shows you how to how many is a 1500 install the BEAGLE library, which I finally did as indicated here. Edit: In Ubuntu, for some reason I had some problems compiling the BEAGLE library. Mythology Essay! I got an error that you can see reported also here by me. The workaround, if you see that, is to compile as follow: after ./configure --prefix=$HOME , type the following: We need to set the environment variable for LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

Adding an environment variable to is a 1500 word your account is feminist essays in reformed, easy. How Many Is A Word Essay! Just go to your home directory, and open either the .bashrc or .profile file, and add the essays about following line at the end: You need to word essay source this file in order to set the new value for the variable. Next, I installed the OpenMPI compiler. Credit to Longhao Zou’s reply to this thread of a Google group. There was no problem installing OpenMPI. Great so far (actually, I had some problems with the Kernel’s graphics that precluded the installation of some of the dependencies, but that’s beyond the scope of this post). So, I went for the MrBayes compilation per se according to the abovementioned CompileInstructions.txt file. Ups! Command not found. On Man And Biosphere! I forgot to install autoconf . I got it doing:

And there we go. We are now finally ready to compile MrBayes. We want to compile the MPI version, so we use the --enable-mpi option: And now you have already compiled MrBayes. You can type an ls -l command and check that now you have an executable file called mb . Pages 1500! What I usually do, when not using make install , is to penn dissertations create a bin folder within the software’s parent folder or within my main Software folder at $HOME, and copy the executable there. Eventually, I add the path to the executable to how many pages essay my .profile file. Add this line into american beauty, your .profile : And source it to take effect: You could have also done sudo make install instead of just make , and 1500 essay, MrBayes would have been installed in /usr/local/bin , so it would be accessible to other users of the server.

But you can’t do that if you don’t have administrative permissions on the server. Against Polygamy! And even so, in my opinion is better to keep locally all things you install, that helps you copy all your stuff to another server if you need, and to keep control of what you have there. Plus, playing with root permissions is always dangerous… Now, you are ready to how many pages is a run MrBayes, using either one thread (just typing mb on your command terminal), or all the ones you set. Dissertation! In my case, I usually do 2 runs with 4 chains each, and according the how many pages is a 1500 essay MrBayes wiki “the optimal number of processors is therefore equal to the total number of dissertation protection chains”.

So, I will run MrBayes with 8 processors. To do so, you need to type. And you should get something like this: Now, we are ready to use MrBayes at super-speed! How to use MrBayes is a completely different story, which I learned from my good friend Nacho Maeso and pages word essay, the book “Phylogenetic Trees Made Easy”, which I recommend for beginners (I’m still a beginner, actually #128578; ) Enjoy your trees!! Edited on October 4th, 2014. The parallel version of MrBayes 3.2.2 had a bug precluding the resolution of the phylogenetic trees in about beauty, comparison with the serial version. This was reported almost a year ago in 1500 word essay, the sourceforge.net page of dissertation protection witness MrBayes. Although there is reported in a case where the BEAGLE library was not installed, I had the same problem with the how many pages is a word essay BEAGLE library.

So, to solve this we need to install the development version of MrBayes. To do that, delete the folder with the old installation of MrBayes. And download and install the dev version: Now, you have compiled again an executable file called mb , and against essay, you can proceed as before to make a bin folder, copying the executable into it and adding the path to 1500 your .bashrc or .profile file. Then, when you run it as above, you should see the new version of write on man and biosphere MrBayes: Well, I think it’s time to resume my blog, don’t you think? It has been a while since I last opened it, and although recently I have been (lightly) thinking on several ways to continue the blog, somehow in a more or less professional way, I never got the sufficient will to do it. 1500 Essay! Today, as my thought-finished PCR was actually 24 min away to end, I just got the impulse to revise my blog and restart writing… and as you can see, in English. Continue reading to find out the essays about american beauty reasons.

I’ve reached to the conclusion that I want to open my blog from my very personal experience of how many is a essay my life in Japan to a wider, more professionally-focused readership. I mean, science colleagues. That’s why I am changing from Spanish to English. This does not mean I won’t write in polygamy essay, Spanish in the future, I will. I would like also to start writing posts in how many pages is a 1500 essay, simple Japanese, as my language skills are significantly improving. I have been reading great blogs during the last year, and although most of them are written by penn dissertations, bioinformatics scientists (meaning that you suppose them to be seated in front of the essay computer almost all the time, developing wonderful arteriosclerosis in dissertations, their leg arteries and writing one post after another while the high-memory server or the cluster of clusters do the how many pages 1500 word tough work for them), others are managed by palaeontologists, molecular biologists, etc., people who are not so often sitting down in front of a computer. So, why me, a mixture of a bad, illiterate, newbie bioinformatician and a not-so-bad-but-not-so-good molecular biologist, working in Evo-Devo (or so I think), cannot maintain a blog on what I do as a scientist, where I express my humble opinion about current topics and debates, try to help people letting the penn dissertations world know how I got to solve (most of the pages is a time simple) problems, and feminist essays dogmatics, why not, also write about is a 1500 word, my life in Japan so my friends and others can follow my experiences here (as a Facebook-hater you can imagine I closed mine long ago…)? Well, I think there’s no reason not do it. So, I have some ideas to against polygamy format my blog into a more attractive scheme for everyone, scientist and non-scientist friends. First, I need a new title: a title that is original, fresh and pages 1500, attractive (any ideas?). Second, I will reorganise the dissertation blog, for pages 1500, example dividing the penn dissertations posts into Personal, Science and Opinion sections or something like that.

And third, I need to 1500 word advertise it somehow. A blog without readers is like a gene without polymerase and TFs working on it… It’s laying there, lost in a web of information for nothing (although I could give it to the ENCODE team and surely they’d find out something…). For those who do not know, I have a Twitter account and I found that Twitter is a wonderful means to dissertations stay updated on several issues, like new software releases for your assemblies and pages 1500 word, mapping, new publications on evolution, interesting opinions from lesser and essays, greater scientists, and more importantly, it’s a great tool to how many pages 1500 essay meet people. I will share my new posts, and also comments and opinions that I get from you on the blog via Twitter. You can follow me @PascualAnaya (I know what you think, but I wanted people to remember me by my real name, the one I use in publications, and not Champi…). And last but not least, I am drafting my own website. Dissertations! This as well will be professionally focused. How Many Word Essay! I will upload my CV, write about my research topics and interests, and write an essay conservation, a list of publications (the few of them…). This is just an idea right now that I have to develop. I will anyway keep you updated. Just stay connected to my blog #128578;

That’s all for pages is a 1500 essay, now! I hope you’re looking forward to the next post!

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Examples Of Ethics Essays and Research Papers. Samples of Business Ethics : 1. HONESTY: Honesty is the virtue of how many pages is a communicating the dissertation protection witness, truth and creating trust in how many pages is a 1500 word essay the minds of others. Dissertation Protection Witness! . Therefore, business honesty means the virtue of communicating business truth and creating business trust in how many is a 1500 word essay the minds of others. This communication may include verbal and non-verbal and may be transferred to customers, employees, investors, creditors, debtors, co-owners, the government, the mythology essay, public and how many pages word essay anyone who may have interest in one’s business. 2. PROMISE-KEEPING. Decision making , Ethics , Filipino language 1565 Words | 5 Pages.

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Ethics , also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right . and dissertation protection witness wrong conduct.[1] The term comes from the Greek word ethos, which means character. Ethics is a complement to Aesthetics in the philosophy field of Axiology. 1500! In philosophy, ethics studies the moral behavior in humans, and dissertation protection how one should act. Ethics may be divided into pages essay, four major areas of study:[1] Meta- ethics , about the theoretical meaning and reference. Ethics , Meta-ethics , Morality 1702 Words | 5 Pages. moral commands then that person is and biosphere conservation, determined as good or moral if their actions are in accordance with their god’s commands regardless of the consequences or . outcomes that may occur. There are also other non-consequentialist theories such as ‘Duty Ethics ’ and ‘Prima Facie Duties’ (Thiroux Krassman, 2012, p.55). Absolutism and Relativism Within the studies of ethical reasoning there are two opposite is a word essay, views which are apparent absolutism and relativism. Absolutism usually within the rule of non-consequentialists. Consequentialism , Ethics , Human 1160 Words | 3 Pages.

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It. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1494 Words | 5 Pages. ?Marvilla, Monale A. Essays About Beauty! I basically like Ethics as an academic subject because it’s a supplementary learning aid to what’s supposed to be . known (at heart) by everyone without the needs of how many pages is a 1500 essay having it taught at against essay educational facilities and the like. Why? Humans are created with basic innate goodness within them; that is to pages 1500 say: it’s an automatic act to about american avoid what is evil and yearn what is good; able to distinguish between good and evil, right or wrong, moral and immoral, and is accountable for the. Business ethics , Code of ethics , Ethical code 1896 Words | 6 Pages. and applied ethics and determine whether GE Healthcare breeched these concepts in the development of its low cost alternatives for diagnostic . medical equipment. Provide one (1) specific example to support your rationale. Applied ethics is the art or science of reflecting on moral dilemmas and moral problems in different social contexts. One of the most influential philosophers in the field of how many 1500 applied ethics , James Childress, defines applied ethics as follows: The terms applied ethics and practical. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 753 Words | 4 Pages.

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? Ethics lo1 1.1background and development of theoretical ethical approaches Deontological Theory The deontological theory state that . the consequences or outcomes of actions are not important, what actually matter is that the actions are morally justified. For example drunken driving is wrong, now if a person argues that he safely navigated his way back home and for that reason he/she should not be held accountable by law, they are wrong because their action was wrong in the first place and. Aesthetics , Deontological ethics , Ethics 998 Words | 3 Pages. Samantha St.Upery Ethics Essay ETH/316 August 7, 2014 Mrs. Is A 1500 Word Essay! Mona Ristovv Ethics Essay Utilitarianism . ethics accentuates that the penn dissertations, activity that should be ethically beneficial to the group.

In further terms, the outcome of any moral activity ought to be valuable for all by how many is a 1500 mass offer. This is a universal fundamental theme for essay ethics in industrialist economies and is a 1500 word business as well as in all governments. Dissertation Witness! Virtue Theory is also known as virtue ethics focal point on the person’s character. Consequentialism , Deontological ethics , Ethics 836 Words | 4 Pages. ethically right or wrong, but rather is pages is a 1500 essay, judged to be morally applicable because of the consequences its position creates (Lecture Week 2). So, from a . consequentialist viewpoint, a morally right action is one that creates the best overall result. For example , a consequentialist may claim that lying is wrong because of the negative consequences it may produce like hurting someone’s feelings, however in certain foreseeable circumstances, where it could save somebody from getting into dissertation protection, trouble, a consequentialist. Consequentialism , Deontological ethics , Ethics 1189 Words | 4 Pages. Monday May 19, 2014 Susan Morgan Code of Ethics Paper Most professional healthcare organizations have defined a mission statement, a . Pages 1500 Word! code of ethics , and core values. These three documents must be agreement with each other and work together to define the organization.

A mission statement communicates the overall purpose of the organization, and uses concepts such as philosophy or distinctive factors (Babnik, Breznik, Dermol, 2014). Penn Dissertations! A code of ethics is defined as “one of the characteristics of. Business ethics , Ethics , Health care 1032 Words | 3 Pages. weather? Do you say yes the software is OK and go for launch? [Ward90] It is important to have process in organizations which encourage objections to . bad decisions, but still allow decisions to how many be made and progress following those decisions. For example , the US military allows subordinates to ask Are you sure? to protection an order to how many is a 1500 give the superior officer the opportunity to rethink the decision. If the officer says yes, the order must be carried out, but the simple questioning of the order is not insubordinance.

Control engineering , Engineering , Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 1354 Words | 4 Pages. UNIVERSIDAD LATINA DE COSTA RICA PROFESIONAL ETHIC STUDENT: YAMILETH RUIZ, DANIELA FLORES AND ALONSO CHAVES PROFESSOR: Lic Arayensth . M.C TOPIC: ETHIC IN THE DAILY LIFE 2012 Ethics in dissertation witness the Family A new century that has made the world a very communicative, Cyber ??Century advanced technology that goes beyond today, Century with positive and 1500 word essay negative trends in globalization. Today we have Economically-Active Mothers, on average, the more hours a woman is employed outside the mythology essay, home;. Ethics , Family , John Stuart Mill 1623 Words | 7 Pages. responsibilities are defined by governments in laws that management is expected to obey. For example , U.S. business firms are required to hire . and promote people based on their credentials rather than to discriminate on how many is a 1500 non-job-related characteristics such as race, gender, or religion. Mythology Essay! 3. Ethical responsibilities of an organization’s management are to follow the generally held beliefs about behavior in is a 1500 essay a society. Penn Dissertations! For example , society generally expects firms to how many pages 1500 work with the employees and and womanist essays in reformed the community in. Business ethics , Cultural relativism , Ethics 1064 Words | 4 Pages.

? Ethics Of…. Boxing is a violent sport full of pages is a 1500 word essay hate where the only objective is to knock your opponent . On Man Conservation! unconscious. This is a very quick and biased view of boxing because if you study boxing closer it helps teach the person about how many their moral character. Boxing helps teach people to “get off the canvas and roll with the dissertation protection witness, punches” (Marino, 2010, para 8) and to face their fears, two important lessons to get through life. Throughout the article written by Marino, he educates. Aristotelian ethics , Aristotle , Courage 848 Words | 3 Pages.

My personal ethics development has been a process and it has changed over the years from people influencing me and myself maturing. As a child, . I was raised well by my mother who always taught me to do the how many pages is a 1500 word essay, right thing when no one was looking. She always made sure I respected my elders and dissertations had good manners. I went to a Catholic school when I was in grade school and high school. Pages 1500! My family and about american I would go to church every Sunday and word essay have dinner together every night. My family always taught me to essays have. Business ethics , Decision making , Decision making software 1085 Words | 3 Pages. ? Ethics Melissa S. Nash Liberty University Abstract The present paper provides an in how many pages is a 1500 word essay depth comparison and contrast between two types of . Code of Ethics : the American Counseling Association (ACA) and the American Association of Christian Counselors (AACC). In Reformed Dogmatics! A brief description of the “Code of 1500 word Ethics ” is defined as a standard that differentiates between right and wrong primarily pertaining to the professional counselor, while maintaining a mindset of against keeping the best interest of the how many pages 1500 word essay, client. Essay! Code. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Code of pages 1500 word ethics 2018 Words | 10 Pages.

?Scholars do not agree on where the name for the Nicomachean Ethics comes from. Both Aristotle’s father and his son were named Nicomachus, so . it is possible that the book is dedicated to either one. Other scholars suggest that Aristotle’s son may have edited the book after Aristotle died, so that the title “Nicomachean” may refer to this particular edition of mythology essay Aristotle’s ethical works. Happiness is the highest good and how many is a essay the end at which all our activities ultimately aim. All our activities aim at.

Aristotle , Ethics , Eudaimonia 1402 Words | 3 Pages. wrong. Sommers suggested the teachers to teach their students individual virtues as they are further away from their morality. Striking changes have taken . place from the polygamy essay, more directive teaching of right and wrong, by study and example , to situation ethics , dilemma ethics and other approaches that rationally dissect moral acts. The set of is a 1500 approaches imply that there are no moral absolutes to essays about american beauty uphold.

Sommers feels that if students are taught that way they can lose a sense of pages is a essay moral direction. Education , Ethics , History of education 898 Words | 3 Pages. Reporting Practices and write an essay Ethics Melanie Williams HCS/405 November . 20, 2012 Mark Williams Reporting Practices and Ethics Financial practices and ethics can play an important part of any organization including the health care environment. In order for the health care organization to be successful one must adopt an efficient financial practice and possess ethical standards. The management of finances for a health care. Balance sheet , Business ethics , Ethics 858 Words | 3 Pages. for everyone to follow in all circumstances. (Ruggeiro. V.R. ,2011) 2.0 What Is a Virtue?

The first systematic description of virtue ethics . was written down by Aristotle in how many pages is a essay his famous work Nichomachean Ethics . Against Polygamy! Aristotle said that a virtue is how many pages 1500, a trait of character manifested in habitual action. And Womanist In Reformed Dogmatics! The word “habitual” here is important. The virtue of pages essay honesty, for american example , is not possessed by someone who tells the is a 1500, truth only occasionally or only when it benefits her. The honest person is truthful as a matter. Arete , Aristotle , Ethics 1471 Words | 4 Pages. Ethical Issues When Marketing To Children?? 1 Business Ethics and Values BUS-401 Fred Boyer Cornerstone University . Dissertation! Marketing ethics is an area that deals with the moral principles behind marketing. Ethics in how many word essay marketing applies to different spheres such as in advertising, promotion, pricing. However, for purposes of this essay, the ethics of advertisements will be dealt with especially in relation to children. (Mohandeep, 2001)) Many marketers and about analysts have agreed that. Advertising , Applied ethics , Business ethics 2170 Words | 6 Pages.

? Ethics is a challenging concept for pages 1500 word many businesses, both domestic and international. In Reformed Dogmatics! It is not a “one size fits all” idea. While one . Pages Is A Essay! culture may perceive certain actions as ethical, another may not agree. Some cultures incorporate ancient traditions into mythology essay, their “code of conduct” of pages 1500 business. In China, the saying of “I scratch your back, you scratch mine” is part of their business ethics . Against Polygamy! In Japan, one must be careful when expressing certain idioms or respecting certain cultural norms, such. Business ethics , Communication , Consumer Product Safety Commission 808 Words | 3 Pages. ?Business Ethics Professor Sweet Spring 2013 3rd Essay Topics Read the instructions carefully!

Due Date: Friday May 10th This . semester we have studied several of the most important ethical theories. We have also looked at some specific issues that arise in business. For this last assignment, you will write an essay on one of the topics in is a word essay Chapter 8, Chapter 10, or Chapter 14. In writing the essay you must demonstrate an dissertations, understanding of the pages is a 1500, ethical theories we have studied. This means.

Applied ethics , At-will employment , Business ethics 693 Words | 3 Pages. TOK Paper: Ethics August 2012 Daniel Go Does the Possession of Knowledge Carry an Ethical Responsibility? There is no singular . Penn Dissertations! definition of knowledge, but for the purpose of this paper; knowledge will be defined as the familiarity with a situation or fact. Ethics , on the other hand, is a set of moral principles that govern a person’s behavior. Simplifying the 1500 word essay, knowledge issue would be to state that: The familiarity of in reformed dogmatics something (whether a fact or situation) entails compliance with. Business ethics , Ethics , Immanuel Kant 983 Words | 3 Pages. ?1. Pages 1500 Essay! Discuss why Ethics is important in business? 2. Do you agree with Milton Friedman that the only responsibility of essays american beauty business is to maximize . profit?

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In the workplace, some workers tend to make . hard decisions but when it comes down to making an important decision it has to be done so that everything will run smoothly. It is common today that the workers do not want to make the right decision because they feel that it is not going to hurt anyone if no decision has been made. People think that there will be an easy way to do a job but in pages 1500 essay all honesty. Boss , Employment , Job 1167 Words | 3 Pages. Utilitarianism, Kantian Ethics , Natural Rights Theories, and Religious Ethics A “utilitarian” argument, in the strict sense, is . one what alleges that we ought to feminist and womanist dogmatics do something because it will produce more total happiness than doing anything else would. Act utilitarianism (AU) is the moral theory that holds that the morally right action, the act that we have a moral duty to do, is the one that will (probably) maximize “utility” (happiness, welfare, well-being). AU is not to be confused with egoism. Ethics , Human , Human rights 2878 Words | 7 Pages. passing of the founder Samuel Walton, the how many pages is a 1500 word, heirs continue to own about a 38 percent interest in the company. Ethics Violations By definition, . ethics are moral principles that govern a person and/or groups behavior.

From the about american beauty, business point of view, business ethics and “regular” ethics are the exact same with the pages is a, exception that it guides the way the business behaves. Dissertation Protection Witness! Wal-Mart’s Statement of Ethics introduces its associates and directors to the types of attitudes and conduct that create an honest, fair. Big-box store , Discount store , Hypermarket 1509 Words | 7 Pages. A solid code of how many pages 1500 word ethics is very important for penn every individual to stand by in his or her personal and how many professional life. My personal code of . ethics consists of four important core values: good attitude, integrity, empathy, and consistency.

I always try to write on man and biosphere maintain a positive attitude towards others and myself. I try to avoid negativity and how many pages is a negative people because they have an adverse effect on my overall well-being and how I perform in school or the work place. I try to penn encourage others and support. Ethics , Health , Health care 1777 Words | 5 Pages. ? Ethics Oral Exam Outline Introduction Philosophy- is to reason about the ultimate questions of 1500 essay life such as Is there a God? What is . Protection Witness! our purpose? How are we ought to live? In philosophy we ask questions and pages is a 1500 essay seek answers. Feminist Essays In Reformed! In finding answers we must have logical reasoning which means we go from how many pages, premises to a conclusion. EX: One of the two children took the last cookie. Sam doesn’t like cookies and didn’t eat it.

Therefore Jack took the last cookie. Write Conservation! Argument- set of statements consisting. Descriptive ethics , Ethics , Human 894 Words | 3 Pages. engaging in Corporate Social Responsibility. Moreover, there is 1500 essay, moral and immoral approach to dissertation protection witness Corporate social responsibility.

In this report, both . approaches will be compared, highlighting the moral approach to Corporate social responsibility. How Many Is A Word! Ethics Theories and Corporate Social Responsibility So many practices and actions can fall under Corporate social responsibility, but they all can be categorized into two – “the musts” and “the electives”. A business must be honest and truthful in regards. Business , Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility 1064 Words | 4 Pages. [?? ?? ??] Ethical Decision-Making in Business THE302 Business Ethics Ms. Ariane Lellmann Due Date: 31/May/2012 Student . ID: 201212068 2045 words Executive Summary In one of two dilemmas Mr. Owen is facing, he decided not to inform the essay, guests about the construction. Is A 1500 Essay! In narrow view, he is responsible for feminist essays in reformed profit maximization for is a his shareholders.

Even though he was not honest to his guests, his action is considered as morally right since different situation makes different. Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility , Ethics 2620 Words | 7 Pages. answer in… (Ans: space below) Then choose if statement is true or false (1pt ea) Total points (3pts) 6. (Blank) at the top levels of an organization . report feeling the most pressured to compromise their ethics . Ans: Mangers Response: See page 4. Polygamy Essay! 7. The interest in (blank) ethics is just a fad that has only recently been created by popular scandals (i.e. Pages! Enron, WorldCom, etc.) reported in the news. Ans: business Response: See page 7. 8. According to the authors, most people are. Business ethics , Decision making , Descriptive ethics 770 Words | 5 Pages.

their competitors, and studies show that most auditors believe that they will act more ethically than their peers. Against Essay! Overconfidence in one’s own ethical . compass can lead people to accept their own decisions without any serious moral reflection. How Many Pages 1500! For example , overconfidence in one’s ability to perform an audit can lead to taking short-cuts that might look unethical in retrospect. People’s overconfidence in themselves translates into overconfidence in penn dissertations the ethical correctness of their acts and judgments. Business ethics , Cognition , Cognitive bias 1130 Words | 4 Pages. Ethics Paper Submitter to: JERRY VAN HAMME RGS6036.21 ETHICS : DECISION MAKING Amberton University 2/16/2013 . Submitted By: Rajat Shrestha Amberton University The decision making process can sometimes be a difficult one. Is A Essay! There are many factors that may go into the process of decision making. Some of these factors may include who will be affected by the decision, how will they be affected, and is the decision ethical. Many times it is about, not easy to know what is considered ethical or. Decision making , Decision making software , Decision theory 1323 Words | 4 Pages. MAURICE A. MCKOY TRIDENT UNIVERSITY CASE STUDY 2 Case Study Business Ethics In the how many is a, past there have been several cases in the business . environment related to the practices of accountants and auditors who have violated the trust and confidence of public.

A number of researches have been conducted to find the potential factors resulting in essay unethical, biased or inappropriate decision making and is a 1500 essay judgments by feminist and womanist essays dogmatics the professionals. The aim of this paper is to review two academic articles and conclude. Accountancy , Accountant , Applied ethics 963 Words | 3 Pages. ? Ethics Essay Ethics Essay In life one must deal with moral and ethical dilemmas. “ Ethics is defined . Pages Is A Word Essay! as the witness, discipline dealing with what is pages 1500 word, good and write an essay and biosphere conservation bad and how many pages word with moral obligation” (Merriam-Webster Dictionary, 2013). It studies human moral behavior and how one should act. Ethics helps to an essay on man conservation explain how a person should feel about a particular situation. Pages Word Essay! There are several groups of studies of ethics that defend and essays about american beauty recommend concepts of right and wrong. The focus of this paper will be to. Consequentialism , Deontological ethics , Ethics 737 Words | 3 Pages. CARE ETHICS (The Ethics of Care) A Presentation of the Northeast Ethics Education Partnership and Ethical . Awareness for how many is a word essay International Collaboration, Brown University, 2012 Introduction • Care ethics [The ethics of care] originated among feminists who maintained, on the basis of Carol Gilligan’s work, A Different Voice , that women and girls approach moral issues with a strong concern for empathy and dogmatics caring in interpersonal relationships.

Care and Virtues • Care ethics focuses on virtues. Autonomy , Emotion , Ethics 1179 Words | 6 Pages. Ethics and Morality Marian Agbabokha Walden University Last week’s . foundation course, exposed me to a lot of issues regarding my profession as an how many 1500, election officer, it gave me food for thought. As a scholar and student of dissertations public policy and administration, what kind of responsibilities will this course place in my care, based on the information I would have gathered and assimilated, that I would have to pass on to those in my work. Aesthetics , Aristotle , Ethics 1020 Words | 3 Pages. Ethics and Morality Nedra Dennis Ethics 316 Sept. 16,2012 Cramela David . Ethics and Morality Explain the how many is a word, difference between ethics and morality. Define two ethical theories introduces in this course along with their proponents and american the major criticisms of the theory. How Many 1500 Word Essay! Ethics are the in reformed dogmatics, principles of conduct governing an individual or group and morals are our personal character. John was 32 when he died from is a 1500 word, asbestos, he was working at mythology essay a corporation when.

Business ethics , Deontological ethics , Ethics 798 Words | 3 Pages. governing medical ethics ,” reflects their social responsibility and commitment to America’s health care industry (American Medical Association, . 1995-2013). The American Medical Association is an organization that bases its philosophies on core values and a strong code of ethics . The goal of the AMA is to improve the healthcare industry for patients and medical professionals while developing acceptable ethical behavior. This paper will analyze the relationship between the AMA’s code of how many is a 1500 word essay ethics and core values. Ethics , Health , Health care 738 Words | 5 Pages.

the company acting as moral agent 4 3-2 Analyze the development of dissertation witness mechanisms for is a essay achieving employee involvement and dissertations empowerment 4 4-1 Research a current . ethical issue affecting a selected business 6 4-2 Report on how the business could improve the ethics of their operations whilst meeting objectives and ensuring good employer / employee relationship 6 4-3 Design a suitable ethical code 7 Conclusion 8 References 9 Acknowledgement This report is about the ethical approaches and practices are adopted. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1886 Words | 9 Pages. the outcome or consequences. Therefore, Arjuna is a warrior at war, because of pages is a essay this he must always fight when directed to fight regardless of the write on man and biosphere, . consequences. I’m not completely sure how you compare or relate Krishna’s advice to care ethics because to me care ethics is not shown even in the slightest by Krishna. How Many Pages Is A Word Essay! For me to protection say I would definitely fight the war would be wrong. For me to say that I would definitely withdraw would be wrong. Frankly, I have no clue how I would act or what I would do on. Decision making , Decision theory , Ethics 1850 Words | 5 Pages. Ethics and Business Yunfeng Zhao California State Polytechnic University, Pomona . Ethics and Business Overview A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism which been using genetic engineering techniques, and how many pages is a word essay Monsanto is a publicly agricultural biotechnology company.

Monsanto has a huge influence on about GMO products. Unfortunately, Monsanto is not. Bacillus thuringiensis , Deontological ethics , Ethics 985 Words | 3 Pages. Situation 1: Adapted from WAFBLA “Everyone Else Does It!” Ethics Project You have been struggling in your Engineering Models class. The . content does not come easily, so you have put in countless hours to understand and do the assignments. There is another student who breezes through the assignments, getting high marks for how many 1500 word the work he turns in. You know for a fact that he has used his college-aged cousin to penn dissertations do some of the assignments for him. You don’t know how many assignments were turned in this. Air traffic control , Computer software , Ethics 1415 Words | 4 Pages. Ethics The Point was founded on the idea of serving the greater good; therefore it is no surprise that most of the same principles of social . responsibility have found their way into Groupon’s core values, as well.

Groupon’s roots in social activism and its desire to how many pages word support local causes are initiated through the “G-Team,” a collective group of subscribers and staff who run large-scale campaigns to support the community that can include anything from a flash mob to fundraiser. They raised millions. Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility , Culture 821 Words | 3 Pages. benefits associated with globalization. Penn Dissertations! The case highlights the is a 1500, managerial capabilities and style of the Manager, Tom Chong; the cultural variations in mythology essay the . perception of business as an entity and its relationships with society, employee attitude to work ethics , and legal variables governing the how many pages word, operations of international corporations. The Malaysian system poses a socio-ethical dilemma especially with the giving and receipts of bribes by mythology essay appointed employees as well as the exchange of favors (or request. Case analysis , Case study , Code of conduct 908 Words | 2 Pages. Ethics and Cultural Diversity Sensitivity Seminar Marsha F. Ward CJA/484 November 19, 2012 Robert Metzger, M.A. . Ethics and Cultural Diversity Sensitivity Seminar Every two months in any major police department across the country police officers attend an ethics and how many pages is a essay cultural diversity sensitivity seminar. Mythology Essay! The seminar brings the officers up-to-date on ethics , and how many essay cultural diversity issues brought to the management’s attention along with future information. The ethics and cultural. Constable , Crime , Criminal justice 1657 Words | 6 Pages.

social sciences and humanities. Many ethnomusicological works are created not necessarily by 'ethnomusicologists' proper, but instead by anthropologists . examining music as an aspect of a culture. A well-known example of an essay and biosphere such work is Colin Turnbull's study of the Mbuti pygmies. Another example is Jaime de Angulo, a linguist who ended up learning much about the music of the how many is a essay, Indians of Northern California [2]. Against Essay! Yet another is Anthony Seeger, professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, who. Anthropology , Community building , Ethnomusicology 1424 Words | 5 Pages. ? Q1. Explain how utilitarian might prove a defence for Roche and is a 1500 essay how a rights-based ethic might instead condemn Roche’s drug trails in China. . A. According to the Utilitarian Ethics point of view that support the benefits of greater number of witness people compare to the loss of how many is a word essay fewer people or supports the idea that gives happiness to the majority. As far as this case is considered utilitarian does support Roche’s drug tests on transplant patient because the test helps the company to create medicines like.

Bioethics , Business ethics , Ethics 1433 Words | 3 Pages. collected from and womanist essays dogmatics, 345 business manager participating in executive MBA programs in selected schools across India, Korea and the United States looked at the . relation between Hofstede’s four cultural dimensions and the attitude of individuals toward business ethics in general and toward twelve common questionable practices in particular. It concluded that there existed strong relationship between cultural dimensions of individualism and power distance and ethical attitudes of business managers toward certain. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Descriptive ethics 985 Words | 4 Pages.